Czar Alexander II ends serfdom in Russia.
Czar Alexander II assassinated by a member People’s Will.
A massacre of Jews, leading to mass emigration of the Jewish population.
Czar Alexander III dies; his son Nicholas assumes the throne.
Nicholas II issues the October Manifesto, promising civil liberties and the Duma or elected parliament.
Troops and police open fire on a peaceful protest outside the Winter Palace, killing about 1,000 people. Czar Nicholas II is blamed for this event.
The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria.
Germany declares war on Russia. Russia enters the First World War.
Grigorii Rasputin, close friend of Czar Nicholas II’s family, is murdered after several failed attempts.
Lenin returns from exile
Alexander Karensky launches an offensive against Austria-Hungary forces in Galicia.
Russia ends its participation in the First World War. It takes with it one-third of the old empire’s population, one-third of its railway network, half its industry, three-quarters of its supplies of iron ore, nine-tenths of its coal resources and its food supplies.
Czar Nicholas II and his family are executed by the Bolsheviks.
Beginning of Red Terror which is an assassination attempt on Lenin by the Socialist Revolutionist.
End of the war some call War Communism and the introduction of the New Economic Policy or NEP.