Church History Timeline

Events

Jesus

The Ascension

33 AD - February 9, 0033

The Ascension is when Jesus rose up to Heaven. He rose up body and soul on the third day according to scripture.

Resurrection of Jesus

33 AD - January 5, 0033

The Resurrection of Jesus was when Jesus rose on the third day and appeared to Mary Magdalene.

Paul

Paul's Conversion

Approx. 35 AD

Paul’s conversion happened when he was going to kill christians because he thought that christians were trying to undo common law. He was blinded by a bright light and a voice said “Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting me?” He then becomes the most bold missionary of Christ.

Paul Martyred in Rome

Approx. 65 AD

Paul was beheaded. He stayed in Rome for two years before he was executed.

Gospels

The Gospel of Mark

Approx. 65 AD - 70 AD

Mark wrote to Gentiles. Mark showed Jesus’ more human side in his Gospel.

The Gospel of Matthew

Approx. 80 AD

Matthew wrote to the Jewish people of his time. Matthew’s Jesus was a teacher.

The Gospel of Luke

Approx. 80 AD - 85 AD

Luke also wrote to Gentiles. Jesus was shown as compassionate in Luke’s Gospel.

The Gospel of John

Approx. 90 AD

John’s version of Jesus was noble, divine and majestic. However the audience John is writing to is everyone.

Councils

The Council of Jerusalem

Approx. 50 AD

There was an argument that Gentiles had to follow Mosaic law before they could be Christians. Peter said that God doesn’t see a difference between a Gentile and a Jew. We believe that we are saved through the grace of Jesus Christ.

Council of Nicaea

325 AD

The argument was that Jesus was divine but less than God because there “was a time when he was not”. The church ruled that Jesus is of the same substance of God and not inferior to God because he is God. The church also said that Jesus was the Father from the moment of creation.

Council of Constantinople I

381 AD

The argument of the first Council of Constantinople was that the Holy Spirit was not fully divine, but a divine messenger. The conclusion was that the Holy Spirit was also fully divine, like Jesus.

Council of Ephesus

431 AD

The argument was that Mary was considered the “Mother of Christ”, not the “Mother of God”. The conclusion was that Mary was the “Mother of God” because Jesus is fully divine and fully human, so He is God.

Council of Chalcedon

451 AD

The argument was that, even though Jesus is fully divine and fully human, but He has only one nature. The council came to the conclusion that Jesus had two natures and they were united into His one person.

Council of Constantinople II

553 AD

The issue was that Origen, Theodoret, Theodore of Mopsuestia, and Ibas of Edessa were making false claims against the Church. The conclusion was that the 4 previous Councils were true and were reconfirmed.

Council of Constantinople III

680 AD - 681 AD

The argument for the third Constantinople Council was that people believed that Jesus had only one divine “will” and no human “will”. The conclusion was that since Jesus was human and divine, He had both a human and divine “will”.

Council of Nicaea II

787 AD

The argument of the second Nicaea Council was that some believed that all images, stained glass windows, statues, etc. should be destroyed. The council came to the conclusion that stained glass windows, statues, images etc. could be permitted in the church.

Saints

Bl. Margaret of Castello

1278 AD - 1320 AD

She was born in 1278 and died in 1320. She was beatified on October 16, 1609. She has not been canonized yet. She is the patron of children of disability, the unwanted, the abandoned, and pro-life groups. A symbol of hers are pearls because of a miracle that happened after her death. The Dominican Fathers decided to preserve her heart because of all of the miracles that has been associated with her after her death. She always said she had something special in her heart. When the Fathers opened her heart, there were three pearl-like beads in her heart. People have thought the three pearls represented faith, purity and nobility.

Other

Peter Martyred in Rome

Approx. 67 AD

Peter was crucified. However, he was crucified upside down to be different from Jesus.

Edict of Milan

313 AD

As the church grew larger, the Romans were scared of the triumph of Christianity over all other religions. The Romans declared war on the Christians. As Christianity got bigger, so did the anger of the Romans. Constantine and Maxentius the 312 were the leaders of the war. Maxentius lead the Romans and Constantine lead the Christians. Constantine had a vision of Christ, who told him to give his soldiers shields with Christ’s monogram. The Christians won the war and Constantinople became the ruler of the west. After the war, Constantinople made Christianity acceptable in Rome and Christianity became the favored religion.

Eastern and Western Schism

1054 AD

The cause of the Schisms were the fights over papal authority. The pope said he had authority over the four eastern patriarchs. The patriarchs said that the pope had authority over western Christians. Also, people were concerned for the insertion of the filioque clause into the Nicene Creed. The resolution for these problems was to split into political, doctrinal, linguistic, geographic, and theological lines.