Church History Timeline Project

Jesus

Resurrection of Jesus

33 AD

Three days after he was crucified, Jesus rose from the dead. This is the most important event in the Liturgical Calendar. This is celebrated on Easter Sunday.

The Ascension

33 AD

This is when Jesus rose into Heaven. During this time, the Apostles were in the presence of Jesus. Then, Jesus rose into Heaven with two angels at his side.

Disciples/Apostles

Paul's Conversion

Approx. 35 AD

One day, Saul was travelling to Damascus to bring disciples of Jesus back in chains, however, on his way, he was blinded by a light and fell to ground. Then, he heard a voice crying out, “Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting me?” The voice was Jesus. At this time, Saul was converted. He devoted the rest of his life to teaching the Word of God.

Paul Martyred in Rome

Approx. 65 AD

Paul was imprisoned in Rome for two years prior to his murder. During that time, he wrote several letters while in prison. Paul suffered for the cause of the Gospel.

Peter Martyred in Rome

Approx. 67 AD

Peter was martyred in Rome. However, he was crucified on an upside down cross because he found himself unworthy of being crucified in the same manner Jesus was.

Councils

The Council of Jerusalem

Approx. 50 AD

There was an argument over whether or not the Gentiles had to follows the Mosaic Law before they could become Christian. However, we believe that we are all saved in the same way through the grace of Jesus Christ.

Council of Nicea

325 AD

The Council of Nicea was the first Ecumenical Council of the Catholic Church. It was held to determine the true teaching of the Catholic Church. During this council, the Church declared the divinity of Jesus Christ consubstantial with that of God. Twenty principles were also created. The Nicene Creed also emerged from this council.

Council of Constantinople

381 AD

The Macedonians believed that the Holy Spirit was a messenger of God, but not actually divine. However, the Holy Spirit is part of the Trinity. They are all fully divine, but are three separate persons. Not only that, but during this council the teachings of Nicea were expanded upon.

Council of Ephesus

431 AD

The Nestorians said that Mary is the Mother of Jesus. However, they also said that she shouldn’t be called the Mother of God. Mary is called the Mother of God because Jesus is both divine and human in one form. Since Jesus is both divine and human, Mary is both the Mother of Jesus and God.

Council of Chalcedon

451 AD

The Monophysites believed that Jesus was both human and divine, but in the end, his divinity fully replaced his humanity. This is not true. Jesus is both human and divine. He is not more human or more divine. He is both in one person.

The East-West Schism

1054 AD

The Eastern-West Schism was the division of Chalcedonian Christianity into Western, or Roman, Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy. It is most oftenly marked by the excommunication of Pope Leo IX and Patriarch Michael I. Rather, when they excommunicated each other. However, the East-West Schism was not the first schism to happen. There were many different schisms that lead up to this “Great” Schism. The Church was split over Arianism, which was supported by the many East, but was dismissed by the Pope in the west. This was only one of the many schisms the Church went through. This all lead up to the East-West Schism, which, of course, had other causes, too. For example, the filioque clause being added into the Nicene Creed by the Roman church was an infringement of the command of the Council of Ephesus. Not only that, but the Patriarchs were also torn over whether the Patriarch of Rome, the Pope, should have more authority than the other Patriarchs. They all agreed that the Patriarch of Rome should have more authority, but they disagreed about whether he had authority over the other four, and if he did, just how much authority he would have. Obviously, there are many other reasons why the Church split, but these are just a few.

Gospels

The Gospel of Mark

Approx. 65 AD - Approx. 70 AD

Mark wrote this Gospel because he found is necessary to have a written record of Jesus. This Gospel was directed towards the Gentiles. Jesus is portrayed as very human in this Gospel.

The Gospel of Matthew

Approx. 80 AD

Matthew wrote this Gospel for Jews. He portrayed Jesus as a teacher, the new Moses.

The Gospel of Luke

Approx. 80 AD - Approx. 85 AD

Luke wrote this Gospel for Greek Gentiles. In this Gospel, Jesus is portrayed as compassionate and forgiving.

The Gospel of John

Approx. 90 AD

This Gospel is directed towards everyone. John portrays Jesus as majestic, divine, and noble.

Popes

Pope Saint Linus

67 AD - 76 AD

Pope Saint Anacletus

76 AD - 88 AD

Pope Saint Clement I

88 Ad - 97 AD

Pope Saint Evaristus

97 ad - 105 ad

Church Events

Edict of Milan

313 AD

The Christian Church faced many threats, especially that of Rome. Rome, though generally tolerant of all religions, declared war on the Christian Church. They did so because Christianity wanted to be the foremost religion. So, the Romans and Christians fought. The turning point, however, was the battle between Maxentius and Constantine in 312. Constantine had a vision of Christ and won the battle. He became the emperor of the West and Christianity’s libber. Constantine met with the emperor of the East, and together they agreed on complete religious tolerance. Under Constantine, Christianity became the preferred religion. The changes were enormous for Christianity. Clearly, the Edict of Milan was extremely important.

Saints

Saint Elizabeth Ann Seton

August 28, 1774 - January 4, 1821

Born August 28, 1774
Died January 4, 1821
Beatified March 17, 1963
Canonized September 14, 1975
Patronages: in-law problems, against death of children, widows, death of parents, and opposition of church authorities
Symbols: Pink flowers, a school, a book, and wheat

Saint Katharine Drexel

November 26, 1858 - March 3, 1955

Born November 26, 1858
Died March 3, 1955
Beatified November 20, 1988
Canonized October 1, 2000
Patronages: Racial justice and philanthropists
Symbols: Schools and books

Saint Gianna Beretta Molla

October 4, 1922 - April 28, 1962

Saint Gianna Beretta Molla was born on October 4, 1922. Even at a young age, Gianna was dedicated to her faith. She never lost this dedication, not even as a student who would later graduate with a Doctorate in Medicine and in Surgery. Gianna, despite her studies, kept her faith close to her heart. She always made time to serve others, especially mothers, babies, the needy, and the poor. In fact, she went on to specialize in pediatrics at the University of Milan. Even then, she didn’t let her occupation get in the way of her faith. Instead, she chose to be both a Catholic and a physician. After living a life filled with service, Gianna died on April 28, 1962, giving up her life to save her daughter, Gianna Emanuela. She would later be beatified on April 24, 1994, and then officially canonized on May 16, 2004. Thanks to Gianna’s tireless dedication throughout her life, she was named the patroness of physicians, mothers, and unborn children.