Religion History

Events

St. Peter is Pope

32 AD - 67 AD

As the leader of the leader of the twelve Apostles Jesus made Peter the first Pope. Peter is our rock. Peter spread the word of God to not just jews, but to all people.

The Resurection of Jesus

33 AD

The Resurection is the Sunday after Good Friday when Jesus rose from the dead. The Resurection is a very important part of our faith, and was unexpected for some. After seeing Jesus defeated no one assumed that he could rise from the dead. It was an amazing event in our faith's history.

The Ascension

33 AD

The Ascension take place 40 days after the death of Jesus. Jesus appeared to the Apostles many times and told them about the Kingdom of God. Jesus also told Peter to remain chief shepard of the Church.

Paul's Conversion

Approx. 35 AD

Paul's conversion begins when Jesus appeared to him in a bright light. "Saul, Saul! Why do you persecute me?" (9:4) Jesus talked to Paul, and sent him to be baptised. Paul became an Apostle and started spreading the word of God.

The Council of Jerusalem

Approx. 50 AD

The Council of Jerusalem takes place in 50AD after Paul became an Apostle. The Council of Jerusalem was when there was a disagreement over weather or not the Gentiles had to follow Moses' requirments before they could become Christians.

The Gospel of Mark

Approx. 65 AD - 70 AD

The Gospel of Mark was written as one of the earliest Gosepels. Marked deemed it was necessary to produce a written record of Jesus: who he was, what he did, what he taught. Mark mostly wrote for the Roman followers of Jesus.

Paul Martyred in Rome

Approx. 65 AD

Paul Martyred in Rome took place after Paul's third missionary journey. Pauls was arrested by the Romans, and tooken back to Rome. Two years later Paul lost his case and was beheaded for spreading the word of God.

Peter Martyred in Rome

Approx. 67 AD

Peter Martyred in Rome was tooken place in 67 AD. Peter being the leader of the tweleve Apostles spread the word of God to all different kinds of people. Because of this he was Martyred for sharing his faith with others. In Rome Peter was crucified similar to Jesus and died.

St. Linus (second Pope)

67 AD - 76 AD

After Peter and Paul found and set the church in order they the exercise of the episcopal office to Linus. Linus also issued a decree with Peter that women shold have their heads convered in church. Linus was Pope for a shorter period of time than Peter was too.

St. Anacletus Cletus (third Pope)

76 AD - 88 AD

St. Anacletus was the second successor of Peter. In his time he ordained a certain number of priests that we don't exactly know. He also died a martyr like Peter.

The Gospel of Luke

Approx. 80 AD - 85 AD

The Gospel of Luke may come closest to the one most people envision portraits of Jesus. Luke's Gospel was written for people much like himself. Luke was a Greek convert who wrote for the Gentiles. In Luke, we encounter the most masterful writer of the New Testament.

The Gospel of Matthew

Approx. 80 AD

The Gospel of Matthew has an auidnece completely different than the auidence in Mark's Gospel. Matthew writes to Antioch and Syria. "...it was in Antioch that the disciples were first called Christians." (Acts 11:26) Matthew is very intrested in Jesus' origins and launches into a rundown of his family tree.

St. Clement I (fouth Pope)

88 AD - 97 AD

St. Clement was the third successor of Peter. St. Clement saw the Apostles once and conversed with them, and yet had ringing in his ears the preaching of the Apostles and had their tradition before his eyes.

The Gospel of John

Approx. 90 AD

Entering into the Gospel of John is like entering into a whole new world. In the Gospel of John-John writes about Jesus' nobility and how he deals with individuals. In John's Gospel he makes it clear that he is talking about someone who humanity is undeniable, but posses another great nature: divinity.

St. Evaristus (fifth Pope)

97 AD - 105 AD

St. Evaristus was the fourth successor of Peter. He immediately followed St. Clement as Pope. Unlike the other Pope's he was Pope for eight years.

Edict of Milan

313 AD

In the Edict of Milan the Church faced threats internally and externally. The Church was struggling to keep unity. They were threatened by, the Romans, who were to declare war on Christians, who wanted a victory over all the rival religions. They later decided to create an authority based on bishop, canon, and the creed.

Council of Nicea

325 AD

In the Council of Nicea Jesus was viewed as a divine person, but was shown as less important than God. The Council then later decided that Jesus and God were made up of the same substance, and have been together since the moment of creation. The Council also made Sunday the official day known for Easter known along with releasing the Nicene Creed.

