Russia Revolution


Alexander II:Emancipation Edict

March 3, 1861

Czar Alexander II ends serfdom in Russia.

Alexander II: Assasination

March 13, 1881

Czar Alexander II assassinated by a member People’s Will.



A massacre of Jews, leading to mass emigration of the Jewish population.

Nicholas II

November 1, 1894

Czar Alexander III dies; his son Nicholas assumes the throne.

October Manifesto


Nicholas II issues the October Manifesto, promising civil liberties and the Duma or elected parliament.

Bloody Sunday

January 22, 1905

Troops and police open fire on a peaceful protest outside the Winter Palace, killing about 1,000 people. Czar Nicholas II is blamed for this event.

Assassination in Sarajevo

June 28, 1914

The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria.

Germany Declares War

August 1, 1914

Germany declares war on Russia. Russia enters the First World War.


December 30, 1916

Grigorii Rasputin, close friend of Czar Nicholas II’s family, is murdered after several failed attempts.


April 1917

Lenin returns from exile


July 1, 1917

Alexander Karensky launches an offensive against Austria-Hungary forces in Galicia.

Brest-Litovsk Treaty

March 3, 1918

Russia ends its participation in the First World War. It takes with it one-third of the old empire’s population, one-third of its railway network, half its industry, three-quarters of its supplies of iron ore, nine-tenths of its coal resources and its food supplies.

Tsar Nicholas II: Executed

July 17, 1918

Czar Nicholas II and his family are executed by the Bolsheviks.

Red Terror

August 30, 1918

Beginning of Red Terror which is an assassination attempt on Lenin by the Socialist Revolutionist.

End of War

March, 1921

End of the war some call War Communism and the introduction of the New Economic Policy or NEP.