Church History Timeline-John Agan

Early Church History

The Ascension

33 AD

The Ascension took place 40 days after the Resurrection of Jesus Christ. The Ascension was when Jesus ascended into Heaven. Before Jesus went into Heaven, He went down to Hell and restored His order.

Resurrection of Jesus

33 AD

The Resurrection of Jesus is the most important day in the Catholic church. The Resurrection is when Jesus defied death and came back to life. He ate and drank with his followers after He came back. Jesus looked entirely different and it was hard to recognize him.

Paul's Conversion

Approx. 35 AD

Saul (Paul's original name) used to persecute and murder hundreds of Christians. His name was known and feared by many. One day this all changed. Saul was on his way to Damascus when a blinding light came from the sky. A voice boomed out, "Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting me?" Saul fell to the ground and was blinded for three days. It was at this moment that Saul's life changed forever. He would from now on serve the Catholic church.

Paul Martyred in Rome

Approx. 67 AD

Paul was taken to Rome in chains. He was then imprizoned, but he continued to serve God with all of his heart. He was then beheaded two years later.

Peter Martyred in Rome

Approx. 67 AD

Peter was taken by Roman guards for preaching when he was told not to. He then was executed on the cross.

Edict of Milan

313 AD

A few centuries after the death of the last Apostle, the Church began to fall apart. Not only was the Church split up, but the Roman Empire in the East was persecuting Christians. Then the Emperor of the West named Constantine had a vision from God and was told to take on the Eastern Emperor, Maxentius, and his army. Constantine was told by God to put Christ’s Greek initials on all of his shields. Constantine won the battle and the Church became the prominent religion in the Constantine’s territory, which was all of Rome because he claimed Maxentius’s territory.

Eastern and Western Schism

1054 AD

This was a split between two major faiths in Rome. The Catholic faith and the Eastern Orthodoxy faith. Many people think that the split happened when the two leaders of the faiths excommunicated each other, but it really happened after many arguments between the two faiths.

Popes

St. Pope Peter

Approx. 32 AD - Approx. 67 AD

St. Pope Peter was one of the twelve apostles and the very first Pope. St. Pope Peter established the foundation of the Catholic Church. His feast day is June 29.

St. Pope Linus

Approx. 67 AD - Approx. 76 AD

St. Pope Linus was the second Pope of the Catholic Church. St. Pope Linus's feast day is September 23. Some researchers say that St. Linus was appointed Bishop by St. Peter. There is debate on whether St. Pope Linus was persecuted by Emperor Neo or not.

St. Pope Anacletus

Approx. 76 AD - Approx. 88 AD

St. Pope Anacletus is the third Pope of the Catholic Church. His feast day is April 26. Early documents show that he ordained 25 priests. St. Pope Anacletus was a martyr, but no one knows how he was killed.

St. Pope Clement 1

Approx. 88 AD - Approx. 97 AD

St. Pope St. Clement 1 is the fourth Pope of the Catholic Church. His feast day is November 23. Before he became Pope, he was the Bishop of Rome. He was a martyr. He was throw in the sea while tied to an iron anchor for helping 2,000 Christians in Crimea.

St. Pope Evaristus

Approx. 97 AD - Approx. 105 Ad

St. Pope Evaristus was the fifth Pope of the Catholic Church. His feast day is October 26. St. Pope Evaristus was the fifth Bishop of Rome as well. He was a Jew, but then he converted to Christianity.

Gospels

Mark's Gospel

Approx. 65 AD - Approx. 70 AD

Mark was the earliest Gospel writer. He wrote this Gospel as fast as he possibly could have. He did this because the Emperor of Rome, Emperor Neo, was persecuting and killing the Christians in Rome. Mark was afraid that the church would die out and future generations would not know who Jesus was, so he wrote his Gospel to ensure the continuation of the Catholic Church. In his Gospel, Mark portrays Jesus as a hurried man who never had time to rest. He shows that Jesus was always performing a miracle, preaching, or praying. Mark wrote his Gospel to the Gentiles.

Matthew's Gospel

Approx. 80 AD

Matthew portrays Jesus as the true Messiah. Matthew makes the reader have no doubt that Jesus is the Messiah. Matthew wrote his Gospel to the Jews and tried to convert them to Christianity.

