Church history

Events

Paul's Conversion

35 AD

Before Paul's conversion he prosecuted the followers of Jesus. Yet while riding to Damascus, God hit him with a beam of light, blinding him, he heard a voice but saw no man and later he converted to Christanity.

Edict of Milan

313 AD

The edict of Milan is a political agreement between the emperor of the Eastern Roman Emperor, Constantine the Great and the Western Roman Emperor Licinius. The agreement made it so that they gave everyone within the borders of the Roman Empire the right to worship Christianity.

Eastern and Western Schism

1054 AD

This was the final break in the church that led to the Eastern Orthodox Church and Roman Catholicism to be separated. The Roman Catholic Church was headed by Pope Leo lX, and the Orthodox was led by the Patriarch Michael Cerularius. The communications between churches were not lifted until 1965 when pope Paul Vl met with Patriarch Athenagoras l. One of the major reasons they split was because of the separation of east and west parts of the Roman Empire splitting up, there was also a linguistic difference as the west spoke Latin and the east spoke Greek, lastly both considered themselves the true church and both considered their teachings universal.

Councils

The Council of Jerusalem

50 AD

This was a conference led by Gentile Christians and Jewish Christians. They eventually ruled that Gentile Christians would not have to observe Mosaic Law.

Council of Nicaea

325 AD

The council of Nicaea was the first Ecumenical Council, meaning it had clergymen represented from multiple churches. It was to address a recent heresy brought about by a man named Arius who hailed from Alexandria. Arius explained that he believed Christ was not divine, instead he thought he was a created being.The council decided that they would ban Arius and his supporters from there churches.

Council of Constantinople

381 AD

This council was called by the Eastern Roman Emperor Theodosius l. The main thing that came out of this council was the adoption of the Nicene creed by the Catholic Church. Even though bishops didn't come from all over, most people still considered it Ecumenical.

Council of Ephesus

431 AD

This was the third Ecumenical Council and it was held in Ephesus and had about 200 bishops present. This council was called to address a heresy brought about by a man named Nestorius. Nestorius believed that Jesus was a man and not divine at all when the Catholic Church believes he is fully man and fully divine. The council ended up ruling that Jesus Christ is fully man and fully divine not just man.

Council of Chalcedon

451 AD

The council of Chalcedon was the largest of the earliest councils hosting about 520 bishops. The bishops were summoned by emperor Marcian. This council stated that the Monophysite beliefs were wrong. The monophysites believed that Christ was not man at all and just divine.

Jesus

The Resurrection of Jesus

33 AD

after Jesus was crucified he was anointed and buried in a tomb. Three days later he rose from the dead and appeared to may people over a span of 40 days until the Ascension.

The Ascension

33 AD

The Ascension of Christ into heaven and the presence of god. This happened 40 days after the resurrection in that time he visited many people including the Apostles.

Gospels

The Gospel of Mark

65 AD - 70 AD

The second book of the new testament it was written for Greek speaking Jews. His gospel portrays Jesus as a Heroic man of action.

The Gospel of Luke

80 AD - 85 AD

It was started in 80 AD and took 5 years to write. It is written towards a more Gentile audience and he travels with Paul throughout the gospel.

The Gospel of Matthew

80 AD

it was written in 80 AD and was geared toward Jewish Christians. It mostly consits of him in the holy land.

the Gospel of john

90 AD

It was written in 90 AD and was not Just written by John. It contains stories from ressurectin and post ressurection periods.

Martyrs

Paul martyred in Rome

65 AD

On Paul's 5th and final trip to Rome he was seized by an angry mob and carried off. 2 years after his he died when Nero set fire to Rome before he died he was said to have had a sermon.

Peter martyred in rome

67 AD

Peter was martyred in Rome in 67 AD about the time the fire of Rome happened. Records say he was crucified but did not want to die the same way a Jesus so he was crucified upside down.

Saints