Church History

Bible

The Gospel Of Mark

Approx. 65 Ad - Approx. 70 Ad

The second book in the New Testament. It is the shortest Gospel out of the four and it was written to the Gentiles or non Jewish Catholics. It was the first book written. Jesus is seen always on the move and it doesn't have his early child hood or birth.

The Gospel Of Matthew

Approx. 80 AD

It focuses on showing that Jesus is the Messiah through connections to the Old Testament. It was written to the Jewish Christians. It is the first book of the New Testament.

The Gospel Of Luke

Approx. 80 AD - Approx. 85 AD

The third book in the New Testament. It was written to the Greek Gentiles about how to be a good Christian. It used many Parables, and shows the many emotions and experiences Jesus went through.

The Gospel Of John

Approx. 90 AD

The fourth book in the New testament. It was written to everyone, Gentiles and Jews. It focused on the Divinity of Jesus Christ and the Holy Trinity.

Popes

St. Peter

32 AD - 37 AD

Also known as Simon Peter. He was one of the twelve Apostles.

Pope St. Linus

67 AD - 76 Ad

He served as Pope until his death. He was buried in the Vatican.

Pope St. Anacletus

76 AD - 88 AD

Also known as Cletus. Served as Pope until his death.

Pope St. Clement

88 AD - 97 AD

Considered the first Apostolic Father of the Church. Known as Saint Clement of Rome.

Pope St. Evaristus

97 AD - 105 AD

Known as Aristus. He was buried close to St. Peter in the Vatican.

Councils, Edicts, and Schisms

The Council Of Jerusalem

Approx. 50 AD

The Council decided that Gentile converts do not have to observe the Mosaic Law. It was a conference of the Christian Apostles in Jerusalem. Paul and Barnabas were appointed to confer with the elders of the church in Jerusalem afterwards.

Edict of Milan

313 AD

The Romans were persecuting the Catholics. Constantine got a vision from Christ before a war. He listened to Christ and won the war. Constantine meet with and agreed with the other ruler of Rome and let Rome have full tolerance of religion. He also promoted Catholicism. This led to the growth of Catholicism, and the ability for Catholics to become people of power. It also ended the persecution of Catholics in Rome.

Council of Nicaea

325 AD

Arius a presbyter from Alexandria was challenging Jesus’ divinity and how he could be human, yet still part of the Trinity. Constantine feared the empire would split over this issue and called the council. 250-300 bishops attended. They created the Nicene Creed. This was a statement of beliefs that continues to guide the church and it’s beliefs.

Council of Constantinople

381 AD

Called by Emperor Theodosius to deal with the Arian controversy. They settled two basic ideas: the deity of the Holy Spirit and the humanity of Christ. Expanded the beliefs of the Holy Spirit and edited the Nicene Creed. Endorsed the concept of the Trinity. This council changed the creed and changed our beliefs about the Holy Spirit.

Council of Ephesus

431 AD

Called by Emperor Theodosius II in Ephesus, Asia Minor. Around 200 Bishops were present. Concerned the heresy of Nestorianism, the idea that Jesus existed as two persons. The council decided that Jesus was one person not two and that Mary was the “Mother of God,” not the “Mother of Christ,” which is what Nestorianism said. It also said that the Nicene Creed was finished. This council enforced our beliefs that Jesus is one person, and that Mary is the Mother of God.

Council of Chalcedon

451 AD

Took place in Chalcedon, Asia Minor. Dealt with the Eutychian Doctrine of Monophysitism. Only lasted around 22-23 days. It created the Chalcedonian creed. This describes the full humanity of Christ and the full Divinity of Christ. This also showed how Jesus is the second person of the Trinity. This council clarified our beliefs, and created an important creed.

Council of Constantinople II

553 AD

Called by Emperor Justinian. Dealt with Nestorianism, and the condemning of the three heretical letters. 150 bishops attended. Pope Vigilius was brought against his will to the council after he refused to condemn the three chapters. Documents from the council include Acts of the Council, and the writings of Vigilius. The council created it’s own eleven chapters. Soon after the Pope is allowed to return to Rome, but only after he is forced to condemn the three chapters. He dies on his journey home. This council was accepted by the west. Some groups separated from the Church.

