The East and Western Schism, or the Great Schism, was a split between the Eastern and Western Christian Churches. Over the course of history so far, there had been many religious and political differences between the Eastern and Western Churches. For example, the Western Church decided to stay under the rule of the Pope, while the Eastern Church did not accept the rule of the Pope. Another example is the Eastern and Western Churches had different views and beliefs about Original Sin. The Roman Church believes that Mary was born without sin, while the Eastern church believes that Mary was cleansed of sin. Because of these differences of opinions and because of fighting, the Church divided. The Church has been divided into the West, Roman Catholic, and the East, Greek Orthodox, since this Schism. We are referred to as the West, or Roman Catholic.