Church History Timeline

Jesus' Life

Resurrection of Jesus

33 AD

3 days after Jesus was crucified, Mary Magdaline found Jesus’ tomb empty. Jesus had resurrected from the dead! Jesus saved us from our sins. Jesus’ resurrection is celebrated on Easter Sunday every year. Easter Sunday is the most important day of the year.

The Ascension

33 A.D.

The Apostles gathered with Jesus, and Jesus told them that He is going back to heaven. He also told the Apostles that they would recieve the Holy Spirit and should continue to spread the word of God. Then, Jesus was lifted up by a cloud and ascended into heaven.

The Councils

The Council of Jerusalem

Approx. 50 A.D

Some people thought that the Gentiles had to follow Mosaic practice before they became Christian. At the Council in Jerusalem, Peter proclaimed that God does not care whether you are a Gentile or a Jew. Peter told them that everyone is saved through the grace of Jesus.

Council of Nicaea

325 A.D.

This council was called to decide whether or not Jesus is inferior to God the Father. They decided that Jesus is equal to God the father, so he is not any less important than God the Father. Jesus has always been and always will be equal to God. The Nicene Creed was created at this council.

Council of Constantinople I

381 A.D.

This council was called to determine whether or not the Holy Spirit is fully God. The council decided that yes, the Holy Spirit is God. This council confirmed Catholics’ beliefs about the Trinity (three divine people in one God).

Council of Ephesus

431 A.D.

This council was called to determine whether or not Mary should be called the “Mother of God.” Before this council was called, people thought that calling Mary the Mother of God was ignoring Jesus’ humanity. The council decided that Mary is the mother of God. Jesus is fully God and human, so calling Mary the mother of God would not be a false statement.

Council of Chalcedon

451 A.D.

This council was called to determine if Jesus was fully human and fully divine. Before this, people were saying that Jesus’ divinity totally replaced his humanity. The council decided that Jesus is fully human and fully divine. His divinity and humanity both make up His one person.

Council of constantinople II

553 A.D.

The purpose of this council was to condemn the Three chapters of Theodore of Mopsuestia. The council also confirmed that the decisions made in the previous two councils were right.

Constantinople III

680

The purpose of this council was to determine whether or not Christ only had divine will. The council decided that Christ has both human and divine will.

Council of Nicaea II

787 A.D.

Some Christians thought that having images of Christ was a violation of the ten commandments. This council was called to determine whether or not all images of Christ should be destroyed. The council decided that images of holy people should not be destroyed. Christians honor the people the image is portraying, not the image itself.

The Gospels

The Gospel of Mark

Approx. 65 AD - Approx. 70 AD

Mark wrote to the Gentiles to show them that Jesus was the Messiah and suffered and died for us. The gentiles were afraid because people were killing them at the time. Mark focused on how Jesus has human emotion. In his Gospel it says, "He took with him Peter, James, and John and began to be troubled and distressed. Then He said to them, 'my soul is sorrowful even to death,'"(Mark 3:5).

The Gospel of Matthew

Approx. 80 A.D.

Matthew wrote to the Jews to show that Jesus is the messiah. He portrayed Jesus as the new Moses. For example, in his gospel Jesus says, "' ...many will come from the east and the west and will recline with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob at the banquet in the kingdom of heaven,'"(Matthew 8:11).

The Gospel of Luke

Approx. 80 AD - Approx. 85 AD

Luke wrote to the Greek gentiles to show how a good christian lived. He portrayed Jesus as passionate and forgiving. For example, in his Gospel Luke writes about how Jesus was kind to the outcasts of the community and reached out to help them

The Gospel of John

Approx. 90 AD

John wrote to everyone to show that gentiles and Jews shouldn’t be fighting. They should be working together. John portrays Jesus as divine. For example, John doesn't focus on how Jesus was born in Bethlehem, but he focuses on his divine origins. John talks about how Jesus always existed with God.

Popes

St. Peter

32 A.D. - 67 A.D.

St. Peter's original name was Simon, and he was born in Bethsaida. St. Peter was a fisherman and one of Jesus' apostles. Peter was a leader among the apostles. He is a martyr and was killed by being crucified upside-down on a cross. He was crucified upside-down because he said he wasn't worthy to die the same way Jesus did.