Council of Constantinople III

680 AD - 681 AD

This council dealt with Monothelitism or the belief that Christ has only one divine will. Around 175 bishops attended this council. The council made the conclusion that Jesus has both a human and divine will.

Council of Nicaea II

787 AD

This council dealt with Iconoclasm or the idea that destroying all images, monuments, and icons is very important. Around 300 bishops attended this council. The council decided having reverence or respect for pictures and icons is permitted.

Council of Constantinople IV

869 AD

This council dealt with the Photian Schism. People split over defending Bishop Photius or criticizing him. Around 110 bishops attended this council. This council was unsuccessful, and after this no more councils were held in the East.

Eastern and Western Schism

1054 AD

Also know as the Great Schism. It started when Pope Leo IX and Patriarch Michael I excommunicated each other. The biggest dispute was over papal authority between the Pope and the four Patriarchs, were each group claimed they had rule over the other. Smaller disputes included, different liturgical practices, adjustments to the Nicene Creed, and disagreements over jurisdiction. The church split in two leaving the Western Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy. The break has never been healed, and some smaller groups have switched sides. It has left a huge impact over our faith by creating more protestant faiths, and creating a bigger division between the different Catholic Churches.

Jesus' Life

The Ascension

33 AD

The Ascension is when Jesus ascended into heaven. Before Jesus went to heaven he taught the Apostles and his disciples about the Kingdom of God for 40 days. It happened on Pentecost.

The Resurrection of Jesus

33 AD

The Resurrection is when Jesus rose from the dead. It is one of our main beliefs as Catholics. It is a very important part of the Nicene Creed.

Church Events

Paul's Conversion

Approx. 35 AD

Paul is blinded by a bright light and is spoken to by Jesus. He is immediately converted to Christianity. Later he becomes a huge figure in the Acts of the Apostles.

Paul Martyred in Rome

Approx. 65 AD

Paul was condemned to death by emperor Nero. He died from decapitation.

Peter Martyred In Rome

Approx. 67 AD

Peter was crucified upside down. He was condemned to death by Roman authorities.

Saints

St. Ignatius of Loyola

1491 - 1556

Inigo of Loyola was born in 1491 in the Basque country of northern Spain. Ignatius died on July 31, 1556 at the age of 64. He is the patron saint of Basque Country, Military Ordinate of the Philippines, Society of Jesus, soldiers, educators and education. His symbols are his personal journal, a sword, and knights armor. He had one leg amputated after it got destroyed by a cannonball.

Beatification of Ignatius of Loyola

1609

St. Ignatius was canonized on July 27, 1609 by Paul V

Canonization of Ignatius of Loyola

1622

St. Ignatius was canonized on March 12, 1622 by Gregory XV

St. Elizabeth Ann Seton

1774 - 1821

Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton was born in America in 1774. She died in 1821 at the age of 46. She is the patron saint of in-law problems, against the death of children, widows, and the death of parents. She is the co founder of the Catholic School System In America. Her symbols are a pink flower, a book, a school, a rosary, a Bible, and wheat.

St. Bishop John Neumann

1811 - 1860

Bishop John Neumann was born in 1811, in Europe. He died in 1860 at the age of 48. He was the Bishop of Philadelphia. He moved to America because he wanted to become a priest, but Europe had too many. He is the patron saint of Boy scouts, Philadelphia, and Catholic Schools. One of his symbols is the water lily.

Beatification of Bishop John Neumann

1932

Bishop John Neumann was Beatified by Pope Paul VI on October 31, 1932

Beatification of Elizabeth Ann Seton

1963

St. Elizabeth Ann Seton was Beatified by Pope John XXIII on March 17, 1963

Canonization of Elizabeth Ann Seton

1975

St. Elizabeth Ann Seton was Canonized by Pope Paul VI on September 14, 1975

Canonization of Bishop John Neumann

1977

Bishop John Neumann was Canonized 1977 by Pope Paul VI on July 19, 1977.