Church History

History of the Chruch

The Ascension

33 AD

After Jesus died on the cross, resurrected, and came to the disciples, he finally rose to heaven on the fourteenth day of Easter. By the Ascension, Jesus fully enters heaven, and opened the gates of heaven, so we could all live eternally with God.

The Resurrection of Jesus

33 AD

Three days after Jesus was crucified, he resurrected from the dead, as he said he would earlier in the Bible, when he tells of rebuilding the temple (himself) in three days. Mary Magdalene was the first to witness this miracle when she visited the tomb, and later the disciples witnessed Jesus after the miracle of the Resurrection, when Jesus showed himself to them many times, in many different forms.

Paul's Conversion

35 AD

As Saul was traveling to Damascus, he saw a bright light and was blinded. Saul then heard the voice of Jesus calling, " Saul, Saul why are you persecuting me?" When Saul got up from the ground he was led to Damascus and was unable to eat drink or see for three days. The Lord told his disciple Ananias to find Saul, and take his message to him. Ananias went to Saul layed hands on him and Saul was able to see. Saul was then Baptized.

The Gospel of Mark

Approx. 65 AD - Approx. 70 AD

Mark wrote his gospel roughly 30 years after Jesus' death. Mark was writing to the Gentiles or the non-Jewish. During this time, many Christian leaders were being killed, and Marks gospel was written to record the history of this time, so it wouldn't get lost in later generations. In Marks gospel, he portrayed Jesus as always moving to different places, and an emotional man, who expressed much suffering and pain. Jesus was portrayed this was to connect with the Gentiles who were also suffering at this time.

Paul Martyred in Rome

Approx. 65 AD

After Paul's third missionary, he was arrested by Romans. As a Roman citizen he was able to try to defend himself in front of the emperor. While he was there he stilled tried to continue his ministry work, but after two years he lost his case and was beheaded. He died as one of the early Christian martyrs.

Peter Martyred in Rome

Approx. 67 AD

During Peter's time as Pope, many Christian leaders were being killed. As the leader of all Christians, many wanted Peter dead. They crucified Peter, but as a follower of Jesus, Peter felt unworthy to die the same way Jesus died. Peter was then crucified upside down, and died as one of the early Christian martyrs.

The Gospel of Luke

Approx. 80 AD - Approx. 85 AD

Luke's gospel was written for the Greek Gentiles, because he himself was a convert, on how to be a good Christian. Luke wrote his gospel to try and help the Greek-Christians who had converted from Greek Gentiles who needed direction in their lives. Luke portrayed Jesus as an affectionate, and merciful man. This was shown through many parables, to help the Greek Christians understand Jesus' understanding and loving ways.

The Gospel of Matthew

Approx. 80 AD

Matthew wrote his gospel for the Jewish Christians, as they pondered the thought of Jesus being the Messiah. In Matthews bible, he emphasizes Jesus; connections with being the Messiah, and identify s Jesus as a very reflective teacher.

The Gospel of John

Approx. 90 AD

John wrote his gospel for everyone. This gospel was written because of the conflict that was going on between the Christian communities, and John wanted to help spread peace throughout the Christians. In this gospel, Jesus was presented as part of the Trinity, and as Gods son. Jesus understands all.

Early Popes of the Catholic Church

Pope St. Peter

32 AD - 67 AD

Pope Peter, was first just a fisherman named Simone. Simone then met Jesus, who called him Peter. Peter was always one of Jesus' closest disciples, who was with him on very many special occasions. Later, Jesus calls Peter "the rock" meaning he wanted Peter to be the foundation of the church. Peter then became the first Pope. Peter carried on in his position as the leader of all the Christians, until he was executed in Rome for his beliefs.

Pope St. Linus

67 AD - 76 AD

Not much is known about Pope St. Linus, although we celebrate his feast day on September 23.

Pope St. Anacletus

76 AD - 88 AD

Not much is known about Pope St. Anacletus, but he died a martyr, after 13 years as Pope.

Pope St. Clement I

88 AD - 97 AD

Pope St. Clement I, is told to have to have been ordained by St. Peter, early on in his ministry work. It is said that Pope St. Clement I, converted over 400 people, and built 75 churches. These acts of faith, were punished, and he was martyred. The church of Pope St. Clement is in the valley of the Esquiline and Coelian hills.

Pope St. Evaristus

97 AD - 105 AD

Very little is known about Pope St. Evaristus. He was buried in the Vatican, near Pope St. Peter, and we celebrate his feast day on October 26.

Councils of the Church

The Council of Jerusalem

Approx. 50 AD

Paul was part of The Council of Jerusalem. The Council said that Gentiles had to obey the Mosaic law.

Edict of Milan

313 AD

The Edict of Milan was a religious proclamation, decided upon in Milan, that allowed people to worship the religion of their choice in the Roman empire. This proclamation gave Christians many of the rights they were previously denied, including the right to create Christian churches.

Council of Nicaea

325 AD

This was a council of the Christian church which met in Nicaea was attended by 318 people some of whom were the Emperor Constantine and
Athanasius of Alexandria. This council advised many issues in the church, and resolved some of the issues after much contemplation. One of the large issues that evoked this council, was the heresy of Arius of Alexandria, that said that Jesus was not divine, but was created by God. The Council of Nicaea handled this heresy by deciding that Jesus was just as important as God, and they were part of each other. Other decisions made during the council was the decision that Easter would occur on Sunday, and created the Nicene Creed that announced that Jesus was equal to God, not more or less important.

