State, Capital, and the Rise of Nationalism Dates

Events

The European Middle Ages

450 - 1450

Introduction of Gunpowder and Printing press in Europe

1450

European Conquest of the Americas Begins

1492

Spanish Armada/Elizabeth's Speech at Tilbury

1588

Terms like "nation" or "fatherland" appear more often in European texts

1750

English Conquest of India Begins

1757

First Industrial Revolution

1760 - 1830

Start of the French Revolution

1789

Spanish American Wars of Independence

1804 - 1824

French Conquest of Algeria

1830

First Opium War between Britain and China

1839 - 1842

The Berlin Conference Partitions Africa

1884 - 1885

World War I Begins

1914

Versailles Peace Treaty

1919

World War II

1939 - 1945

Successive Waves of Decolonization

1945 - 1975

The Cold War (U.S. led capitalist bloc versus Soviet-led communist bloc)

1947 - 1991