Church History

Events

The Resurrection of Jesus

33 AD

Jesus died on the cross for us and after 3 days rose from the dead opening up the gates of Heaven and giving everyone a chance to be with God. The Resurrection lead to the Ascension and many more important events in the Bible. The Apostles were amazed by Jesus’ Resurrection and continued to spread the good news.

The Ascension

33 AD

Jesus took the Apostles to Olivet 40 days after his Resurrection, promised them they would receive the Holy Spirit soon, blessed them, and ascended up to Heaven. His Ascension signified the completion of his time on earth and his Glorification.

Paul's Conversion

Approx. 35 AD

Saul used to be a zealous, he intensely persecuted followers of Jesus and he was a terrible person. When he was traveling to Damascus he saw a bright light and he fell to the ground, a light from Heaven flashed around him and a voice from Heaven addressed him saying “Saul, Saul, why do you persecute me?” This changed Paul forever. He got baptized and started proclaiming of Christ and speaking openly. Saul’s name was changed to Paul and he became a saint.

The Council of Jerusalem

Approx. 50 AD

Certain Judaic Christians from Jerusalem occasioned that Gentile Christians from Antioch in Syria obey the Mosaic custom of circumcision. A delegation held by Paul and Barnabas his companion was appointed to confer with the elders of the church in Jerusalem.

The Gospel of Mark

65 AD - 70 AD

The Gospel of Mark was written about Jesus’ life growing up and how he spread the message of God throughout the world. He wrote the Gospel for the Gentiles who were non Jewish Catholics. He portrays Jesus as someone with emotions like sadness, anger, and fear and how he’s always on the move. Mark also describes Jesus’ adult life. This Gospel was written because he wanted to spread Jesus' good works, Mark also wants to make it clear that Jesus is the son of God and the messenger of God.

Paul Martyred in Rome

Approx. 65 AD

Paul was condemned by Nero to die and was beheaded. Nero targeted Christians and Peter and Paul were arrested and killed for teaching and proclaiming the word of God. Paul became a martyr.

Peter Martyred in Rome

Approx. 67 AD

Peter was also arrested with Paul and killed by Nero. Peter requested to be crucified upside down because he saw himself unworthy to be crucified the same way Jesus was. He became a martyr like Paul because they both died spreading the word of God.

The Gospel of Matthew

80 AD

Matthew wrote to the Jewish Christians. In is Gospel Jesus is portrayed to be faithful of his promises to Israel. Jesus is also presented as a teacher and even greater than Moses. Mark Portrays Jesus whose Jewish identity is beyond doubt. This Gospel was written because Matthew wanted there to be a new interpretation of the law of Moses.

The Gospel of Luke

Approx. 80 AD - 85 AD

The Gospel of Luke was written for the Greek Gentiles and it’s message is how to be a good Christian. His Gospel tells of the origins, birth, ministry, atonement, death, Resurrection, and Ascension of Jesus Christ. In Luke’s Gospel Jesus cares for the poor, oppressed, marginalized of that culture. Luke depicts Jesus as deeply compassionate. Luke also put many parables in his Gospel. He wrote this Gospel because he wanted to teach people how to be like Jesus and how to be a good Christian.

The Gospel of John

Approx. 90 AD

John wrote his Gospel for everyone. John’s Gospel confirms that Jesus is Messiah and the son of God. In John’s Gospel Jesus resembles the Jewish ideal of Heavenly wisdom. John's Gospel is also called the "Spiritual Gospel" because of the way it portrays Jesus. The message is to spread the word of God and his Kingdom like Jesus did, that’s the message in all the Gospels. This Gospel was written to show that Jesus was Christ, the Son of God, and that believers in him might have eternal life.

Events II

Edict of Milan

313 AD

It was letter signed by the Roman Emperors Constantine and Licinius, in 313, it proclaimed religious toleration in the Roman Empire. It granted freedom for the people to worship any religion. It also assured Christians to legal rights including having the right to organize churches.

Council of Nicaea

325 AD

The council of Nicaea was called by the unbaptized catechumen Emperor Constantine I. He presided over the opening session and took part in the discussions. The council was called because their was a dispute over Arianism which is the belief that the son was not consubstantial with the father. The council resulted in the first uniform doctrine which was called the Nicene Creed. The Creed stated that the Christian faith thoroughly condemned Arianism, which means that Jesus is truly God.