St. Linus

67 AD - 76 AD

St. Linus succeeded St. Peter. St. Linus was born in 10 A.D. and died in 76 A.D. His feast day is September 23. St. Linus tried to issue a decree that women should have their heads covered in mass.

St. Anacletus (Cletus)

Approx. 76 A.D. - Approx. 88 A.D.

St. Anacletus succeeded St. Linus. He was born in Rome, Italy. St. Anecletus is said to have split Rome into twenty five parishes with each parish led by a priest. St. Anacletus died a martyr, and ordained a lot of priests while he was pope.

St. Clement I

88 AD - 97 AD

St. Clement I succeeded St. Anacletus. It is unknown where he was born. St. Clement I's feast day is November 23. St. Clement was a disciple of St. Peter.

St. Evaristus

97 A.D. - 105 A.D.

St. Evaristus' date of birth is unknown, and he died about 107 A.D. He was pope during the end of the first century and the beginning of the second century. St. Evaristus' feast day is October 26th. His body remains near the tomb of St. Peter.

Events

Paul's Conversion

Approx. 35 A.D.

Saul was a soldier who persecuted Christians. Saul traveled to Damascus to arrest any Christians he found. On his way to Damascus, a light from the sky flashed him and he heard Jesus say to him, “Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting me?”(Acts, 9:4). Jesus instructed him to go to Damascus, but when Saul got up, he was blind. When Saul got to Damascus, a man name Ananias baptized him and Saul’s vision returned.

Paul Martyred in Rome

Approx. 65 A.D.

Paul died as a prisoner in Rome. He continued to teach about the kingdom of God to all who came to him for 2 years in his lodgings until he was killed.

Peter Martyred in Rome

Approx. 67 A.D.

Peter was killed by the emperor Nero Augustus Caesar. He was crucified upside down because he claimed that he wasn’t worthy to die how Jesus did.

Edict of Milan

313

Rome was not tolerating the Christian religion for many years. Rome was persecuting Christians because they were afraid they would become more powerful than them. A man named Constantine was the ruler of the Eastern Empire. He had a vision of Christ telling him to fight against the Roman empire for Christianity. Constantine won and became an emperor of the West along with the East. He helped create the Edict of Milan. The Edict of Milan gave religious freedom to everyone and gave the Christians many rights including the right to create churches.

Eastern and Western Schism

1054 A.D.

The Eastern Western Schism divided the Roman Catholic church and the Eastern Orthodox church. This event started because the Pope claimed he had more power than the Eastern patriarchs. Also, the West spoke Latin while the East spoke Greek. The difficulty of communication contributed to the Eastern Western Schism.

Saints

Mary the Mother of God

Approx. 15 B.C. - Approx. 41 A.D.

Mary was visited by an angel when she was about 14 years old. The angel told her that she was going to have the Son of God. At first Mary was confused because she wasn't married and was a virgin. The angel explained that Mary had become pregnant through the power of God. She said yes to God and became Jesus' mother and raised him. Mary was without sin from the moment of conception, also known as the Immaculate Conception, celebrated on December 8th. She ascended into heaven body and soul on August 15th in about 41 A.D. Mary is the patron saint of all humanity and of the U.S.

St. Elizabeth Ann Seton

August 28, 1774 - January 4, 1821

St. Elizabeth Ann Seton was beatified on March 17th, 1963, and she was canonized on September 14th, 1975. She is the patron saint of widows, death of parents, and against the death of children. In 1794, Elizabeth married William Seton. She happily married to him for an amount of time. About four years later, William's father died, and then William became sick and died also. Elizabeth turned towards God in these hard times, (Catholic Online).

St. Marianne Cope

January 23, 1838 - August 9th, 1918

St. Marianne Cope was beatified on May 14th, 2005 and canonized on Oct. 21, 2012. She is the patron saint of lepers and Hawaii. She opened the first 2 catholic schools in New York. Marianne Cope worked with lepers in Hawaii for a long time in her life. Even though she spent so much time with lepers, she never caught leprosy herself, (Catholic Online).