Medieval England Medicine

Events

2600 BC

2600 BC

Imhotep, an Egyptian architect and scholar, describes the diagnosis and treatment of 200 diseases. He is later regarded as the Egyptian God of Medicine

500 BC

500 BC

Alcmaeon of Croton distinguished veins from arteries. In addition, he was the first recorded person to dissect an eye and discover an optic nerve

460 BC

460 BC

Birth of Hippocrates, the Greek father of medicine and the founder of the first University. He based his medicine off of observation and reasoning, instead of superstition

300 BC

300 BC

Diocles wrote the first known anatomy book

280 BC

280 BC

Herophilus studies the nervous system

130 AD

130 AD

Birth of Galen, considered by many to be the most important contributor to medicine following Hippocrates. He was a physician to gladiators and Roman emperors and is highly respected for his contributions to medicine.

750 AD

750 AD

When the Dark Ages began, people began to trust superstition once again. They believed that sickness and disease was a punishment sent down by God. This hindered medical advancements.

910 AD

910 AD

Persian physician Rhazes identifies smallpox and is the first to suggest blood as the cause of infectious disease.

1010 AD

1010 AD

Avicenna writes The Book of Healing and The Canon of Medicine

1249 AD

1249 AD

Roger Bacon invents spectacles

1489 AD

1489 AD

Leonardo da Vinci dissects corpses (for art)

1590 AD

1590 AD

A Dutch man named Zacharius Jannssen invents the microscope