Religion Timeline

Events

Jesus' Resurrection

33 AD

After three days, Jesus is resurrected. Mary Magdalene and some other women discover the missing rock and proclaim the good news.

The Ascension

33 AD

Jesus ascends into Heaven. He rises up with His body and His soul into the clouds and towards Heaven

Paul's Conversion

Approx. 35 AD

Paul is on his way to imprison and murder Christians when he is blinded by a bright light. Then Paul hears a voice saying, “Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting me?” Paul is then converted and dedicates his life to God.

The Council of Jersusalem

Approx. 50 AD

The Council of Jerusalem is a conference of Christian Apostles who decided that Gentile Christians did not have to observe the Mosaic Law of the Jews. Peter told them that God makes no distinction between Gentile or Jew.

Paul Martyred in Rome

Approx. 65 AD

Paul was imprisoned in Rome, Italy two years before his martyrdom. He was later put to death after spending the last years of his life in confinement.

The Gospel of Mark

Approx. 65 AD - Approx. 70 AD

Jesus is depicted as a human. He faces the same struggles and fears as though He is only human. This is directed towards Gentiles.

Peter Martyred in Rome

Approx. 67 AD

Peter was crucified in Rome, Italy under Emperor Augustus Caesar. He was crucified upside down because he felt he was unworthy to be crucified the same way as Jesus.

The Gospel of Luke

Approx. 80 AD - Approx. 85 AD

Jesus is depicted as compassionate and forgiving. He focuses on Jesus forgiving those who have sinned against Him, or those who need forgiving in general. An example of this is the Good Samaritan. Luke’s audience is Greek Gentiles.

The Gospel of Matthew

Approx. 80 AD

Jesus is depicted as a teacher. He teaches those about God and is shown as the Messiah. Matthew is writing to Jews.

The Gospel of John

Approx. 90 AD

This Gospel shows Jesus as noble and divine. John wants his audience to see Jesus as divine and associated with The Father. John is writing to everyone.

The Edict of Milan

313 AD

After the death of the last apostle, the Church had many threats. Rome in particular wanted to stop the spreading of Christianity out of fear of its dominance over other religions. Rome declared war on the Church, which led to many persecutions of Christians. In the battle between Constantine and Maxentius in 312, Constantine had a vision of Christ that helped him to win the battle. He later met the emperor of the eastern half of the empire at Milan and they both agreed on a policy for complete religious tolerance. This allowed Christianity to become the favored religion under Constantine.

The Eastern and Western Schism

1054 AD

This event marked a break of communication. This was a “break of communication” between the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches. This break has lasted since around the 11th century. This was caused by both polictical and religious causes, which included the splitting of the Roman Empire. The crowing of Charlemagne also made relations between the East and West slowly break apart.

Popes

Pope Linus

Approx. 67 AD - Approx. 76 AD

Pope St. Anacletus

Approx. 76 AD - Approx. 88 AD

Pope St. Clement I

Approx. 88 AD - Approx. 97 AD

Pope St. Evaristus

Approx. 97 AD - Approx. 105 AD

Councils

Council of Nicaea

325 AD

This council was held in order to bring out the “true teaching of the Church”. It presented the teaching of the church the declared the Divinity of God the Son to be the same substance as God the Father. This means that God the Father and God the Son are one and the same. It was from this council that we have the Nicene Creed.

Council of Constantinople

381 AD

This council was held to settle the heresy over whether the Holy Spirit was a part of the Trinity. They said that the Holy Spirit was not a messenger of God, but rather one and the same, thus making up the Trinity. They added onto the Nicene Creed so that it declared that the Holy Spirit proceeded from the Father and the Son.

The Council of Ephesus

431 AD

This council was held to settle the heresy of Nestorius. The council confirmed that the Blessed Virgin was the Mother of God. The council also presented the teaching of the truth of the “one divine person in Christ”.

The Council of Chalcedon

451 AD

This council was held to answer the Eutychian or Monophysite heresy and affirm the doctrine of two natures in Christ. This council was a result of the growing controversy among the early theologians. They were led into error by a confused idea of being both God and man.

Saints

Saint Hermione of Ephesus

117 AD

Although St Hermione's birth date is unknown, she died in 117 AD. She was precongregation, which meant that she was canonized before the steps were put into place. She also does not have any patronages, but is a martyr of Ephesus. She was told to renounce Christ, and when she refused she was struck in the face several times, all of which she endured happily. She was released after this failed, but was later brought back by another man. They beat her, pierced her feet with nails, and put her in a boiling pot of lead, tar, and brimstone. But these attempts failed as the fire in the pot went out and Hermione remained unharmed. Still not satisfied, she was placed on a skillet, but remained neutral and sang praises to God the entire time. She was sentenced to be beheaded, but when they went to chop off her head, their hands withered and they asked her to pray for them. She died a martyr in 117 AD. Her feastday is September 4.

Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton

1774 AD - 1821 AD

Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton was born in 1774 in the United States and was canonized in 1995 as the first U.S. born saint to be canonized. St Elizabeth Ann Seton is the patroness of widows and death of parents. Elizabeth was a widowed mother of five who converted to Catholicism and became a nun. She is held responsible for co-founding the Catholic school system in the United States. She died in 1821 and her feastday is celebrated January 4.

Mother Katharine Drexel

1858 AD - 1955 AD

Mother Katharine Drexel was born in 1858 AD in the United States. She was canonized in 2000 by Pope John Paul II. Mother Katharine Drexel is the patroness of racial justice and philanthropists. She was a wealthy heiress from Philadelphia who gave away all her money in order to help the poor Native and African Americans. She is remembered for opening schools and a university. She died in 1955 and her feastday is celebrated on March 3.