Council of Constantinople

381 AD

This council met in Constantinople and was attended by Emperor Theodosius,
Pope Damasus, and the Cappadocian Fathers who were very important figures during this council. This council was called because Apollinarians and those who followed Macedonius said that the Holy Spirit was a divine follower of God but was not truly part of God. The council confirmed that the Holy Spirit was part of God in the Trinity, and that the Trinity was three persons in one.

Council of Ephesus

431 AD

This council was held in Ephesus, and was attended by the Cyril of Alexandria who was a very important figure in the Council of Ephesus. This council was called because Mary was being called the Mother of Christ, but people didn't think she should be called the mother of God because they didn't want the human part of Jesus to be forgotten. The council decided that Mary was "The Mother of God" and that Jesus was both human and divine.

Council of Chalcedon

451 AD

This council was held in in Chalcedon and was attended by Pope Leo the Great who was an important figure to this council and its decisions. This council was called for reasons that connected to the Council of Ephesus' final decisions. This council was called because some believed that Jesus had both a human side and a divine died, but his divine side overpowered his human side. The council ended with the decision that said that when Jesus was on earth, he was both human and divine, and both natures joined soundly.

Constantinople II

553 AD

This council was the second council to be held in Constantinople. This council was called because many were doubting the teachings of the teachings of the first four councils and thought the councils held many errors. After The Council of Constantinople was held, it was confirmed that the teachings of the first four councils, especially The Council of Chalcedon were right.

Constantinople III

680 AD - 681 AD

This council the third council held in Constantinople. This council was called because teachings about Jesus said that Christ only had one divine "will". After discussing this matter in the council, they came to a decision that Christ had a human and a divine will.

Nicaea II

787 AD

This was the second council held in Nicaea. This council was called because they were questioning if having images of God, Mary, angles etc. was against the 10 Commandments. After considering this, the council decided that pictures and icons were allowed.

Eastern and Western Schism

1054 AD

This council was called after Pope Leo IX and Michael Cerularius the Patriarch of Constantinople excommunicated each other. This schism was caused because of many disagreements between the two churches, the Western Roman Catholicism, and the Eastern Orthodoxy. Over a long period of time, both churches had many arguments over many different things. One such disagreement was over authority. The Roman Pope thought he should rule over the Western Christians and the Eastern Patriarchs, but the Eastern patriarchs thought they should have rule over the The Eastern Patriarchs and the Western Christians. Other controversies were over different beliefs of what form the liturgy should be, and other differences in marriage, what bread should be used for the Eucharist, and days of fasting.

Saints

St. Elizabeth of Hungary's Birth date

1207 A.D. - 1231

St. Elizabeth of Hungary was born in Hungary on July 7, 1207 to her parents King Andrew II and her mother Gertrude of Merania. St. Elizabeth of Hungary grew up in the royal family, but never acted better or more worthy than even the peasants. When She was betrothed to Ludwig, the King of Thuringia's son, She used her power and abundant resources, to care and aid the poor. One of her most famous miracles describes a time when, Elizabeth was taking loaves of bread to the poor. She would hide the loaves in her dress, so nobody would imprision her for "taking treasures from the castle." When Ludwig found out, he asked her to show him what she was hiding. When she lifted her cloak, roses fell to the ground in place of the bread. This miracle gave her one of her names, as the patron of bakers. St. Elizabeth of Hungary is also the patron of brides, beggars, charities, death of children, and many more. She also has many symbols which connect to her life of devotion to God. The bread basket symbolizes her generosity to the poor, roses represent the miracle of the bread turned to roses, a triple crown represents her role as a mother, a queen and a saint, and again there are many more symbols for St. Elizabeth of Hungary. On November 17, 1231, Elizabeth died in Hungary, at the age of 24. Just 4 years after her death Pope Gregory IX Canonized her on May 27, 1235.

http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=45

Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton

1774 - 1821

Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton was born on August 28, 1774 in New York. She was married to William Seton and had 5 kids. Sadly her husbands health failed and he died. After William died Elizabeth converted to Catholicism. Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton has many patronages, but because of this tough event in her life, she became the patron of Widows. Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton is also the patron of in-law problems because of the way her family turned away from her when she converted to Catholicisms. Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton is most famously known as the co-founder of the Catholic school system. This large impact on society made the Catholic school a symbol for St. Elizabeth. Another symbol correlated with Elizabeth is the bonnet she wears. This bonnet was worn when mourning after someone died. After Elizabeth became a widow, she founded her own order, and declared this bonnet be worn in place of a habit. Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton died at the age of 46, in 1821. Pope John XXIII declared her beatified in 1963, and canonized her on September 14, 1975.

https://setonparish.org/st-elizabeth-ann-seton-bio
http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=180

Mother Marianne Cope

1838 - 1918

St. Marianne Cope was born on January 3, 1838 in Germany. Marianne grew up in a Catholic family in Germany, but was called by God to serve the lepers in Hawaii. God promised her that if she went to work there she would never catch leprosy, and throughout her whole time working and caring for the lepers there, she was never diagnosed with leprosy. This is why Mother Marianne cope is known as the patron of lepers, Hawaii, and outcasts (because lepers were considered outcasts, and were forced to move away once diagnosed). Mother Marianne Cope died on August 9, 1918. She was beatified by Pope Benedict XVI on May 14, 2005, and was canonized by Pope Benedict XVI on October 21, 2012.

http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=7727