Church History Timeline

Events

The Ascension

33 AD

Jesus ascended into Heaven. Now he is seated at the right hand of his Father.

Resurrection of Jesus

33 AD

Jesus rose from the dead and saved all of humanity from sin. This day is known as Easter.

Paul's Conversion

Approx. 35 AD

Jesus's voice came upon Paul and asked why Paul was persecuting Jesus. Paul couldn't eat, sleep, or drink for three days, and he became a Christian.

Paul Martyred in Rome

Approx. 65 AD

Paul was beheaded in Rome. He had been spreading the word of God in Rome for two years.

Peter Martyred in Rome

Approx. 67 AD

Peter was crucified on a cross. Peter was in Rome when he died.

Edict of Milan

313

Constantine had a vision of Christ, which inspired him to meet with the leader of eastern Milan. Together they made Christianity the main religion Milan. That helped the Church grow and have more power. (From Ten Peak Moments of the Catholic Church.)

Eastern and Western Schism

1054

The Pope believed that he had control over Christians in the East. The Eastern Christians, however, believed that he only had control over Western Christians. Pope Leo IX and Patriarch Michael 1 both tried to excommunicate each other from the Church. The result was two different churches, Eastern Orthodoxy in the East and Roman Catholicism in the West. (https://www.theopedia.com/great-schism)

Gospels

The Gospel of Mark

Approx. 65 AD - Approx. 70 AD

This Gospel portrays Jesus as a human with many feelings. Mark wrote this Gospel quickly after Peter and Paul died because the people thought that the religion was dying. Mark wrote his Gospel for Gentiles.

The Gospel of Luke

Approx. 80 AD - Approx. 85 AD

Luke portrays Jesus as very compassionate and forgiving. Luke wrote this Gospel for Gentiles like himself. Luke wrote for groups with less respect.

The Gospel of Matthew

Approx. 80 AD

Matthew wrote this Gospel to Roman followers who converted from pagan backgrounds. Matthew portrays Jesus as the new Moses and draws many comparisons between them. Jesus is a teacher in this Gospel.

The Gospel of John

Approx. 90 AD

In John's Gospel, Jesus is portrayed as majestic, divine, and noble. John wrote to Jews and Gentiles because they were fighting each other.

Popes

Peter's Papacy

33 AD - 67 AD

Peter was the first Pope. He died in 67 AD. His real name was Simon, but Jesus changed it to Peter.

Linus's Papacy

67 AD - 76 AD

Pope Linus is now a saint. His feast day is September 23.

Cletus's Papacy

76 AD - 88 AD

Saint Peter converted Pope Cletus to Christianity. His feast day is April 26.

Clement 1's Papacy

88 AD - 97 AD

Pope Clement 1's feast day is November 23. He is the patron saint of marble workers.

Evaristus's Papacy

97 AD - 105 AD

Pope Evaristus is a martyr. His feast day is October 6.

Councils

The Council of Jerusalem

Approx. 50 AD

A council created to talk to the elders in Jerusalem. It was formed by Barnabas and Paul to try to unite Gentiles and Jews, who were fighting.

Council of Nicaea

325 AD

This council made the decision that Jesus was divine, just like God, because the some people, the Arians, were doubting it. This council made the Nicene Creed. They also decided that Easter had to be celebrated on a Sunday. (http://catholic-resources.org/ChurchDocs/EcumenicalCouncils.htm)

Council of Constantinople

381 AD

The Arians, Macedonians, and Apollinarians were spreading heresy that the Holy Spirit wasn't fully divine. This council proved that the Holy Spirit is also fully divine, like Jesus and God. They decided that the Trinity has three people: God, Jesus, and the Holy Spirit. (http://catholic-resources.org/ChurchDocs/EcumenicalCouncils.htm)

Council of Ephesus

431

This council was called to counteract the heresy of the Nestorains, who said that Mary is the Mother of Christ, not the Mother of God. This council decided that Mary should be called the Mother of God. This is because Jesus is God, which makes Mary God's mother. (http://catholic-resources.org/ChurchDocs/EcumenicalCouncils.htm)

Council of Chalcedon

451

The monophysites believed that Jesus was human and divine, but he only had a divine nature. This council proved that Jesus had a divine nature and a human nature that were equally important. (http://catholic-resources.org/ChurchDocs/EcumenicalCouncils.htm)

Saints

Saint Joan of Arc

January 6, 1412 - May 30, 1431

Joan was born on January 6, 1412 and died on May 30, 1431. She was beatified on April 18, 1909. She was canonized on May 16, 1920. Joan is the patron of soldiers and France. Some of her symbols are a sword, a heart, and the fleur de lis. (Catholic Online)

Saint Elizabeth Ann Seton

August 28, 1774 - January 4, 1821

Elizabeth Ann Seton was born on August 28, 1774 and died on January 4, 1821. She was beatified on March 17, 1963 and was canonized on September 14, 1975. She is the patron of widows, in law problems, and the death of parents. She co-founded the American Catholic school system. (Catholic Online)

Saint Katharine Drexel

November 26, 1858 - March 3, 1955

Katharine Drexel was born on November 26, 1858 and died on March 3, 1955. She was beatified on November 20, 1988 and was canonized on October 1, 2000. She founded Xavier University, which is a Catholic college. (Catholic Online)