Gallo-Mediterranean Culture

Events

Settlement Foundation Dates

Founding of Carthage

814 BCE

Founding of Rome

753 BCE

Founding of Marseilles

Approx. 600 BCE

Founding of Glanum

Approx. 550 BCE

Sometime in the 6th century

Founding of Bibracte

Approx. 275 BCE

End of 3rd century

Founding of Roquepertuse

Approx. 250 BCE

3rd Century based on population movements, but some artifacts appear to be potentially centuries older

Founding of Entremont

Approx. 175 BCE

180-170 BCE

Founding of Narbonne

118 BCE

Founding of Lyon

Approx. 43 BCE

Armed Conflicts

Gauls Sack Rome

390 BCE

Second Punic War

218 BCE - 201 BCE

Battle of Alesia

52 BCE

Sites

Grave at Vix

Approx. 500 BCE

Cultural Eras

Phoenician

Approx. 1000 BCE - Approx. 500 BCE

Set at 1000 BCE for scaling purposes, more like 1700 BCE. Focus here is on western/northern Mediterranean interaction

Villanova (Central Italic)

1000 BCE - 700 BCE

Set as 1000 BCE for scaling purposes, more like 1100

Golasecca (Northern Italic)

Approx. 800 BCE - Approx. 300 BCE

Hallstatt Era (Early Celtic)

800 BCE - 500 BCE

Austria centered

Etruscan (Central Italic)

Approx. 768 BCE - Approx. 264 BCE

Roman (Monarchy)

753 BCE - 509 BCE

Carthaginian

Approx. 650 BCE - Approx. 200 BCE

Time of regional dominance, not full settlement period

Roman (Republic)

509 BCE - 27 BCE

La Tene (Late Celtic)

Approx. 500 BCE - Approx. 1 BCE

Switzerland centered

Roman (Unified/Western Empire)

27 BCE - 476 CE

Splits at at Diocletian's establishment of the Tetrarchy in 286-293