Church History

Events

Edict of Milan

313 AD

Eastern and Western Schism

1054 AD

Was the event that, what is now Eastern orthodox and Roman catholic churches, broke apart from each other.

Gospels

Each One of these events are the time period of when the Gospel writers wrote there chapter of the Gospels

The Gospel of Mark

Approx. 65 AD - Approx. 70 AD

He was the first Gospel writer; who wrote for Roman followers. His Jesus is shown as a man in a hurry. When you read his Gospel you'll see a Jesus who is easy to relate to and people would be very comfortable to talk to him. In his Gospel we meet the most human Jesus because he is a person whose feelings are much like ours.

The Gospel of Luke

80 AD - 85 AD

In Chapter Luke Wrote for Greek Gentiles. In the chapter he notes that Jesus' salvation is open to everyone. Luke sees Jesus as a friend who is gentle , forgiving, and compassionate. In it it contains the crucifixion and many parables that taught about how to be a Christian which was the main message that Luke tells us.

The Gospel of Matthew

Approx. 80 AD

This chapter is the most used in Catholicism written for the Gentiles. Matthew is very interested in Jesus' origins. He writes about Jesus' family tree. He wrote about the Nativity. He portrays Jesus' as a more reflective Jesus who has much to show and tell us.

The Gospel of John

Approx. 90 AD

John wrote to everyone . Jesus is shown as a very noble person who helps and inspires individuals. John wrote this to make it clear of Jesus' humanity although he is also God. Jesus is also shown as always being in control.

Jesus' events

The Ascension

33 AD

Jesus ascended into heaven body and soul, by his own power. He now sits at the right hand of the Father. He then sent the Holy Spirit to assist His Church. He now is present with us through daily mass, the eucharist, and through all sacrements and any forms of Prayer.

The Resurrection of Jesus

Approx. 33 AD

This occurs 3 days after the tragedy of Jesus dying on the cross. Jesus rises from the dead and descends into heaven. This is now the most important event for Catholic.

Saints and Martyrs

Paul's Conversion c. 35AD

Approx. 35 AD

Paul the Apostle persecuted early Christians and then became a follower of Jesus after Jesus came to him and asked him to spread the word. He accepted Jesus' request and devoted his life to Jesus.

Paul Martyred in Rome

Approx. 65 AD

According to the Acts of Paul, Paul was condemned to death by decapitation. This happened in Rome by a man called Nero.

Peter Martyred in Rome

Approx. 67 AD

Roman authorities sentenced him to death by crucifixion. He was crucified head down. His burial place was at the Basilica of Saint Peter, directly beneath the Basilica's altar.

Pope History

Pope St.Peter

32 AD - Approx. 67 AD

Peter was the first pope chosen by Jesus. He was pope for 35 years and was crucified upside down and today his bones lay underneath the high altar at St. Peters Basilica.

Pope St. Linus

Approx. 67 AD - Approx. 76 AD

Linus had some big shoes to fill in after filling in as Pope after the very First Pope Peter. His papacy ended when he died in 76 AD. Since he is a saint his feast day is on September 23.

Pope St. Anacletus

76 AD - Approx. 88 AD

He is the second successor of St. Peter. HIs feast day is april 26.

Pope St. Clement Iw

88 AD - Approx. 97 AD

He is the the third successor of Peter. His feast day is November 23. He is the patron saint of marble workers.

Pope St. Evaristus

97 AD - Approx. 105 AD

St. Evaristus is the fourth successor of Peter, being the fourth successor of St. Peter. his feast day is Oct. 26. .

Councils

The Council of Jerusalem

Approx. 50 AD

A council of the Christian apostles in Jerusalem that made sure Gentile Christians did not have to observe the Mosaic Law of the Jews.

Council of Nicaea

325 AD

This was the first worldwide council that was brought together to reinforce the the catholic teachings that was being protested by Arius. It reinstated that their is God is three persons in one. This councils outcome was very important because they made the Nicene creed.

Council of Constantinoplenic

381 AD

This council maintained all the heresys that were occuring. As a result this coucil stated that God is fully divine, and fully human.

Council of Ephesus

431 AD

This was the third council that took place in 431 AD and declared that the blessed virgin Mary was the mother of the Son of God. This is also expressed the teachings of how the Holy Spirit is in Jesus and God. As an outcome this made a strong base of what we believe today, that there are three persosns in one and that Mary was the son of God.

Council of Chalcedon

451

This council was called 20 years after the Council of Ephesus. 150 bishops came to this council to define that God is divine and human. The outcome of this council didnt make some people happy like a man name Eutyches disagreed so he was excommunicated.

Council of Constantinople II

553

This council was called to reinforce the teachings of the first four general councils. They called this because people were not agreeing with the four so they had to reinforce hteir teachings so they can agree.

Council of Constantinople III

680 - 681

This council defined God as having not just human will but divine will.

Council of Nicaea II

787

This councill wanted us to know that although there are many beautiful pictures and images of our faith but people were worshipping the painting itself and this council wanted to state that we should focus on God and not the painting.

St.Nicholas' Life

Feast Day Dec 6th
(Catholic Online)

Lifespan

Approx. 280 AD - December 6, 343 AD

Nicholas was born into a very wealthy family in the city of Patara, which is now present day Turkey.

Beatification/Canonization Dates

343 AD

St. Nicholas was canonized before the process of becoming a saint was created (Pre Chatecumate). Nicholas performed many miracles. HIs most famous one was when a man in his town had no money to support his 3 daughters who werent married due to their poverty. Nicholas didnt like this so one night he threw 3 bags of gold in to their windown and they lived a happy life. This is how Nicholas became known as Santa Claus. He also has many symbols such as a crozier, gold, anchor, books, shoes, etc. He is the patron saint of Children, Gifts

St. Elizabeth Ann Seton

Feast Day, January 4th
(Catholic Online)

Lifespan

August 28, 1774 - January 4, 1821

Beatification of Saint Elizabeth Ann Seton

March 17, 1963

Canonization

September 14, 1975

She is thepatroness of widows, against the death of children, and death of parents. She has quite a few symbols that include a pink flower, a book, a school, rosary, the bible and wheat. She was the first native-born American citizen to be canonized a saint. She is a very strong woman knowing that her husband died and one of her kids.

St. Catherine Drexel

Feast Day, March 3
(Catholic Online)

Lifespan

November 26, 1858 - March 3, 1955

Beatification

November 20, 1988

Canonization

October 1, 2000

KATHARINE DREXEL (1858-1955)

She was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on November 26, 1858. Drexel is the patroness of of racial justice and philanthropists. Drexel has a fascinating story of how she was truly converted. She went to Rome and the Pope (Leo) told her to becom a missionary. She was a little shocked, but she realized that was her calling, so she dicided to give up all her inheritance (a lot of money) to the poor and become devoted to God and help little Native American Kids.