Church History Timeline

Events

Resurrection of Jesus

33 AD - January 8, 0033

Three days before this Jesus was crucified. On this day he rose from the dead and saved all of the world from sin.

The Ascension

33 AD - February 9, 0033

40 days after Jesus rose from the dead he Ascended into Heaven. Before he Ascended into Heaven Jesus gave instruction to the Apostles through the Holy Spirit to spread the word of God.

Paul's Conversion

Approx. 35 AD

Paul was a soldier who persecuted Christians, but then he was blinded by God who said "Saw, Saw why do you persecute me?" After this Paul was converted to be a Christian. Paul went all around the world preaching the word of God, and is now known as won of the greatest disciples of all time.

The Council of Jerusalem

Approx. 50 AD

At this Council of Jerusalem the Apostles and some presbyters gathered together and proclaimed that the Gentiles did not have to follow the Mosaic law of the Jews. This was because the Gentiles were not of Jewish faith.

Paul Martyred in Rome

Approx. 65 AD

After many years of preaching the word of God Paul is martyred in Rome. The Bible does not state how Paul died all that is known is that he was martyred in the year 65AD.

Peter Martyred in Rome

Approx. 67 AD

Peter was martyred in Rome in 67AD. He claimed that he was not worthy to die as Jesus did because initially they were going to crucify him the traditional way. Paul was then crucified upside down instead of right side up.

Edict of Milan

313 A.D.

The Edict of Milan was an agreement between Constantine and the emperor of the eastern part of Rome's empire. The agreement was that there would be complete tolerance of the Catholic religion in the Roman Empire. After the Edict happened the Catholic rose to power throughout Rome.

The Eastern Western Schism

1054 A.D.

The Eastern and Western Schism was the split of Catholicism into two groups. These two groups were Western Catholicism also known as Roman Catholicism, and Eastern Orthodoxy. The split was do to the long unrest, and dislike the two groups held for each other. The main reason for the split was the that the Roman Pope thought that he ruled over the four Eastern patriarchs. The four eastern patriarchs on the other hand stated that the Patriarch of Rome was only honery and there for show. The four Patriarchs also stated that the Roman Pope should only have authority over over the Western Christians. In conclusion The Eastern and western Schism was the result of a dispute between the Roman Pope and the Four patriarchs who were of the cities, Alexandria, Antioch, Constantinople, and Jerusalem.

http://www.catholic.org/prayers/councils.php

The Gospels

Gospel of Mark

Approx. 65 AD - 70 AD

The Gospel of Mark was written to Gentiles (Christians who did not convert from the Jewish faith). It is the shortest because it was written so that there was record of Jesus. It was written like this because after Paul and Peter were martyred people thought that the faith would die out. Jesus was portrayed with strong emotions in this Gospel as an attempt to connect to the Christians of that time.

The Gospel of Mark

Approx. 80 AD

Matthew was trying to write to the Jewish Christians because he was trying to increase the amount of Christians. Matthew also wrote this gospel because at the time people had started to say things that weren't true about Jesus, so he wrote this gospel to clear things up. In this Gospel Jesus is portrayed as a decedent of Abraham and emphasizes that he is the Messiah and a teacher.

The Gospel of Luke

Approx. 80 AD - Approx. 85 AD

The Gospel of Luke was written for the Greek Gentiles. Luke wrote this Gospel to help guide these new Greek converts, and show them how to act in the faith. In this Gospel Jesus is portrayed as a very compassionate and forgiving person. Luke is the only gospel writer to include parables of forgives in his writing. Luke shows that the faith is for everybody not just the Jewish people, and is the only writer to mention outcast.

The Gospel of John

Approx. 90 AD

The gospel of John is very different from all the other Gospels because it is written for everybody, and is not directed toward a certain group of people. The Church is not being persecuted as much anymore, but the Jewish and Gentile Christians were conflicting with each other, so John was writing this gospel to try to break the tension between the two groups. In the Gospel of John Jesus is highly portrayed as divine, and the mystery of the Incarnation is emphasized.

