Church history timeline

Events

Resurrection of Jesus

33 AD - January 1, 0033

When Jesus came back to life after being crucified. He broke the bread and ate with the disciples.

The Ascension

33 AD

Jesus rose up to his Heavenly glory 40 days after he died. He is both Human and Divine, and this is the last time He saw his Apostles before they joined Him in Heaven.

Paul's Conversion

Approx. 35 AD

Saul was walking in the desert when a blinding light came upon him. God spoke to him and asked why Saul was persecuting Him. He then changed his name to Paul and became a Christian. He then evangelized the word of God from that day on.

Paul Martyred in Rome

Approx. 65 AD

Paul was sent to Rome in chains. Two years later Paul was finally beheaded in front of a crowd.

Peter Martyred in Rome

Approx. 67 AD

Peter was sent to be killed. He was crucified upside down in Rome. He was crucified because he was seen as the leader of this rebellion which is Christianity.

The Edict of Milan

313 AD

The Christian Church struggled to survive for years. Rome declared war on the Church because they feared that it would take over all other Churches in Rome. Martyrs only made the Christian Church stronger. A man named Constantine had a vision from God that told him to embroid the shileds of the Christian Church with chi and rho. They won the war and Constantine thanked God for the victory. Constantine then became the western emporer. Him and the Eastern emporer came up with an agreement for tolerance of all religions. The Christian Church became the national church of Rome. Information found on: Ten Peak Moments of the Catholic Church PDF in 8th Grade Class Videos Folder (Edict/Councils)

Eastern and Western Schism

1054 AD

This is what divided Christianity into two different parts-Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy. The main cause of the schism was the disputes of papal authority. The Pope of Rome claimed that he had authority over the western and eastern patriarchs, even though he only had authority over the western patriarchs. The church split in almost all ways. Both sides believe that they are the one holy catholic and apostolic church. They both believe they are the true church. This information was found in https://www.theopedia.com/great-schism

Gospel Layer

The Gospel of Mark

Approx. 65 AD - Approx. 70 AD

Jesus was portrayed like he had feelings and was suffering just like other Christians were at the time. Mark was writing to the Gentiles, who were the main followers of Jesus at the time.

The Gospel of Luke

Approx. 80 AD - Approx. 85 AD

Luke wrote to the greek gentiles in this gospel. Jesus is portrayed as compassionate and forgiving. This gospel was written for how to learn to be a good Christian.

The Gospel of Matthew

Approx. 80 AD

Matthew wrote to jews, because they were doubting jesus to be the Messiah. Jesus is seen as a reflective teacher in this gospel.

The Gospel of John

Approx. 90 AD

John wrote to the jews and gentiles because they were both fighting over what the right lifestyle of a Christian is. Jesus is portrayed as the son/word of God in this gospel.

Council's

The Council of Jerusalem

Approx. 50 AD

There was a disagreement over whether or not the Gentiles had to first follow the Mosaic law before they could become Christians. The Council ruled that they did not have to follow the Mosaic Law to become a Christian and follow God.

Council of Nicea

325 AD

The Arians thought Jesus was still Divine, but slightly inferior to God the Father. The council concluded that Jesus was fully Divine and also equal to God, because he is God. Information found in: http://catholic-resources.org/ChurchDocs/EcumenicalCouncils.htm

Council of Constantinople

381 AD

The Apollinarians believed that Jesus was not both Divine and Human together, but that they were two different parts of Jesus. They also believed that the Holy Spirit wasn't Divine, but just a messenger of God. The Council concluded that Jesus was both human and Divine together, and the Holy Spirit was Divine. Information found in: http://catholic-resources.org/ChurchDocs/EcumenicalCouncils.htm

Council of Ephesus

431 AD

Nestorians belived that Mary was the mother of Jesus, but not the mother of God. Which would make Jesus more human. The council ruled that Mary is the mother of God, and Jesus is both fully Divine and Human. Information found in: http://catholic-resources.org/ChurchDocs/EcumenicalCouncils.htm

Council of Chalcedon

451 AD

The Monophysites believed that Jesus' Divinity fully took over his human side. The council ruled that Jesus is both fully human and Divine, and that they both come together to be one Jesus. Information found in: http://catholic-resources.org/ChurchDocs/EcumenicalCouncils.htm

Council of Constantinople ll

553 AD

Various groups of people ( the Origens, Theodorets, Theodore of Mopsuestia, and Ibas of Edessa) had problems with something about the Christian faith, such as Mary is the mother of Jesus but not God. The Council ruled that everything decided by the previous Council's were correct. Information found in: http://catholic-resources.org/ChurchDocs/EcumenicalCouncils.htm

Council of Constantinople lll

680 AD - 681 AD

Monotheists believed that Jesus only has one will, which is Divine. The council ruled that Jesus has two wills: human and Divine, not just one. Information found in: http://catholic-resources.org/ChurchDocs/EcumenicalCouncils.htm

Council of Nicea ll

787 AD

Iconoclasts believed that all religious images should be destroyed. The council ruled that they are allowed to stay because they help people learn about the faith. Information found in: http://catholic-resources.org/ChurchDocs/EcumenicalCouncils.htm

Saints

St Dominic de Guzman

1170 AD - 1221 AD

Birth Date: 1170 AD
Death Date: 1221 AD
Symbols: Dog, holding a book, lilies (St. Dominic).
Canonized: July 13 1234 (St. Dominic).
Patron st: astronomers, innocent of falsely accused crimes (St. Dominic).
An interesting story about Dominic is about how he got his name. One possibility is that when his mother was pregnant, she had a vision of a dog holding a torch jumping out of her womb. The Lord's dog is called "Domini Canis" which sounds very similar to Dominic.
Beatified: Pre Congregational
All information about St. Dominic was found in: http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=178

St. Junipero Serra

1713 AD - 1784 AD

Birth Date: 1713 AD
Death Date: 1784 AD
Beatification Date: 1988 AD
Canonization Date: 2105 AD
Patronage: Vocations
Symbol: Statue (in California)
St. Junipero Serra founded twenty-one missions in his lifetime, and also was able to convert thousands of Indians. These converted Indians were then taught things such as arts, crafts, cattle raising, etc.
All information about St. Junipero Serra was found in:
http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=401

St. Damien DeVeuster

1840 AD - 1889 AD

Birth Date: 1840 AD
Death Date: 1889 AD
Canonization Date: 2009 AD
Beatification Date: 1995 AD
Patronage: People with leprosy
Symbol: How sick people (HIV, AIDS, etc,) should be treated with care and respect in society.
St. Damien lived in Hawaii knowing the risks of disease, but he stayed there anyways, living for nine years working as a priest, which was a very important job at the time, and still is. He liked to stay behing the scenes and help others, especially the sick, before himself.
All information about St. Damien DeVeuster was found in:
http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=2817 and
https://www.catholicmission.org.au/news/missionaries-a-saints/491-saint-damien-of-molokai