Luke's Gospel

Approx. 80 AD - Approx. 85 AD

Luke wrote his Gospel to the Greek Gentiles. Luke portrays Jesus as a caring, compassionate, and kind person who will always be there to lend a hand. Luke writes his Gospel through the use of parables.

John's Gospel

Approx. 90 AD

John writes his Gospel to the anyone who will listen. John portrays Jesus as divine, true, and truly the Son of God. John writes about Jesus very in a very philosophic way.

Councils of the Church

The Council of Jerusalem

Approx. 50 AD

There was once an argument in the Council of Jerusalem on whether or not Gentiles had to follow Mosaic practice before they could convert to Christianity. Peter then settled the issue by telling them that God does not care whether someone is Gentile or Jew, but that everyone is saved by the grace of Jesus Christ.

Council of Nicaea

325 AD

There was a group of heretics called the Arians and they believed that Jesus was not truly God, but a creation of God. They also believed that Jesus was not present during the creation of time. That is when the Catholics and the Arians began to argue. They decided to hold a council and the decision reached was that Jesus truly is God. This is important because it created one of the most important Dogmas of the Catholic Church, which is that Jesus is part of the Holy Trinity.

Council of Constantinople

381 AD

There was a group called the Apollinarians. They believed that Jesus was split up into two parts. His Divine part and His human part. There was another group of heretics that followed a man named Macedonius who believed that the Holy Spirit was not part of the Trinity, but a messenger of God. There was question in the Church on whether the two groups were telling the truth, or if they were heretics. They decided that the Holy Spirit is truly part of God and is not just a messenger. They also said that Jesus is both man and God and is not separated into two forms. This created another important Dogma of the Catholic Church, which is that the Holy Spirit is part of the Holy Trinity.

Council of Ephesus

431 AD

There was a group called the Nestorians who believed that Mary could be called “Mother of Christ,” but not “Mother of God.” The Catholic Church held a council and decided that Mary is the Mother of God because Jesus is God. To say that Mary is the Mother of Christ instead of Mother of God is in extension saying that Jesus is not Divine, which is heresy.

Council of Chalcedon

451 AD

There was once a group called the Monophysites. They believed that Jesus’s Divine side completely replaced His human side. The Church decided that Jesus is both Divine and human and isn’t just Divine.

Saints

Saint Elizabeth Ann Seton's Birthday

August 28, 1774

Elizabeth Ann Seton was born on August 28, 1774. Some of her patronages include in-law problems, anti-child death, death of parents, and widows.

Saint John Neumann's Birthday

March 28, 1811

Saint John Neumann was born on March 28, 1811. He is the patron of Catholic schools and America.

Saint Elizabeth Ann Seton's Death

January 4, 1821

Elizabeth Ann Seton died January 4, 1821.

Saint Katharine Drexel's Birthday

November 26, 1858

Saint Katharine Drexel was born on November 26, 1885. Saint Katharine Drexel is the Patron Saint of racial justice. She is the second American Born Saint.

Saint John Neumann's Death

January 5, 1860

Saint John Neumann died on January 5, 1860. Some of Saint John Neumann's symbols are a crook, and catholic schools.

Saint Katharine Drexel's Death

March 3, 1955

Saint Katharine Drexel died March 3, 1955. Katharine wanted to help the Native Americans because she saw how bad they had it when she visited some of the western states. She helped them by donating some of her money to the Rosebud Reservation.

Saint Elizabeth Ann Seton's Beatificiation

March 17, 1963

Saint Elizabeth Ann Seton was Beatified on March 17, 1963.

Saint John Neumann's Beatification Date

October 13, 1963

Saint John Neumann was Beatified on October 13, 1963.

Saint Elizabeth Ann Seton's Canonization

September 14, 1975

Elizabeth Ann Seton was Canonized on September 14, 1975. Three miracles that lead to her Canonization include curing a child of leukemia, a woman of cancer, and a man of a brain infection.

Saint John Neumann's Canonization

July 19, 1977

Saint John Neumann was Canonized on July 19, 1977. One of the miracles that lead to his Canonization was when a six year old boy, sick with cancer, visited his tomb. The boy was cured a few weeks later even though the doctors didn't think it was possible. This was Saint John Neumann's third miracle.

Saint Katharine Drexel's Beatification

November 20, 1988

Saint Katharine Drexel was Beatified on November 20, 1988.

Saint Katharine Drexel's Canonization Date

October 1, 2000

Saint Katharine Drexel was Canonized on October 1, 2000.