Polio Vaccine Developement

Events

Outbreak

1894

Outbreak of infantile paralysis

Types of Polio

1908

Two types of the polio virus is identified

Research

1916

Polio epidemic in New York accelerates research on how polio is spread

National Foundation

1938

The USA establishes National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, a fund-raising organisation focusing on polio research

Jonas Stark

1953

Dr Jonas Stark develops the first polio vaccine

Albert Sabin

1961

Dr Albert Sabin develops an oral vaccine against polio

Expanded Programme on Immunisation

1974

The World Health Assembly create the Expanded Programme on Immunization to bring vaccines to the world’s children

PolioPlus

1985

First and largest internationally coordinated private-sector support of a public health initiative, with an initial pledge of US $120 million

Global Polio Eradication

1988

The World Health Assembly passes a resolution to eradicate polio by 2000

Vaccinations

1995

More than 400 million children are immunized in 27 countries.

Vaccinations

1995

More than 56 million children are vaccinated in 19 countries.

Western Pacific Region

2000

The WHO Western Pacific Region is certified polio free. Almost one tenth of the world population receive the polio oral vaccine.

Outbreak

2008

A new outbreak spreads from Nigeria to Western Africa. Polio eradication become the World Health Organisation's number one priority

Stopping the outbreak

2009

Outbreaks in Central Africa Republic, Guinea, Kenya and Cote d'lvoire

Wild Poliovirus

2011

the last case of wild poliovirus is reported in India

Poliovirus Type 3

2012

The last case of poliovirus type 3 is recorded in Nigeria in November

Global Switch

2016

The globally synchronised switch from trivalent to bivalent oral poliovirus is implemented in April 2015. This is the first part of the phased withdrawal of all oral polio vaccine.