The Europeans introduced smallpox, measles, diseases, liquor, and firearms
Russian fur trade became largest and wealthiest in the world
leading to European exploration
First settlement was Old Harbor on Kodiak Island
Cook was searching for a passage from the Pacific to the Atlantic. He was killed in Hawaii.
Europeans introduced disease, liquor, and firearms; Native Alaskan traditions and ways of life were disturbed
Seward negotiated to purchase Alaskan territory from Russia for $7.2 million (two cents per acre)
John Muir wanted to protect Alaska's wildlife in Glacier Bay
Henry Glass was a Navy commander. When he noticed attendance at schools decline, he contacted parents and began fining them if they didn't send their children to school. This boosted attendance.
Within 7 year, 25,000 people had visited
it was opened to the native Alaskans in Sitka
By 1887, there were still 17 Russian schools in the Alaskan territory.
Only 8 Russian schools still remained in the Alaskan territory
J.P. Morgan and Guggenheim brothers formed Alaska Syndicate company to mine copper. Richest and purest copper source in the world.
18 inches of ash covered Kodiak Island
President Harding commemorated the completion of the Railroad by placing the golden spike at Nenana.
John Muir, S. Hall Young, and a native seal hunter traveled to Glacier Bay where John Muir decided the land should be preserved.
"To protect the native feeding and breeding grounds of the brown bear and other wildlife"
Japanese built bases and defenses
It was completed in about 8 months and was more than 1,400 miles long.
U.S. tried to liberate islands
Public school system for "all children of the state"
The war helped boost Alaska's economy which helped to promote a local government
provides transportation and supports tourism within southeastern and southwestern Alaska
The earthquake struck 78 miles east of Anchorage at 5:36 pm on Good Friday. 11 people were killed from the earthquake in Anchorage.
The tsunami hit Kaguyak and Old Harbor before hitting downtown Kodiak
provided services that the Bureau of Indian Affairs could not. It recognized that American and Alaskan Indians have unique cultural needs that may affect their education.
800 mile oil pipeline that stretches from Prudhoe Bay to the Gulf of Alaska
Signed by President Carter to create national parks, monuments, preserves, and wildlife refuges.
destroyed environment, contaminated water and animal habitats, killed animals