Council of Constantinople

381 AD

In the Council of Constantinople Jesus was divided by the aspects of being both a man and God. The Holy Spirit was also viewed as not God, and just a holy messenger of God. The Council decided that the Holy Spirit was truly divine and that they were a trinity including God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit. The Council also confirmed the teachings of the Council of Nicea finally once and for all.

Council of Ephesus

431

In the Council of Ephesus Mary was known to be called The Mother of God instead of The Mother of Christ. They wanted to change the fact that they were neglecting Jesus as being a man and God. In the end the Council decides that The Mother of God fits best showing that is both truly God and truly man.

Council of Chalcedon

451 AD

In the Council of Chalcedon there was a debate as whether or not Jesus’ divinity wiped out the fact that he was also known as truly man. In the end the Council decides that Jesus’ two natures work together as one in him.

Counci of Constantinople ll

553 AD

In Constantinople ll the book's Origen, Theodoret of Mopsuestia, and Ibas of Edessa were found to have errors in them. Their dogmas needed to be reconfirmed from the third and fourth general council. In the end they are reconfirmed.

Council of Constantinople lll

680 AD - 681 AD

In Constantinople lll the thought that Christ only has one will was brought forth to discuss. Like in the first Council of Constantinople Jesus is being debated as to whether, or not he is both fully divine and fully man. Even though in Constantinople one they decided that it is true he is both there are still some debates on parts of him that are or aren’t. In this council the final answer would be that Christ has both man and divine will.

Council of Nicea ll

787 AD

In the Council of Nicea ll the issue that was brought forth was the that all Holy images should be destroyed. Twenty two canons were given regarding the clergy. Holy images were not destroyed in the end. We should give honor to ones who are shown in the image, but not to give honor to the image itself. In the end Holy images were kept, so we could honor the ones pictured.

Eastern and Western Schism

1054 AD

In the Eastern-Western Schism the event that occurred was the splitting of Christianity into Western Roman Catholicism and the Eastern Orthodoxy. The Church split in many different ways that still haven’t healed years later.

Resources for Part 2

1055 AD

Ten Peak Moments of the Catholic Church PDF in 8th Grade Class Videos Folder (Edict/Councils)
http://www.catholic.org/prayers/councils.php
http://catholic-resources.org/ChurchDocs/EcumenicalCouncils.htm (Councils)
https://www.theopedia.com/great-schism (Eastern-Western Schism)

Saint. Kateri Tekawitha

1656 - 1680

Saint Kateri Tekawitha was born in the year 1656 and died on April 17, 1680. She was beatified by Pope John Paul ll and canonized on October 21, 2012. Saint Kateri Tekawitha is the patroness of the enviorment and ecology. She often shown or represented with a lily, cross, and a turtle. Saint Kateri Tekawitha was a Native American girl who converted to Catholicism at an early age and devoted herself to Christ. She was often shamed for her conversion by her family, but she in return prayed to God for the conversion of her own family and Native tribe. Saint Kateri Tekawitha is a great role model of how we should be devoted to Christ.

St. Mary Magdalene

1656 AD - 1680 AD

Saint Mary Magdalene birth and death dates are unknown, but she was born by the western shore of the sea of Galilee in the town of Magdala. She was canonized pre-congergational which mean before the canonization process was formed. Mary Magdalene is known as the patron saint of contemplative life, converts, glove makers, hairdressers, penitent sinners, people ridiculed for their pity, perfumeries, pharmacists, sexual temptation, tanners, and women. She is often seen with a box of ointment, a book, vase of sweet spices, crucifix, an open book, and a boat. She is known for having Jesus cast seven demons out of her and later following in the footsteps of Christ. She turned her life as a sinner around and worked towards being more united with Christ. We should work to be like Saint Mary Magdalene in our daily lives.

Saint Katharine Drexel

1858 AD - 1955 AD

Saint Katharine Drexel was born on November 26, 1858 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She was Beatified by Pope John Paul 11 on November 20, 1988 and later Canonized on October 1, 2001. Saint Katharine Drexel is the patroness of racial justice and philanthropists. She is often associated with a cross and a lily. Saint Katharine Drexel grew up in a wealthy family, but it didn't ever get in the way of her relationship with God. She grew up seeing her father spend thirty minutes in prayer each evening while her mother would often open the doors of there home to help those in need. She later in her life became a nun and became even more devoted to Christ. Saint Katharine Drexel is an excellent role model of our faith.