Council of Constantinople

381 AD

The Council of Constantinople was the second ecumenical council of the Christian Church, it was called by the Emperor Theodosius. The Council was called to try to unite the Church the was divided over Christ’s nature and his relationship with the Father. The main business was to reestablish the doctrine that had been set forth in the Nicene Creed. They did this by rewriting the creed and removing some language. It was a council of Christian Bishops convened by the Roman Emperor in Constantinople. This council finally declared The Trinitarian Doctrine of the equality and of the Holy Spirit with the Father and the Son.

Council of Ephesus

431

The Council of Ephesus was convened in 431 by the emperor of the eastern half of the Roman Empire, Theodosius ll. Nestorius’ teaching about the nature of Christ was generating a great deal of controversy in the church, so he requested a council hoping to be able to prove his orthodoxy and silence his detractors. Some didn’t want the title to be Theotokos for the Creed because they held that an eternal could not be born. The Council of Ephesus finally confirmed the title Theotokes for Mary and the Nicene Creed as a legitimate title based on that creed.

Council of Chalcedon

451 AD

Marcian, an orthodox Christian emperor, wished to convene another council to resolve the turmoil that the Second Council of Ephesus had started. It was believed the human and Divine nature were one but it was proven that they weren't one and that Jesus had both. As a result to the council Dioscorus was found guilty of abusing his priestly authority specifically at the Second Council of Ephesus and he was defrocked.

Eastern and Western Schism

1054 AD

It was led by the Michael Cerularius, who was the patriarch of Constantinople, and the Western church which was led by Pope Leo IX. This event precipitated the final separation between the Eastern Christian churches, in other words, it divided Chalcedonian. This Schism started due to the result of an extended period of estrangement between the two bodies of churches. The Roman Pope claimed he held authority over the four Eastern patriarchs, but the four eastern patriarchs claimed that the primacy of the Patriarch of Rome was only honorary, this was the primary cause of the Schism. He had authority only over Western Christians and over the insertion of the filioque clause into the Nicene Creed. The Church split along doctrinal, theological, linguistic, political, and geographic lines, but the fundamental breach never healed. The Eastern and Western Churches are truly separate.

Saints

Birth date of St. Therese of Lisuex

January 2, 1873

Therese was born on January 2, 1873 in Alencon France to her father Louis, who was a watchmaker, and her mother, Zelie, who was a lace maker. She was the youngest of 9 siblings but only 5 made it to adulthood. When Therese was only 4 years old her mother died of breast cancer which left her very sad and depressed for a couple years, but then something happened that changed her life forever. At 10 years old she got very ill and started experiencing symptoms like comas, hallucinations, and trembling, all of the doctors were baffled on what to do. Then on May 13, 1883 Therese was suddenly cured. Her sisters had come in and started to pray to the statue of Mary, Therese turned to pray to, then her face calmed and she was cured, Therese had seen a vision of the Virgin Mary herself, it lasted about 5 minutes, it was a miracle. Therese is the patron Saint of illness, she is also the patron of loss of parents. One of Therese's symbols is florists because of her love of flowers, she saw herself as the "little flower of Jesus"

Death Date of St. Therese of Lisuex

September 30, 1897

After a long struggle of tuberculosis Therese died on September 30, 1897 at age 24 after being a Carmelite nun for 9 years. Her very last words were "My God, I love you!" She was faithful to God through her sickness and died in peace. One of Therese's symbols is a reed to describe how fragile she was, when she became very ill at 10 her dad was afraid she was going to die, because of how fragile she was, but she pulled through until September 30, 1897, when God called her and decided it was her time. Therese is the patron saint of tuberculosis and one of her symbols is a Carmelite nun with roses at her feet to represent how the sisters were with her till the end.

Beatification of St. Therese of Lisieux

1923

Therese was beatified and honored by many in the year 1923, her own parents were then beatified in 2008, and her sister Leonia is being considered for Saint Hood. Therese's whole family was very holy and embraced God's love. Therese and her sister joined the carmelites to get even closer to God and today one of Therese's symbols is Carmelite nun with roses at her feet to represent her love of flowers and how she was a faithful nun.

Canonization of St. Therese of Lisiuex

May 17, 1925

Therese was canonized by Pope Pius XI on May 17, 1925. If she was still alive, she would've been 52 years old when named a saint. He mission was to do good on earth and love and serve God. Therese was warm hearted and caring and her inspiration touched many people all around the world.

