As said in the bible "On the third day he rose again in accordance with the Scriptures."(Nicene Creed). Jesus had been killed by the Romans, but rose from the dead. He then told his disciples to preach the word of the bible.
The Ascension represents the end of Jesus' time on earth. God the father sent Jesus down to help the people on earth love God. "Therefore Jesus said, "For a little while longer I am with you, then I go to Him who sent Me." (John 7:33).
Paul Conversation is when God redirects Paul's path from ceasing early Christians to becoming a follower of Jesus. As said in the bible "He fell to the ground and heard a voice say to him, 'Saul, Saul, why do you persecute me?'”
“Who are you, Lord?” Saul asked.
“I am Jesus, whom you are persecuting,” he replied. (Acts 9:1-19)
Roman Emperors, Constantine and Licinius signed The edict of Milan which allowed religious toleration. The letter was made official in 313 AD but then ended shortly because of the emperor Diocletian who persecuted Christians. This is significant because Emperor Nero and the Romans was persecuting Christians because they were afraid that the Christians were going to take over Rome's religious beliefs. The Constantine had a vision from God that told him to paint the symbol of God on their shields and it will help them through battle. The soldiers then painted crosses on their shields and they won the battle. Then Constantine passed the Edict of Milan.
-The Eastern and Western Schism is how Christianity developed into two different branches in the Middle Ages. The Western Church of Rome later became the Roman Catholic Church. The Eastern Church is known as the Eastern Orthodox Church. When Pope Leo IX and Patriarch Michael I excommunicated each other it created the Eastern and Western schism. Pope Leo IX created the Western church with wanting to make the roman catholic church the heart of all Christianity. Patriarch Michael I then created the Eastern Orthodox with believing, since Jesus is the head of the church, they feel that they cannot share his Eucharist.
Paul's death occurred after his fifth missionary journey ended in 67 A.D. Paul was said to be beheaded by the Romans, under Emperor Nero.
Tradition tells us that when Peter died as a martyr. When he was given the choice of how he should die, he said, “I’d like to be crucified up-side-down because I am unworthy to die as my Lord died.” (Matthew 14:28-30).
Mark's writings was the first Gospel and was written for the Gentiles and non-Jewish Catholics. Mark portrayed in this Gospel to the readers that Jesus was the King. One of his themes for his writings is the messianic secret. His Gospel was also the shortest and most action-packed.
Matthew's writings was the second Gospel and was written for the Jewish Christians. In this Gospel Jesus is portrayed as the Servant. This Gospel also has a very large account of Jesus' teachings and is said to be one of the most authentic and fundamental doctrine of the Christian religion.
Luke's writings was the third Gospel and written for the Greek Gentiles. In this Gospel Jesus is portrayed as the son of man. It tells us about the origins, birth, ministry, atonement, death, resurrection, and ascension of Jesus Christ. It also shows us how to be a good Christian.
John's writings was the first Gospel and was written for everyone. John wrote this Gospel because he wanted his readers to “believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God,” (John 20:31). In this Gospel Jesus is portrayed as the son of God.
Saint Peter's original name was Simon. Among Jesus' apostles, Peter was a leader. Saint Peter was also a martyr and died on the cross upside down because he thought he was not worthy of dying the same way as Jesus.
After the apostles, Peter and Paul founded and set the church in order in Rome, they gave over the exercise of the episcopal office to Linus. Linus was also mentioned in (Timothy 4:21)." Make every effort to come to me before winter. Eubulus sends you greetings, as do Pudens, Linus, Claudia, and all the brothers."
Pope Saint Anacletus succeeded Saint Linus. As Pope he ordained a lot of priest. There also was a lot of conservancy about if Pope saint Clement I was Pope before Anacletus. Saint Anacletus was said to have split Rome into twenty five parishes and have a priest for each one.
Pope Saint Clement I was the first "Founding Father's" His feast day is celebrated on November twenty third. Saint Clement I was a disciple of saint Peter. Saint Jerome also used to say that in his time “most of the Latins” thought that Clement was the immediate successor of the Apostle.
In the Liberian Catalogue Pope Saint Evaristus' name is given as Aristus. In his “Ecclesiastical History” Eusebius says that he succeeded Clement in the episcopate of the Roman Church which was already said by Saint Irenæus.
Council of Jerusalem, a conference of the Apostles in Jerusalem. They announced that Gentile Christians did not have to observe the Mosaic Law of the Jews.
The Council of Nicaea was called by Emperor Constantine I, an unbaptized catchment, who asked the general council of the church if they could help him solve a problem in the Eastern Church. Arianism, a heresy first proposed by Arius of Alexandria, strongly believed that Christ is not divine but a created being. As a result they created the Nicene creed to signify the absolute equality of the Son with the Father.
The Council of Constantinople was held in Constantinople, modern day Turkey. It was called by Emperor Theodosius I, to try to unite a church that remained divided over the disagreement of Christ’s nature and his relationship with the Father. In the First Council of Nicaea they had already tried to make a decision, but Arianism and other heterodox understandings remained the same causing every region of the empire to not have an agreement.
The Council of Ephesus was called by Emperor Theodosius II at the request of Nestorius. Nestorius was a speaker who had been chosen by Theodosius II as Archbishop of Constantinople. Nestorius’ teaching about the nature of Christ, was creating a lot of controversy in the church. He had requested the council hoping to be able to prove his orthodoxy and silence his detractors. Two factions were disagreeing over whether or not to honor Mary. One Fraction thought they should not because that eternal being could not be born because of the two distinct natures. Nestorius, trying to make an agreement suggested that we called Mary the Bearer of God, because Christ was fully an and fully divine so Mary should be recognized for carrying such a miracle. As a result they agreed on calling Mary the Bearer of God, and they also condemned Nestorianism and excommunicated all the bishops who did not agree to the council’s decision.
