Church History Project

Events

The Ascension

33 AD

After Jesus rose from the dead and descended in Hell to save the righteous, he ascended into Heaven to be seated at the right hand of God.

Resurrection of Jesus

33 AD

After Jesus was crucified in Jerusalem, he rose from the tomb three days after his death.

Paul's Conversion

Approx. 35 AD

Saul has an apparition of Jesus Christ and is converted to Christianity.

The Council of Jerusalem

Approx. 50 AD

It rules that Gentile converts do not have to observe the Mosaic Law.

Edict of Milan

313 AD

To maintain unity in the Church, they created a system of authority based on bishop, cannon, and creed. Rome tolerated all religions until they realized that Christianity wanted to be the one true religion. So then Nero led nine major Pogroms (persecutions) against the Christians. The emperor Constantine of the Eastern Roman Empire, had a vision of Jesus Christ before a battle. Jesus told him to paint a picture of the cross on all of the shields and he would win the battle. He won the battle and then converted to Christianity. Later the emperors Constantine of the Eastern Roman Empire and Maxentius of the Western Roman Empire met in Milan to discuss complete religious tolerance. They both came to an agreement that Christianity would not be persecuted and they could live normal lives. It becomes the official religion of the empire. https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/0B90mqGhp8UnsQzVOLXFYem1fU0k

Eastern and Western Schism

1054 AD

The Eastern-Western Schism is the event when the Catholic Church divided into the Western Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church. This event occurred because Pope Leo IX and Patriarch Michael I excommunicated each other and there was a dispute between papal authority. https://www.theopedia.com/great-schism

Gospels

The Gospel of Mark

Approx. 65 AD - Approx. 70 AD

Wrote to the Gentiles (people who were not originally Jewish.) This Gospel is aimed at Gentiles who are converting so they know they should remain faithful even in the midst of persecution. Shortest of the four Gospels. Mark stresses Jesus' message about the Kingdom of God.

The Gospel of Matthew

Approx. 80 AD

Wrote to the Jews who converted to Christianity and believed that Jesus was the Messiah. The Gospel of Matthew talks about Jesus' ancestry and early life, ministry and miracles, and in the climax of the Gospel, Jesus' passion and Resurrection.

The Gospel of Luke

Approx. 80 AD - Approx. 85 AD

Wrote to the Gentile community. (People who were not originally Jewish.) The Gospel according to Luke is the first part of a two-volume work that continues the biblical history of God's dealings with humanity found in the Old Testament. It showed how God's promises to Israel have been fulfilled in Jesus and how the salvation promised to Israel and accomplished by Jesus has been extended to the Gentiles. He wrote more specifically to the Greek-Gentiles in his Gospel writings.

The Gospel of John

Approx. 90 AD

John wrote his Gospel to everyone, Jews, Gentiles, Women, Men, and children alike. The Gospel of John is highly literary and symbolic in the way that he speaks.

Martyrs

Paul Martyred in Rome

Approx. 65 AD

St. Paul's amazing life journey is ended when he is martyred in Rome.

Peter Martyred in Rome

Approx. 67 AD

Peter was crucified in Rome upside down because he didn't feel worthy to be crucified the same way as Jesus.

Popes

St. Peter

Approx. 33 AD - Approx. 67 AD

St. Peter was one of the 12 apostles and was the first Pope.

St. Linus

67 AD - 76 AD

Pope St. Linus was the second Pope.

St. Cletus

76 AD - 88 AD

Pope St. Cletus was the third Pope.

St. Clement I

88 AD - 97 AD

Pope St. Clement I was the fourth Pope.

St. Evaristus

97 AD - 105 AD

Pope St. Evaristus was the fifth Pope.

Councils

Council of Nicea

325 AD

This Council was held to oppose the heresy of Arius. It presented the teaching of the Church and declared the divinity of Jesus to be one substance and one nature with God the Father. From this Council the Nicene Creed was created. http://www.catholic.org/prayers/councils.php

Council of Constantinople

381 AD

This council was called due to the fact that people believed that the Holy Spirit was not fully divine. The Church again stated and the words inserted into the Nicene Creed exposing the truth that the Holy Spirit proceeded from both the Father and the Son. http://www.catholic.org/prayers/councils.php

Council of Ephesus

431 AD

This council was called because the people of the Catholic Church didn't know what to call Mary. The council decided to call Mary, "Mary the Mother of God" because Jesus is fully human and fully divine. http://catholic-resources.org/ChurchDocs/EcumenicalCouncils.htm

Council of Chalcedon

451 AD

This council was held because of the growing controversy among the early theologians who were being led into error by a confused idea of the one divine person being both God and man or that there are two natures, human and divine, in the one person of the Word. http://www.catholic.org/prayers/councils.php

Saints

St. Elizabeth Ann Seton

August 28, 1774 - January 4, 1821

St. Elizabeth Ann Seton was beatified on March 17, 1963 by Pope John XXIII. She was canonized on September 14, 1975 by Pope Paul VI. She is the patroness of in-law problems, against the death of children, widows, death of parents, and opposition of Church officials. She was the first American-born Saint to be canonized by the Catholic Church, and she created the first free Catholic school in America which led to the entirety of the Catholic school system in America. http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=180

St. Katharine Drexel

November 26, 1858 - March 3, 1955

St. Katharine Drexel was beatified on November 20, 1988 by Pope John Paul II. She was canonized on October 1, 2000 by Pope John Paul II. She is the patroness of racial justice and philanthropists. By the time St. Katharine Drexel died, she spent 12 million dollars of her father's inheritance for charity, setting up schools for Native American and African American children , and setting up convents and missions to spread the faith. http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=193 https://www.britannica.com/biography/Saint-Katharine-Drexel

Pope St. John Paul II

May 18, 1920 - April 2, 2005

May 18th, 1920-April 2, 2005
St. Pope John Paul II was beatified on May 1, 2011 and was later canonized on April 27, 2014. He is the patron saint of World Youth Day and his symbol is the Vatican coat of arms. When he was elected Pope that marked the end of the 400 year streak of Italian Popes.