Popes

Pope St. Linus

Approx. 67 AD - Approx. 76 AD

Pope St. Anacletus

Approx. 76 AD - Approx. 88 AD

Pope St. Clemont

Approx. 88 AD - Approx. 97 AD

Pope St. Evaristus

Approx. 97 AD - Approx. 105 AD

Councels

Council of Nicaea

325 A.D.

The Council of Nicaea addressed the debate about whether Jesus was God, or if Jesus was below God. This was thought by the Arians who thought that Jesus wasn't fully Divine. This is considered heresy. The important leaders at the Council were Constantinople and Athanasius of Alexandra. The Council resolved the this matter and stated that Jesus is of the same being or substance of God, and has been with God since the creation of time. Also at this council the Nicaean Creed was written, and Sunday was the day chosen to celebrate Easter.

http://catholic-resources.org/ChurchDocs/EcumenicalCouncils.htm

The Council of Constantinople

381 A.D.

The Council of Constantinople addressed the heresy that the Apolliarians were stating.As well as the heresy that was stated by people who followed Arianism. The Apollinarians stated that the divine and human parts of Jesus were separate. Another thing that was addressed was the belief by Arianism and followers of Macedonius the people said that the Holy Spirit was a messenger of God, but he wasn't God himself. The verdict of The Council of Constantinople was that the Holy Spirit is fully divine and part of the Trinity. Also the verdict of The Council of Nicea was Reinstated and expanded. This was directed toward the Apollinarians who had stated that the divine and Human parts of Jesus are separate.

http://catholic-resources.org/ChurchDocs/EcumenicalCouncils.htm

The Council of Ephesus

431 A.D.

The Council of Ephesus addressed whether Mary should have the title of “mother of God” or the title of “Mother of Christ .” A group by the name the Nestorians had stated that Mary should be called the “Mother of Christ” because then Jesus’ humanity would be recognized or shown. This was because if Mary was titled the “Mother of God” then they thought that it would seem like Jesus wasn’t both fully God and human, but just God. The verdict of the Council was that Mary’s title would be “The Mother of God,” also at the council they all confirmed yet again that Jesus had both divine and human Nature, and that the two nature were united through him. The main leader at this Council was Cyril of Alexandria.

http://catholic-resources.org/ChurchDocs/EcumenicalCouncils.htm

The Council of Chalcedon

451 A.D.

A group that went by the name Monophysites were at the time stating that Jesus’ divine nature overtook his human nature therefore his Divinity replaced his human nature. This was heresy and in the Council of Chalcedon St. Pope Leo the Great corrected the confusion and it was stated that both the divine and human parts of Jesus were whole, and united in him.

http://catholic-resources.org/ChurchDocs/EcumenicalCouncils.htm

Saint Teresa of Calcutta

Date of Birth

August 26, 1910

Date of Death

September 5, 1997

Beatification of Mother Teresa

October 19, 2003

Canonization of Mother Teresa

September 4, 2016

Gonxha Agnes. The that was name given to a baby girl at her baptism in the city Skopje. Nobody new at the time, but this young child would go on to become one of the most influential people in the 20th century. Gonxha Agnes was born on August 26, 1910 to the parents Nikola and Drana Bojaxhiu. Gonxha left her home when she was 18 to pursue to vocation to become a nun. Gonxha joined the Institute of the Blessed Virgin Mary, and received her official name, Sister Mary Teresa. She was then sent to Calcutta, India where she started her work. In 1950 Teresa’s new establishment the Missionaries of Charity was made official in the Archdiocese of Calcutta. Teresa would go on to establish many other congregations in Calcutta, and help people who were in poverty all around the world. She quickly was noticed by people around the world because of her hard work and strong devotion to Jesus. In 1979 Mother Teresa was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her work. She died in 1997 and was Canonized on September 4, 2016. She is the patron saint of the archdiocese of Calcutta, and she shares being the patron of world Youth Day with Saint Pope John Paul II. Her most famous symbol the white and blue striped Sari that her convent is so well known for today.

http://www.vatican.va/news_services/liturgy/saints/ns_lit_doc_20031019_madre-teresa_en.html