The Council of Chalcedon was led by Dioscorus and supported by the Roman Emperor Theodosius II after the excommunication of a monk named Eutyches. Eutyches taught that after Christ incarnation, he had only one nature. Dioscorus and Emperor Theodosius III were disagreeing with those who held the orthodox view, that Christ has two natures, fully human and fully divine, which exist in hypothesis in The council of Ephesus. When news of the council reached Rome, Pope Leo immediately termed it a “robber council.” Leo Davis said that Nestorius taught that Christ had two natures before the Incarnation, one human and one divine, and then after the Incarnation these two natures became one.The council then came to an agreement that denied a single nature of Christ and confirmed that he has two natures, a human and a divine, which is in the hypothesis in his one person.
The council of Constantinople II was called by Emperor Justinian I, who was trying to accept those who sided with the decisions of The Council of Chalcedon, a hundred years before, and the Monophysites who did not. Emperor Justinian I issued an edict, that was later disapproved because they were thought to support Nestorius and his view of Christ’s human and divine natures being distinct rather than united.The edict was accepted in the east but not so easily in the west, because it appeared to cast doubt on the actions of the Council of Chalcedon. The council issued a sentence on Justinian I edict, and they also issued the fourteen anathemas which explained the rule of faith regarding Christ’s nature that had been established and agreed upon in previous councils.
The Council of Constantinople III was called by Emperor Constantine IV to try to settle further differences between the Eastern and Western church in the way they understood the nature of Christ’s will and power. The main conflict of the council was between two doctrines of monergism and monothelitism. The Council of Constantinople III finally confirmed the decisions of the first five councils and the creeds of Nicaea and Constantinople.
The Council of Nicaea II was a meeting in Nicaea, that was an attempt to resolve the Iconoclastic Controversy. This started in 726 when Emperor Leo III released a decree against the worship of icons. The council declared that icons deserved reverence and veneration but not adoration.
St. Jane Frances de Chantel was born in Dijon, France. Marguerite de Berbisey was her Mother and Bénige Frémyot was her Father.
St. Jane Frances de Chantal was married to Baronne de Chantal who was killed in a hunting acciedent. We know that he was born on January 28, 1572 but his day of death is unkown. After Baronne de Chantal was shot he said to the man,"Don't commit the sin of hating yourself when you have done nothing wrong,"(Catholic Online). It took St. Jane Frances de Chantal a long time for her to forgive that man so,"... first she tried just greeting him on the street. When she was able to do that, she invited him to her house. Finally she was able to forgive the man so completely that she even became godmother to his child,"(Catholic Online).
Jane Frances de Chantal died on a visitation of convents of the community.
Jane Frances de Chantal was Beatified November 21, 1751 in Rome by Pope Benedict XIV.
Jane Frances de Chantal was Canonized on July 16, 1767 in Rome by Pope Clement XIII.
St Jane Frances de Chantal feast day is December 12. She is also the Patron Saint of in-law problems, forgotten people, loss of parents, widows and parents separated from children.
St. Rose Philippine Duchesne was born in Grenoble, France. Her mother was Rose-Euphrosine Périer. Her father was Pierre-François Duchesne.
For fourteen years St. Rose Philippine Duchesne prepared for a missionary career. During this time she founded the first Sacred Heart convent in Paris. In 1818 she lead five nuns to be the first to pioneer U.S. territory west of the Mississippi. At St. Charles which was in Missouri, the nuns opened a free school and a boarding academy. In 1819 they founded an orphanage and a novitiate in Florissant, Missouri. Then in 1821 Two convent schools were founded in Louisiana, in Grand Coteau. Then St. Michael’s in 1825 and an academy and orphanage in St. Louis, Missouri in 1827. Finally St. Rose Philippine Duchesne went to the Indian mission at the Potawatomi in Sugar Creek, in 1841.
St. Marianne Cope was born in Heppenheim, Germany. Her mother was Barbara Witzenbacher. Her Father was Peter Koob.
Rose Philippine Duchesne died in Saint Charles, Missouri. She was buried in a crypt within a small shrine on the convent grounds of her Shrine of St. Rose Philippine Duchesne.
In 1883 St. Marianne Cope received a plea for help from leprosy sufferers in Hawaii. King Kalakaua sent a letter asking for aid in treating patients who were isolated on the island of Moloka'i. So St. Marianne Cope left Syracuse with six sisters to attend to the sick, and arrived on November 8, 1883. St. Marianne Cope ended up working many hard years with the lepers. Eventually her work became very hard for her frail body and had to get a wheelchair. "Despite this limitation, she continued to work tirelessly. Many noticed that despite all her years of work she never contracted leprosy herself, which many regarded as a miracle in itself,"(Catholic Online).
St. Marianne Cope died in Kalaupapa, HI. She rests in the Cathedral Basilica of Our Lady of Peace.
St. Rose Philippine Duchesne was Beatified on May 12, 1940, in Vatican City, by Pope Pius XII.
St. Rose Philippine Duchesne was Canonized on July 3, 1988, in Vatican City, by Pope John Paul II.
St. Marianne Cope was Beatified on May 14, 2005 in Saint Peter's Basilica, Vatican City by Pope Benedict XVI.
St. Marianne Cope was Canonized on October 21, 2012, in Vatican City by Pope Benedict XVI.
St. Rose Philippine Duchesne Feast day is November 18. She is also the Patron saint of perseverance amid adversity and Diocese of Springfield-Cape Girardeau.
St. Marianne Cope Feast Day is January 23. She is also the Patron saint of lepers, outcasts, those with HIV/AIDS, the Hawaii.