Australian Prime Ministers by Jacob York


Edmund Barton


A Australia flag has been chosen

03 Sep 1901

A flag showing the design of the Union Jack and Southern cross on a blue background was first raised over the Exhibition Building in Melbourne. the stars in the Southern Cross have seven points because they are the Commonwealth stars. This date was known as Australian National Flag Day.

Alfred Deakin


Women stand and vote

16 Dec 1903

The 1903 federal election was first where women are allowed to vote.

Chris Watson


George Reid


Alfred Deakin


Andrew Fisher

13 Nov 1908

Alfred Deakin

2 jun 1909

Andrew Fisher

29 Apr 1910

Two new Territories

01 Jan 1911

The Northern territories and the federal capital Territorles were formally transferred to the Commonwealth.

Australia Antarctic expedition

02 Dec 1911

Douglas Mawson left Hobart in Aurora for Macquarie island.

First Australia stamp

02 Jan 1913

the Fisher government issued the commonwealth penny stamp.

Joseph Cook


Australia at war [WW1]

04 Aug 1914

Britain declared war on Germany and automatically the British Dominions, included Australia.

Andrew Fisher


ANZACs land

15 Apr 1915

The Australia and New Zealand forced landed at Gallipoli.

William Morris Hughes


National railways

17 OCT 1917

The Commonwealth completed construction of the 1690 km Port Angusta to Perth .


03 NOV 1922

Australia's first airline was Qantas

Stanley Melbourne Bruce


Compulsory voting

14 NOV 1925

The 10TH general election was the first in witch was compulsory after the Commonwealth Electoral Act was enacted on 10 OCT 1924

James Scullin


Wall Street Collapse

24 OCT 1929

The fall the new York stock exchange had an impact throughout the world.

Joseph Lyons

06 jan 1932

The ABC was born

01 JUL 1932

the Australia Broadcasting Commission was established to set up and operate national broadcasting stations.

Aboriginal 'Day of Mourning'

26 JAN 1938

The 150th anniversary of the first arrival of the First Fleet.

Earle Page

07 Apr 1939

Robert Menzies

26 Apr 1939

Australia declares war on Germany

03 sep 1939

After Germany invaded Poland on the 1st of September, Britain declared war. Australia followed with a declaration on the same day.

Compulsory military training

20 oct 1939

Six weeks after Australia entered WW2, it was announced that compulsory defence training was being reintroduced. It started on 1st of January 1940. Unmarried men aged 21 were required to do military training for three months.

Arthur Fadden

29 Aug 1941

John Curtin

07 Oct 1941

Declaration of war against Japan

09 dec 1941

Two days after Japan attacked Pearl Harbour in Hawaii, Australia declared war on Japan as well as Finland, Hungary and Romania.

Darwin is bombed

19 feb 1942

Japanese bombers attacked Darwin four days after they captured Singapore. Attacks on Darwin and Katherine kept going until November 1943. Bombs were also dropped on Townsville in Queensland and Wyndham, Derby, Broome and Port Hedland in Western Australia.

First women to win seats in parliament

23 sep 1943

Forty years after women first stood for seats in parliament, Dame Enid Lyons and Dorothy Tangney became the first to win seats. Dame Lyons had a seat in the House of Representatives and Mrs Tangney had a seat in the Senate.

Francis Forde

06 Jul 1945

Ben Chifley

13 Jul 1945

Holden launched

29 nov 1948

The first Holden 'family motor car' was launched off the assembly line. In the next 10 years, over 500,000 cars had been made.

Robert Menzies

19 Dec 1949

Commonwealth Jubilee

01 jan 1951

Today celebrated the 50th anniversary of federation.

National Service begins

12 apr 1951

The first call-up notice was issued under the National Service Act. This said that 18 year old men were called up for compulsory military training and then they had to stay on the Reserve of the Commonwealth Military Forces for five years. Between 1951 and 1960, over 500,000 men had registered, 52 intakes were organised and about 227,000 were trained.

Melbourne Olympic Games

22 nov 1956

Television was introduced into Australia to make these first Australian Olympic games televised. Australia won a total of 35 medals, with 13 gold, 8 silver and 14 bronze.

Vietnam War

28 apr 1965

It was announced that Australia would be sending troops to Vietnam to help the United States forces. Around 60,000 soldiers were sent to Vietnam where 521 died because of the war and 3,000 were wounded.

Harold Holt

26 Jan 1966

Dollars and cents

14 feb 1966

The decimal currency was introduced to Australia. Pounds and shillings were replaced with dollars and cents.

John McEwen

19 Dec 1967

John Gorton

10 Jan 1968

The men on the moon

21 jul 1969

Two US astronauts landed on the moon. Millions of people from around the world watched on TV. The pictures were received from Apollo II through Australia's giant telescope in Parkes. They were then relayed to Sydney by microwave, then as TV signals to the ABC studios in Gore Hill and then onto Houston, Texas to be sent out to everyone on TV.

William Mchon

10 Mar 1971

First Aboriginal Parliamentarian

24 may 1971

Senator Neville Bonner became the first Aboriginal parliamentarian. Indigenous people were included in the national census for the first time in 1971 after an amendment to the Constitution.

Gough Whitlam

05 Dec 1972

Cyclone Tracy

24 dec 1974

65 people died on Christmas Eve after a cyclone destroyed most of the homes in Darwin. Darwin was evacuated.

Malcolm Fraser

11 Nov 1975

Federal Police

19 oct 1979

The Australian Federal Police was formed. It combined three separate forces into one; the Commonwealth Police, the Australian Capital Territory Police and the Federal Narcotics Bureau.

Desktop computer.

Approx. 01 jan 1981

The first personal desktop computers went on sale.

Robert Hawke

11 Mar 1983

National anthem

19 apr 1984

'Advance Australia Fair' was proclaimed as Australia's national anthem. At the same time, green and gold were proclaimed as the national colours. This decision followed 10 years of ongoing debate, a national opinion poll in 1974, and a plebiscite in 1977.

Australia Acts

02 mar 1986

Australian law became independent from British parliaments and courts.

Paul Keating

20 Dec 1991


28 jul 1993

Australia was provided with a national gemstone, the opal. The conditions needed for opals to form are more common in Australia than anywhere else in the world. We also produce 95% of the world's opals.

John Howard

11 Mar 1996

Sydney Olympic Games

15 sep 2000

The 2000 Olympics were held in Homebush Bay, Sydney. Australia won a total of 58 medals; 16 gold, 25 silver, and 17 bronze.

Centenary of Federation

01 jan 2001

Australia celebrated it's 100 birthday.

Kevin Rudd

03 Dec 2007

Julia Gilliard

24 Jun 2010

An Australian Saint

Approx. 10 oct 2010

Pope Benedict XVI conducted a ceremony of canonisation to make Mary MacKillop Australia's first and only saint.

Kevin Rudd

26 Jun 2013

Tony Abbot

18 Sep 2013

Malcolm Turnbull

15 Sep 2015