APWH Summer Timeline



Approx. 8000 BCE

The domestication of plants and animals caused groups of people to gather and remain in one place. This sedentary new way of life caused civilizations to grow and prosper. The domestication of animals gave civilizations wool, skins, meat, milk, and became useful tools for field work.

Birth of Abraham

Approx. 1996 BCE

The birth of Abraham led to the creation of three major religions. He is known as the “father of three faiths”: Christianity, Judaism, and Islam. Three religions that still greatly impacts the world today.

Bantu Migrations Began

Approx. 1500 BCE

The Bantu Migrations caused many linguistic and cultural contributions to Africa. The Bantu-speaking people prompted agricultural surplus, assimilation, and displacement of other African people. Also, the Swahili language in Africa is inspired by the Bantu language.

Zhou Dynasty

Approx. 1045 BCE

Following the Shang Dynasty, the Zhou Dynasty was the longest lasting dynasty in China which would influence Chinese culture to this day. Some of the greatest minds in history lived during the Eastern Zhou Period like Confucius, and Laozi. Also during the Eastern Zhou Period, the schools of thought; Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism were born.

Roman Republic

Approx. 509 BCE

After the Romans overthrew the Etruscan king, the monarchy became the Roman Republic. The king was replaced by two consuls and a senate and Rome received its first law code. The Romans got involved in many wars and afterwards Augustus became Rome’s first emperor.

Roman capital moved to Constantinople

Approx. 333 CE

Founded by Constantine, Constantinople became the economic and cultural hub of the east. It also became the center of Greek classics and Christian ideals. Constantinople became the largest city of the Roman Empire and of the world.

Roman Empire is Divided

375 CE

The Roman emperor, Diocletian, divided the Roman Empire into two halves: west and east. The Eastern half survived much longer than the Western half and became the Byzantine Empire. The Western half fell to barbarians in 476 CE.

Zanj Rebellion

Approx. 869 CE

About 15,000 slaves led by Ali ibn-Muhammad revolted against the Abbasid Caliphate in Mesopotamia. The rebellion was crushed in 883 and Ali ibn-Muhammad was killed. It led to a different perspective on slaves and many slave owners put stricter watch and control over slaves. Harsher work climates were brought upon many Swahili slaves.

First Crusade

Approx. 1095

In the First Crusade, 30,000 crusaders led by 4 nobles reclaimed Jerusalem by driving the Muslims out. They captured Antioch and the Jerusalem killing any Jews or Muslims in those two cities. The Crusades also began to put a stop to the Seljuk Turks extend.

Bubonic Plague in Europe

Approx. 1347

Also known as the Black Death, the bubonic plague killed ⅓ of Europe’s population. Up to 200 million people were killed worldwide from the plague and it caused many consequences throughout the world. Trade declined, prices rose, jews were persecuted, and peasants revolted.