Religions of the World Over Time: Events that Shaped Religions

Events

Aboriginal Culture Begins

Approx. 27893 B.C.E

"The Aboriginal faith began with the migrations of the people of the First Nations to the North American continent. This long period of evolution of spiritual beliefs and practices lacked uniformity among the Aboriginal peoples who became differentiated by various tribal and national cultures. The arrival of the first groups of people from Northeast Asia can be traced back 30,000 to 60,000 years." (Content) This marks the first group of people to travel the land bridge of Sunda, and subsequently "created" aboriginal spirituality.

Approximate time of Hinduism "Creation"

Approx. 2983 B.C.E

The Aryan Invasion Begins

Approx. 1600 B.C

The Great Chola Dynasty

880 B.C.E - 279 C.E

The Image of Shiva is first developed during this time period

Siddhartha Gautama is Given the name of "The Buddha"

Approx. 683 B.C.E

Buddhism is Founded

600 B.C.E

Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha) born [~566 BCE]

Approx. 566 BCE

The Bhagavad Gita is Written

Approx. 400 B.C - Approx. 200 B.C

The Upshads are Written

100 B.C.E

The Rise of Mahayana Buddhism

100 B.C.E - 100 C.E

Buddhism enters China

0 AD - 1000 AD

Buddhist Missionaries arrive in the court of Emperor Han

68 A.D

The Buddhist Canon is Founded

401 - 500

Earliest Known Sculptures of Shiva Surviving

401 - 500

"Sculptures of Shiva dancing survive from at least as early as the fifth century, but it was under the rule of the great Chola dynasty of southern India (880-279) that the world-famous iconographic type evolved. " (Content)

Mohammad Ibn Allah is born in Mecca

570

Mohammad receives his first revelation from God via Gabriel

610

Mohammad and His followers escape persecution

622

This event marks the begining of the Islamic Year, They escaped to Medina.

Mohammad dies

632

Mohammad returns from his "Farewell Pilgrimage" and subsequently dies, Abu Baker is appointed as successor, creating controversy.

The Qur'an is Written after being Passed Down Orally

647

Beginning of Dalai Lama Lineage in Tibetian

1401 - 1500

Guru Nanak is Born

1469

Guru Nanak begins the First of Four Historic Journeys

1500

Sikhism is Founded by Guru Nanak

1500

Jacques Cartier lands in Canada and makes contact with the Aboriginal People

1523

Guru Nanak Dies

1539

The Hindu Renaissance Begins

1600

During this time, Scholars focused on modern interpretations of the faith and sacred texts

Six Indian Nations in Canada Form a Confederacy

Approx. 1600

"At the end of the 16th century, six Indian nations united to form a Confederacy, which we know today as the Six Nations or Iroquois Confederacy. These nations are the Mohawk, Tuscarora, Onondaga, Cayuga, Oneida, and Seneca. Aboriginal history dating back to that time revealed a period riddled with skirmishes and wars between nations. Loss of lives, confiscation of property, and taking prison who served as slaves, characterized the warfare between parties. Some Indian nations flourished, while other smaller nations became virtually extinction. This dreaded fear of defeat and possible extinction drove the Six Nations to unite into one strong, supporting confederacy that could withstand attacks from enemy natives and non-natives alike." (Content)

The First Sikh Martyr, Guru Arjan, dies from Muslim Enemies

1606

Haromandir Sahib Construction competed

1606

Guru Arjan completed the construction of the Harimandir Sahib in the capital of the Sikh world, the city of Amritsar, and compiled the first authorised book of Sikh scripture, the Adi Granth.

The Last Human Guru, Goblin Singh, Dies

1699

The Darbar Sanih (The Golden Temple) destroyed by Ahmad Shah Abdali

1762

Punjab becomes an Independent State under the Rule of Ranjit Singh

1801

The Sikhs come at War with Britain

1845 - 1849

Assimilation Policy in Effect

1857 - 1982

The Age of Residential Schools

1870 - 1996

The Indian Act

1876

This Act Defined who and was not an "Indian"

Native American Church Officially Established

1918

"The Native American Church claims a membership of 250,000 which would constitute the largest Native American religious organization. Although, the church traces the sacramental use of the peyote cactus back ten thousand years, not until 1918 did the Native American Church become formally established." (Content)

The Amritsar Massacre

1919

Ghandi begins his quest for Justice

1920

Birth of the Turkish Republic

1924

NOI (Nation of Islam) is Formed

1930

Current Dalai Lama, Tenzin Guyatso, was Born

1935

WWII

1939 - 1945

The Sikhs create the largest volunteer army ever assembled.

Largest Demonstration in Tibet History

1939

This demonstration forces His Holiness, Tenzin Gyatso, to seek asylum.

Partition of India

1947

The largest mass exodus to date.

Indian Independence from Britain

1947

Tenzin Guyatso Takes Full Political Power

1950

2,500 years of Buddhism

1956

Punjab redrawn to create a Sikh majority

1966

The Iranian Revolution

1979

The Iranian revolution results in the establishment of the Islamic republic of Iran, the first attempt of an Islamic state in the modern era.

The Akali Dal launches the Dharam Yudh Morcha (Religious War)

1982

His Holiness, Tenzin Guyatso, wins Nobel Peace Prize

1984

Anti- Sikhs Riots

1984

The R.C.M.P is Granted Approval to have Turbaned Sikhs Join its Ranks

1990 - Present

National Aboriginal Day Created

1996 - Present

9/11 Terror Attacks

September 11, 2001