Chapter 22

8000 B.C. - 2000

In 8000 B.C. Jericho was the center for salt trade. In 1000 B.C. David conquered Zion and built Jerusalem. After some Israeli soldiers are done with their tour at the Dead Sea in 1956, they decided to stay. The Dead Sea stopped being mined for salt in 1990

Chapter 1

6000 B.C. - 907

1000 B.C. iron first came into use in China, the first evidence of it being used in salt is 450 B.C. Earliest record of salt in China is in 800 B.C. there was a salt tax debate between 571 to 479 B.C.

Chapter 6

3500 B.C. - 1497

1318 Parma took over 31 wells in palloucino, 1378 Venice salt competition led to a war, in 1492 Columbus in search of a different route to India

Chapter 2

3000 B.C. - 1352

in 1250 B.C Moses and the Hebrew slaves, the earliest record of Egyptians preserving fish is in 2800 B.C,800 B.C. Phoenicians found Sfax which is a salt source

Chapter 4

1500 B.C. - 900 A.D.

Punic wars 264 to 146 B.C. 506 B.C. earliest record of roman govern. Interference with salt taxes 640b.c. romans found their own salt works in ostia,

Chapter 3

1300 B.C - 1990

Celts invaded turkey in 279 B.C. 1846 bodies were found in the hall salt mine.

Chapter 12

1000 B.C. - 1970

1684 Bermuda became a British colony

Chapter 11

600 B.C. - 1759

43 A.D. the Romans came to England and found the British making salt. In 1662, a butter law was passed in England to Establish standards

Chapter 5

600 B.C. - 1489

932 Venetians ended the competition, 1250 Venice agreed to supply mantua and ferrara with salt, 600 A.D. venetians started using landfill to extend the mainland closer to the islands of modern day Venice, and 1473 Venice acquired cervia

Chapter 7

670 - 1976

In 875 a generation of Vikings arrived onto the Basques land, 1443 the Catalans became salt cod enthusiasts, in 1557 1.200 salt ships from other European posts came to Le Croisic, the Europeans started using a different technique to catch fish with nets in the 1950’s.

Chapter 9

814 - 1961

1246 first French Mediterranean port was established

Chapter 10

1247 - 1929

The Nurnberg’s mine main tunnel was built in 1450...Salzburg merged with Austria in 1816.

Chapter 14

1259 - 1946

France has an unfair salt tax called the gabelle and it was repealed on March 22, 1790 ten reinstated by napoleon then was abolished in 1946

Chapter 25

1324 - 2017

The first record of sugar in Sweden was in 1324. In a book called History of Many Memorable Things Lost on page 409, it says that caviar is the heir to garum. A small port called Collioure in 1770 had 140 boats. The herring returned again to Kladesholmen in 1880 through 1900, but there were no more good runs in the 20th century. The Pacific Northwest became a leading center for cured salmon for the east and west in the 19th century. In 1905, Russia was revolting against the Czar. Before the 1960s and 70s, the only way to refrigerate food was by putting them in special cabinets.

Chapter 8

1360 - 1856

Solved shortage with salt trades in 1250, in 1442 the count of Holland threaten to prosecute any fisherman who cured a herring that had been out of water for more than 24 hours, 1567 discovery of red herring

Chapter 18

1600 - 1930

The Leblanc Process was created in the 18th century. In 1792, soda was made from mother liquor in 1807, Humphry Davy discovered the element sodium. Davy then founded chlorine in 1810. In 1918 the Erie Canal was closed. In the 1930’s the city tried to clean up the lake so that they could use it for recreational purposes.

Chapter 21

1600 - 1998

The Honorable East India Company was founded in 1600. In 1639, the Company bought its first Indian property that is named Calcutta. In the 18th century, the French and British fought over India. The ORissa Famine in 1866 was due to salt shortage. In 1923, the brits doubled the salt tax in India. In 1930, Gandhi protested the salt monopoly the British had on India which ended a year later.

Chapter 13

1607 - 1783

In 1660 the Dutch granted the colonies a right to build their own salt works. In 1759 the British were sensing that America was trying to become independent so they started imposing tariffs and taxes

Chapter 17

1677 - 1906

In 1827, Jedidiah Smith settled in san Fran to see that the bay had a lot of salt. In 1859, a stretch of land in Nevada that contained silver. (1865) Civil War ended on April 9, 1865. McIlhenny patented his Tabasco sauce. In 1906, Teodorescu identified a unicellular plant called dunaliella that caused bringe to later turn red after having green scum due to the level of salinity

Chapter 23

1700 - 2000

Zigong became a regular travel destination for salt merchants. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Japanese Emperor Meji, built a centralized economy and modernized military. In January 1905, the Salt Monopoly Law came into play, making 22 salt offices around the country to regulate production. Ancient China came to an end in 1912. In 1998 India followed China’s 1995 decision on banning non iodized salt. In September 2000, India repealed its ban.

Chapter 19

1712 - 1925

In 1803, Nicolas Appert got Napoleon's navy to try his soup that was preserved in glass jars by a heating and sealing process. In 1809, Bryan Donkin founded the first brit canning plant. In 1901, Pattillo Higgins and Anthony Lucas drilled at the salt dome Spindle top and founded a petroleum along with a new age. In 1925, Clarence Birdseye established a frozen seafood company.

Chapter 15

1769 - 1850

The Treaty of Paris was made in 1783. War of 1812. The Erie Canal started being built in 1817 and finished in October of 1825. Kanawha, a southern salt work, has been gathering salt for around 100 years even though salt works around it were dying.

Chapter 20

1800 - 1900

Sinkholes have appeared due to the over pumping of brine and because of that citizens formed a committee. 1867, a law was made to forbade children and women from working between the times of 6pm and am. In 1878, salt makers were fined for the air pollution they have caused which smothered the local vegetation. The Thompsons hit a tough patch in 1960 due to the Biafran war and that tough time persisted until 1986, when they finally gave up.

Chapter 16

1841 - 1865

Civil War began on April 12, 1861 and ended on April 9, 1865. Union started destroying salt works in the south in 1862. In the August 1862 salt makers were exempt from the confederate draft. In 1862 people tried to find new ways to preserve food and conserve salt. The last salt work the Union destroyed was in 1865 in St. Andrews Bay.

Chapter 26

1848 - 2017

E.I Wheeler and Company was started in 1848. In 1924, Morton Salt Company produced the first iodized salt. World War two started on September 1, 1939 and ended on September 2, 1945. American Troops in March 1945 found a treasure trove in a salt mine. The salt industry in Salt Cay died in 1967. In the 1970s, the US Government stored 700 million barrels of oil in a select few of the 500 salt domes in the gulf area. Table salt production stopped in 1982. The Durnberg salt mine was shut down by its owners in 1989. Today only two companies are involved in San Fran Bay Salt- Cargill and Morton.

Chapter 24

1908 - 1999

MSG was first isolated as a substance in a Japanese lab in 1908. MSG has been made using fermented wheat gluten since 1950. In 1959, the Sichuan Restaurant was established it was made for the political elite. In 1970, Yu Jiamin began apprenticing in Sichuan cuisine (390). In the early 1990s, farmers from Dayin stopped making soy sauce because they couldn’t compete with factories since they had such low prices. In 1999, soy sauce could no longer be produced in Lehi, so the workers had to start all over again.