A flag showing the design of the Union Jack and Southern cross on a blue background was first raised over the Exhibition Building in Melbourne. the stars in the Southern Cross have seven points because they are the Commonwealth stars. This date was known as Australian National Flag Day.
The 1903 federal election was first where women are allowed to vote.
The Northern territories and the federal capital Territorles were formally transferred to the Commonwealth.
Douglas Mawson left Hobart in Aurora for Macquarie island.
the Fisher government issued the commonwealth penny stamp.
Britain declared war on Germany and automatically the British Dominions, included Australia.
The Australia and New Zealand forced landed at Gallipoli.
The Commonwealth completed construction of the 1690 km Port Angusta to Perth .
Australia's first airline was Qantas
The 10TH general election was the first in witch was compulsory after the Commonwealth Electoral Act was enacted on 10 OCT 1924
The fall the new York stock exchange had an impact throughout the world.
the Australia Broadcasting Commission was established to set up and operate national broadcasting stations.
The 150th anniversary of the first arrival of the First Fleet.
After Germany invaded Poland on the 1st of September, Britain declared war. Australia followed with a declaration on the same day.
Six weeks after Australia entered WW2, it was announced that compulsory defence training was being reintroduced. It started on 1st of January 1940. Unmarried men aged 21 were required to do military training for three months.
Two days after Japan attacked Pearl Harbour in Hawaii, Australia declared war on Japan as well as Finland, Hungary and Romania.
Japanese bombers attacked Darwin four days after they captured Singapore. Attacks on Darwin and Katherine kept going until November 1943. Bombs were also dropped on Townsville in Queensland and Wyndham, Derby, Broome and Port Hedland in Western Australia.
Forty years after women first stood for seats in parliament, Dame Enid Lyons and Dorothy Tangney became the first to win seats. Dame Lyons had a seat in the House of Representatives and Mrs Tangney had a seat in the Senate.
The first Holden 'family motor car' was launched off the assembly line. In the next 10 years, over 500,000 cars had been made.
Today celebrated the 50th anniversary of federation.
The first call-up notice was issued under the National Service Act. This said that 18 year old men were called up for compulsory military training and then they had to stay on the Reserve of the Commonwealth Military Forces for five years. Between 1951 and 1960, over 500,000 men had registered, 52 intakes were organised and about 227,000 were trained.
Television was introduced into Australia to make these first Australian Olympic games televised. Australia won a total of 35 medals, with 13 gold, 8 silver and 14 bronze.
It was announced that Australia would be sending troops to Vietnam to help the United States forces. Around 60,000 soldiers were sent to Vietnam where 521 died because of the war and 3,000 were wounded.
The decimal currency was introduced to Australia. Pounds and shillings were replaced with dollars and cents.
Two US astronauts landed on the moon. Millions of people from around the world watched on TV. The pictures were received from Apollo II through Australia's giant telescope in Parkes. They were then relayed to Sydney by microwave, then as TV signals to the ABC studios in Gore Hill and then onto Houston, Texas to be sent out to everyone on TV.
Senator Neville Bonner became the first Aboriginal parliamentarian. Indigenous people were included in the national census for the first time in 1971 after an amendment to the Constitution.
65 people died on Christmas Eve after a cyclone destroyed most of the homes in Darwin. Darwin was evacuated.
The Australian Federal Police was formed. It combined three separate forces into one; the Commonwealth Police, the Australian Capital Territory Police and the Federal Narcotics Bureau.
The first personal desktop computers went on sale.
'Advance Australia Fair' was proclaimed as Australia's national anthem. At the same time, green and gold were proclaimed as the national colours. This decision followed 10 years of ongoing debate, a national opinion poll in 1974, and a plebiscite in 1977.
Australian law became independent from British parliaments and courts.
Australia was provided with a national gemstone, the opal. The conditions needed for opals to form are more common in Australia than anywhere else in the world. We also produce 95% of the world's opals.
The 2000 Olympics were held in Homebush Bay, Sydney. Australia won a total of 58 medals; 16 gold, 25 silver, and 17 bronze.
Australia celebrated it's 100 birthday.
Pope Benedict XVI conducted a ceremony of canonisation to make Mary MacKillop Australia's first and only saint.