Time Line of Contributions to Gifted Education


Sir. Francis Galton


Published Heredity Genius regarding nature vs nurture

Alfred Binet

1890 - 1905

Developed intelligence tests and defined "mental age".

Lewis Terman

1916 - 1925

Father of Gifted Movement, modified Binet's tests and published Genetic Studies of Genius

Leta Hollingsworth

1920 - 1935

Mother of the Gifted Education, recognized the social and emotional needs of gifted students.

Calvin Taylor

1978 - 1990

Multiple-Talent Totem Pole Model including nine talents that develop creativity and problem solving.

Abraham Tannenbaum

1979 - 2004

Five Sea Star definition of Giftedness: the Who, What, and How of giftedness

Howard Gardner

1983 - 2000

Multiple Intelligence Theory: Eight intelligences including verbal/linguistic; logical/mathematical, spacial, musical, bodily/kinesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and naturalist

Robert Sternberg

1985 - 2004

Triarchic Theory of Intellectual Gifts: Analytic Giftedness, Practical Giftedness, and Synthetic Giftedness

Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray


Published The Bell Curve

Joseph Renzulli

1997 - 2017

Three-Ring Model of Giftedness: includes creativity, above average abilities, and task commitment

Francoyn Gagne

2000 - 2004

Differentiated Model of Giftedness and Talent (DMGT)

Donna Ford

2010 - 2017

Research in identifying gifted students from diverse backgrounds