St. Katharine Drexel and St. Marianne Cope

Birth Date of Marianne Cope

January 23, 1838

Marianne was born in Heppenheim, Germany in what was the Grand Duchy of Hesse on January 23, 1838. She was baptized as Maria Anna Barbara Koob but her name was later changed to Cope. Only a year after her birth her family migrated to America settling in Utica, New York. Marianne attended a parish there until 8th grade. She helped open many hospitals and in the following years after her death several miracles happened. One lady was healed miraculously after struggles with organ failure and after praying to Marianne she was healed. Marianne is the patron saint of lepers and HIV/AIDS and cured several people from there illnesses after her death. She has always been a loving and caring person and is honored for that today.

Birth date of St. Katharine Drexel

November 26, 1858

Katharine was born on November 26, 1858 in Philadelphia Pennsylvania to a very wealthy family. Her father, Francis, was an American financier and a philanthropist and her mother, Hannah, died 5 weeks after Katharine was born, because of this Katharine and her sister were taken care of by there Aunt and Uncle till there father got remarried in 1860. Her step mother suffered with terminal cancer which impacted Katharine deeply. She didn't let that get her down, she had a strong belief that everyone should have access to education. She joined the sisters of mercy and began a vast building campaign, she started schools in Arizona and Tennessee and opened a school for African Americas in 1915 that later became Xavier University. She is the patron saint of of racial justice for her equality to all. She used 12 million dollars from her inheritance she got from her father for her charitable and apostolic missions. By the time the sister of mercy had reached 500 members in 51 convents they had established 49 elementary schools, 12 high schools, and 1 college, Xavier University. Katharine had met her goals with hard work and determination. In 2000 after her death she cured a girl after she prayed to her and touched some of Katharine's possessions to her ears. This was Katharine's second miracle. Katharine is adored today for love and equality for all.

Death Date of Marianne Cope

August 9, 1918

Marianne cope died in Kalaupapa, Hawaii on August 9, 1918 after many years of helping the lepers. She did not get leprosy herself which is a miracle but died of old age. She became very frail and was moved to a wheel chair, she didn't let this stop her, she continued to work very hard and tirelessly until her death. She is the patron saint of lepersy and of Hawaii.

Death Date of St. Katharine Drexel

March 5, 1955

At 77 years old Katharine suffered a heart attack and was forced to retire. For the remainder of her life she prayed intense and quietly, she recorded her prayers and aspirations in small notebooks. Katharine is the patron saint of Philanthropists and one of her symbols is a heart for heart attack survivors.

Beatification of St. Katharine Drexel

November 20, 1988

Katharine was beatified by Pope John Paul II on November 20, 1988. She was remembered especially for her love of the Eucharist and for the unity of all people. She worked hard to make sure all people were able to attend school, no matter there race or where they were from. She created a school just for the African Americans which was later a college. Katharine was very courageous and stood forward to address all the social inequality going on within minorities. She believed that everyone should have a quality education, to help reach this goal, she donated her inheritance showing how selfless and loving she was. Katharine is honored and respected today by many for her actions.

Canonization Date of Katharine Drexel

October 1, 2000

Katharine was canonized shortly after her beatification by Pope John Paul II on October 1, 2000 in Rome, Italy. There are relics today of St. Katharine located in the Saint Raphael The Arch Angel Catholic Church in Raleigh North Carolina and in The Day Chapel of Saint Katharine Drexel Parish in Sugar Grove, Illinois. After Saint Katharine's canonization in Peter's square, Vatican city, she became the second American born saint and was rejoiced and loved all throughout the world.

Beatification and canonization of Maranne Cope

May 14, 2005 - October 21, 2012

She was beatified by Pope Benedict XVI, on May 14, 2005 after her miracle was certified by the church. After her beatification her remains were moved Syracuse, New York and put in a shrine. Mother Marianne is remembered today for changing lives of those in Molokai by introducing cleanness,pride, and fun. She was canonized on October 21, 2012 also by Pope Benedict XVI. Today we honor her commitment to those who were outcasts in there own land, we can follow her example by standing up for and helping those who are being ignored or treated unfairly, we can be good Samaritans everyday and help others out just like she did. One of her symbols includes a cross representing how God was always with her and is always with us today.