Church History Timeline

Events

The Ascension

33 AD

Jesus' departure from Earth to Christ in heaven.

Resurrection of Jesus

33 AD

Jesus rises from the dead on Easter Sunday.

Paul's Conversion

Approx. 35 AD

When Paul is struck by a light from the heavens and God asks him "Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting me?". After this event happens Paul is blinded from it and is cured. He eventually converts to Christianity and preaches of Jesus' words.

The Council of Jerusalem

Approx. 50 AD

A delegation formed by Paul and Barnabas, was appointed to confer with the elders of Jerusalem.

Paul Martyred in Rome

Approx. 65 AD

Paul was beheaded in Rome. He died for his faith.

Peter Martyred in Rome

Approx. 67 AD

Peter was nailed to a cross and died. He died for his faith.

Edict of Milan

313

A letter issued by the Roman Emperors that proclaimed religious toleration in the Empire of Rome. This was made because the church was recieving threats after the deaths of the last apostle. These threats were mainly about people threatening to bring disintegration to the church externally and internally. The Christians wanted overall control over Rome to be the dominant religion and the only religion, Rome disagreed and brought the Christians to war. Later on, Constantine wins the battle and brought victory to Christ. This sparked the policy of the Edict of Milan which said that Christianity was the official religion of the church

East-West Schism

1054 AD

The East-West Schism was an event that divided Christianity into Western Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy. Normally dated at 1054, when Pope Leo IX and Patriarch Michael I excommunicated the other, the schism was the result of an extended period of estrangement between two bodies of the Church.

St. Kateri Tekakwitha

1656 - April 17th, 1680

Beatification: June 22nd, 1980
Canonization: October 21st, 2012
Patronages: Environment, ecology, orphans
Symbols: a lily, a turtle
Story: Her tribe took it very harshly that she converted to Christianity, and they even rejected her. However, her love for God was greater than her people's hate for her. She converted to Christianity even though they told her not to.

St. Elizabeth Ann Seton

August 28th, 1774 - January 4th, 1821

Beatification date: March 17th, 1963
Canonization date: September 14th, 1975
Feast day: January 4th
Symbols: a nun’s habit, the american flag
Patronages: Catholic schools, widows, in-law problems, death of parents, students
Story: Elizabeth Ann Seton's family also didn't take it well that she was converting to Christianity. They also rejected her and sort of shunned her for becoming a Christian. She didn't mind though, since her faith in God was greater than what her family thought. She eventually along with John Neumann created the Catholic diocese.

St. John Neumann

March 28th, 1811 - January 5th, 1860

Precongregational saint
Canonization: 1977
Patronage: Catholic Education
Symbols: priest with a chalice
Story: John Neumann really wanted to be a priest when he was in his twenties, but it was very difficult since every time he wrote to bishops in Europe asking to be a priest, they all turned him down. So it was very difficult for him to become a priest. Fortunately, a bishop in New York agreed to make him a priest.

Gospels

The Gospel of Mark

Approx. 65 AD - 70 AD

Mark's gospel is the shortest, because at the time Romans were persecuting Christians and hunting them down. Jesus is portrayed as a very emotional human, someone with human emotions and lives life like us, with our emotions. He wrote to the Gentiles.

The Gospel of Luke

Approx. 80 AD - 85 AD

A lot like Mark's side of Jesus, Luke wrote about him as being a compassionate and forgiving person. Luke also focused on Jesus' relationship with the women of Jerusalem and the Holy spirit. He wrote to Greek Gentiles.

The Gospel of Matthew

Approx. 80 AD

In the gospel of Matthew, Jesus is depicted as a teacher. He was also writing towards Antioch and Syria. He wrote to the Jews.

The Gospel of John

Approx. 90 AD

John wrote of a divine, noble, majestic Jesus. He was writing towards the Hebrews/Jews. He wrote to everyone in Jerusalem, which started the Council of Jerusalem

Councils

Council of Nicea

325 AD

This is the first Ecumenical Council of the Church, it was held to bring out the true teaching of the Church as opposed by the heresy of Arius. It presented the teaching of the Church declaring the divinity of God the Son to be one in substance and in nature with God the Father.

Council of Constantinople

381 AD

The true faith was maintained against the Arians. The answer was also given against the Apollinarian and Macedonian heresies. In answering the latter that denied the Godhead, the Dogma of the Church was stated and the words inserted in the Nicene Creed declaring the truth that the Holy Spirit came from both the Father and the Son.

Council of Ephesus

431 AD

The third Council of the Church defined the Catholic Dogma that the Blessed Virgin is the Mother of God and presented the teaching of the truth of one divine person in Christ. The Council converted due to the heresy of Nestorius.

Council of Chalcedon

451 AD

Held 20 years afrer the third council, this was the answer to the Eutychian or Monophysite heresy and affirm the doctrine of the 2 natures in Jesus Christ. This was a result of the growing controversy with the early Theologians who were led into error by an idea of the one divine person being both God and man/there being two natures, human and divine, in one person of the Word.