Religion Timeline

Early Church History

The Ascension

33 AD

Jesus is raised body and soul into heaven. He ascends to be in His final place with God.

Jesus' Resurrection

33 AD

Jesus died on the cross, and then three days later he was Resurrected by the power of God. This is important for Catholics because it shows how Jesus beat death.

Paul's Conversion

Approx. 35 AD

Paul is on his way to Damascus to have the Christians imprisoned and murdered when he is struck down by lightning. Then he hears, “Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting me?” From this moment on, Paul devoted his life to preaching God’s work and converting many people to Christianity.

Paul Martyred in Rome

Approx. 65 AD

Paul was arrested in Rome, Italy, two years before he was martyred. He spent the final years of his life in jail until he was later executed.

Peter Martyred in Rome

Approx. 67 AD

Peter went to Rome to evangelize. The people in Rome did not agree with his teachings, so they crucified him. Peter was then crucified upside down because he did not want to be like Jesus.

Edict of Milan

313 AD

Three years after the death of the last living apostle, one of the biggest external threats they faced was the state of Rome. Rome was usually religiously tolerant, but they found out that the Christians wanted to become the main religion, Rome declared war on the Christians. Constantine, a ruler, had a vision of Christ, he went to the ruler of the other half of the empire to stop the fighting. Constantine won religious freedom for all of Rome.

Eastern and Western Schism

1054

The Eastern and Western Schism is the event that divided Christianity into Western Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy. This was mainly caused because of the dispute of how much power the Pope had. Disunion of the Roman Empire also caused a separation of the political unity that used to be there. There was also a difference in language, for the people in the East spoke Greek, and those in the West spoke Latin. The language barrier further separated the cultures. They also separated because they both had different rites and liturgical practice.

The Gospels

The Gospel of Mark

Approx. 65 AD - Approx. 70 AD

This Gospel portrays Jesus as a very emotional person to connect to the people being persecuted, the Gentiles. This Gospel was written during a time when most Gentiles were being persecuted. This Gospel was written very quickly because many people were being killed and he was afraid there would be no record of Jesus.

The Gospel of Luke

Approx. 80 AD - Approx. 85 AD

Luke’s Gospel portrays Jesus as kind and compassionate. He wrote to the Greek Gentiles.

The Gospel of Matthew

Approx. 80 AD

This Gospel portrays Jesus as the teacher and Messiah. He wrote to the Jews.

The Gospel of John

Approx. 90 AD

John portrays Jesus as divine and majestic. He wrote to the Gentiles and Jews to encourage them to stop arguing.

The Popes

St. Peter

32 AD - 67 AD

St. Linus

67 AD - 76 AD

St. Anacletus (Cletus)

76 AD - 88 AD

St. Clement I

88 AD - 97 AD

St. Evaristus

97 AD - 105 AD

Councils of the Church

The Council of Jerusalem

Approx. 50 AD

This was the conference of Christians that decided that the Gentiles didn’t have to observe and practice Mosaic law. Peter told them that God made no distinction between them, and the council listened and believed, so they realized that Gentiles didn’t have to be Christians.

Council of Nicea

325 AD

There were disagreements among Catholics on whether or not Jesus was divine. Most said He was divine, but that he was slightly inferior to God. They also argued on whether or not Jesus was the first being made by God. The council decided that Jesus was truly God, and they were one in the same. They also decided as Sunday to be the celebration of Easter and they wrote the Nicene Creed.

Council of Constantinople I

381 AD

The disagreements at this time were the division of Jesus’ divinity and humanity. There was also the disagreement among some on whether or not the Holy Spirit was simply a divine messenger, but not fully God. The Council of Constantinople confirmed and widened the decisions of Nicea. They also confirmed the Holy Spirits divinity and that the trinity has the same divine nature, but are three individual persons.

Council of Ephesus

432

The people agreed that Mary was the mother of Jesus, but disagreed that she was called the Mother of God, for it seemed to neglect Jesus’ humanity. The Council of Ephesus came together and decided that she should be called “Mother of God”, for it is tradition and proper. They also decided that Jesus is truly both human and divine, and both of those are joined together in one person.

Council of Chalcedon

451

This council came together because the people were believing that Jesus was both human and divine, but had only one true nature, and that his divinity replaced his humanity. The council decided that Jesus was both human and divine on Earth. They also told that his two natures and wills came together in one perfect person.

Saints

St. Maria Faustina Kowalska

August 25, 1905 - October 5, 1938

St. Faustina was born on August 25, 1905 and died on October 5, 1938. She was beatified by St. Pope John Paul II on April 18, 1993 and canonized on April 30, 2000. She is the patron saint of mercy. An interesting story about her is how Jesus visited her. St. Faustina was asked by Jesus to spread the news of His Divine Mercy. Jesus appeared to her and asked for her to spread the message of His Divine mercy, and appeared as a beautiful image. This image is the image of Jesus with a red and white light come out of His heart.