The second book in the New Testament. It is the shortest Gospel out of the four and it was written to the Gentiles or non Jewish Catholics. It was the first book written. Jesus is seen always on the move and it doesn't have his early child hood or birth.
It focuses on showing that Jesus is the Messiah through connections to the Old Testament. It was written to the Jewish Christians. It is the first book of the New Testament.
The third book in the New Testament. It was written to the Greek Gentiles about how to be a good Christian. It used many Parables, and shows the many emotions and experiences Jesus went through.
The fourth book in the New testament. It was written to everyone, Gentiles and Jews. It focused on the Divinity of Jesus Christ and the Holy Trinity.
Also known as Simon Peter. He was one of the twelve Apostles.
He served as Pope until his death. He was buried in the Vatican.
Also known as Cletus. Served as Pope until his death.
Considered the first Apostolic Father of the Church. Known as Saint Clement of Rome.
Known as Aristus. He was buried close to St. Peter in the Vatican.
The Council decided that Gentile converts do not have to observe the Mosaic Law. It was a conference of the Christian Apostles in Jerusalem. Paul and Barnabas were appointed to confer with the elders of the church in Jerusalem afterwards.
The Romans were persecuting the Catholics. Constantine got a vision from Christ before a war. He listened to Christ and won the war. Constantine meet with and agreed with the other ruler of Rome and let Rome have full tolerance of religion. He also promoted Catholicism. This led to the growth of Catholicism, and the ability for Catholics to become people of power. It also ended the persecution of Catholics in Rome.
Arius a presbyter from Alexandria was challenging Jesus’ divinity and how he could be human, yet still part of the Trinity. Constantine feared the empire would split over this issue and called the council. 250-300 bishops attended. They created the Nicene Creed. This was a statement of beliefs that continues to guide the church and it’s beliefs.
Called by Emperor Theodosius to deal with the Arian controversy. They settled two basic ideas: the deity of the Holy Spirit and the humanity of Christ. Expanded the beliefs of the Holy Spirit and edited the Nicene Creed. Endorsed the concept of the Trinity. This council changed the creed and changed our beliefs about the Holy Spirit.
Called by Emperor Theodosius II in Ephesus, Asia Minor. Around 200 Bishops were present. Concerned the heresy of Nestorianism, the idea that Jesus existed as two persons. The council decided that Jesus was one person not two and that Mary was the “Mother of God,” not the “Mother of Christ,” which is what Nestorianism said. It also said that the Nicene Creed was finished. This council enforced our beliefs that Jesus is one person, and that Mary is the Mother of God.
Took place in Chalcedon, Asia Minor. Dealt with the Eutychian Doctrine of Monophysitism. Only lasted around 22-23 days. It created the Chalcedonian creed. This describes the full humanity of Christ and the full Divinity of Christ. This also showed how Jesus is the second person of the Trinity. This council clarified our beliefs, and created an important creed.
Called by Emperor Justinian. Dealt with Nestorianism, and the condemning of the three heretical letters. 150 bishops attended. Pope Vigilius was brought against his will to the council after he refused to condemn the three chapters. Documents from the council include Acts of the Council, and the writings of Vigilius. The council created it’s own eleven chapters. Soon after the Pope is allowed to return to Rome, but only after he is forced to condemn the three chapters. He dies on his journey home. This council was accepted by the west. Some groups separated from the Church.
This council dealt with Monothelitism or the belief that Christ has only one divine will. Around 175 bishops attended this council. The council made the conclusion that Jesus has both a human and divine will.
This council dealt with Iconoclasm or the idea that destroying all images, monuments, and icons is very important. Around 300 bishops attended this council. The council decided having reverence or respect for pictures and icons is permitted.
This council dealt with the Photian Schism. People split over defending Bishop Photius or criticizing him. Around 110 bishops attended this council. This council was unsuccessful, and after this no more councils were held in the East.
Also know as the Great Schism. It started when Pope Leo IX and Patriarch Michael I excommunicated each other. The biggest dispute was over papal authority between the Pope and the four Patriarchs, were each group claimed they had rule over the other. Smaller disputes included, different liturgical practices, adjustments to the Nicene Creed, and disagreements over jurisdiction. The church split in two leaving the Western Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy. The break has never been healed, and some smaller groups have switched sides. It has left a huge impact over our faith by creating more protestant faiths, and creating a bigger division between the different Catholic Churches.
The Ascension is when Jesus ascended into heaven. Before Jesus went to heaven he taught the Apostles and his disciples about the Kingdom of God for 40 days. It happened on Pentecost.
The Resurrection is when Jesus rose from the dead. It is one of our main beliefs as Catholics. It is a very important part of the Nicene Creed.
Paul is blinded by a bright light and is spoken to by Jesus. He is immediately converted to Christianity. Later he becomes a huge figure in the Acts of the Apostles.
Paul was condemned to death by emperor Nero. He died from decapitation.
Peter was crucified upside down. He was condemned to death by Roman authorities.
Inigo of Loyola was born in 1491 in the Basque country of northern Spain. Ignatius died on July 31, 1556 at the age of 64. He is the patron saint of Basque Country, Military Ordinate of the Philippines, Society of Jesus, soldiers, educators and education. His symbols are his personal journal, a sword, and knights armor. He had one leg amputated after it got destroyed by a cannonball.
St. Ignatius was canonized on July 27, 1609 by Paul V
St. Ignatius was canonized on March 12, 1622 by Gregory XV
Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton was born in America in 1774. She died in 1821 at the age of 46. She is the patron saint of in-law problems, against the death of children, widows, and the death of parents. She is the co founder of the Catholic School System In America. Her symbols are a pink flower, a book, a school, a rosary, a Bible, and wheat.
Bishop John Neumann was born in 1811, in Europe. He died in 1860 at the age of 48. He was the Bishop of Philadelphia. He moved to America because he wanted to become a priest, but Europe had too many. He is the patron saint of Boy scouts, Philadelphia, and Catholic Schools. One of his symbols is the water lily.
Bishop John Neumann was Beatified by Pope Paul VI on October 31, 1932
St. Elizabeth Ann Seton was Beatified by Pope John XXIII on March 17, 1963
St. Elizabeth Ann Seton was Canonized by Pope Paul VI on September 14, 1975
Bishop John Neumann was Canonized 1977 by Pope Paul VI on July 19, 1977.