Chronology Chart

Chronologies for the Hebrew monarchies vary depending on the sources used. In this chart, dates are drawn from E.R. Thiele, "The Mysterious Numbers of the Hebrew Kings" rev. ed. (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1983)

World Events

Reign of Ben-hadad I over Aram in Syria

885 bc - 860 bc

Reign of Sennacherib

705 BC - 681 bc

Reign of Nebuchadnezzar in Babylon

605 bc - 562 bc

Haman pltos to kill the Jews

520 bc

Esther becomes queen

479 bc

Book of Job written

Approx. 430 bc

Israel

Northern Kingdom

Jeroboam I

931 BC - 910 BC

Battle: Philistia

Approx. 925 bc

Battle: Syria

Approx. 925 bc

Battle: Moab

925 bc

Nadab

910 BC - 909 BC

Battle: Philistia

909 bc

Baasha

909 bc - 886 bc

Battle: Syria

890 bc

Civil War

885 bc

Zimri

885 BC

Omri

885 bc - 874 bc

Civil War

881 bc

Battle: Moab

Approx. 877 bc

Ahab

874 bc - 853 bc

Elijah

865 bc - 847 bc

Battle: Assyria

853 bc

Battle Syria

853 bc

Jehoram (Joram)

852 bc - 841 bc

Battle: Moab

850 bc

Elisha

847 bc - 798 bc

Battle: Syria

Approx. 845 bc - Approx. 810 bc

Jehu

841 bc - 814 bc

Jehoash (Joash)

798 BC - 782 BC

Battle: Syria

798 bc - 793 bc

Jeroboam II

793 BC - 753 BC

Battle: Judah

790 bc

Jonah

790 bc

Battle: Syria

780 bc

Amos

767 bc - 753 bc

Hosea

755 bc - 725 bc

Zechariah and Shallum

753 bc - 752 bc

Pekah

752 bc - 732 bc

Battle: Judah

735 bc

Battle: Assyria

733 bc - 722 bc

Hoshea

732 BC - 722 BC

Assyria takes Northern Kingdom

722 bc

Judah and Israel Conflicts

Conflicts between the northern and southern kingdoms

Victor: Judah

912 bc

Victor: Judah

895 bc

Victor: Israel

790 bc

Victor: Judah

735 bc

Judah

Rehoboam

931 BC - 913 bc

Battle: Egypt

925 bc

Asa

911 bc - 870 bc

Battle: Ethiopia (Egypt)

900 bc

Jehoshaphat

872 BC - 848 BC

Battle: Syria

853 bc

Battle: Edom, Moab, Ammon

853 bc

Battle: Moab

850 bc

Battle: Libnah

845 bc

Battle: Edom

845 bc

Battle: Philistia, Arabia

842 bc

Battle: Syria

841 bc

Reign of Athaliah

840 bc - 835 bc

Joash (Jehoash)

835 BC - 796 BC

Jehoiada

Approx. 800 bc - Approx. 770 b c

Amaziah

796 bc - 767 bc

Battle: Syria

796 bc

Battle: Edom

794 bc

Azariah (Uzziah)

790 bc - 739 bc

Battle: Philistia, Arabia

785 bc

Amos

767 bc - 753 bc

Pekah

752 BC - 732 BC

Jotham

750 BC - 731 BC

Isaiah

745 BC - 685 BC

Battle: Assyria

743 bc

Micah

740 bc - 700 bc

Battle: Ammon

738 bc

Ahaz

735 bc - 716 bc

Battle: Edom

735 bc

Battle: Philistia

735 bc

Battle: Assyria

733 bc

Hezekiah

716 BC - 687 BC

Battle: Philistia

715 bc

Sannacherib's invasion

701 bc

Battle: Assyria

701 bc

Manasseh

697 BC - 643 BC

Battle: Assyria

650 bc

Amon

642 bc - 640 bc

Josiah

641 BC - 609 BC

Nahum

640 bc

Habakkuk

630 BC

Zephaniah

630 BC

Tobiah and Sanballat oppose Nehemiah

Approx. 630 bc - Approx. 510 bc

Jeremiah

627 bc - 580 bc

Joel

620 bc

Jehoiakim

609 BC - 598 BC

Battle: Egypt

609 bc

Jehoahaz

609 bc - Approx. 609 BC

Battle: Moab, Syria

607 bc

Battle: Babylon

Approx. 605 bc - Approx. 586 bc

Exile

605 bc

Daniel

603 BC - 535 BC

Jehoiachin

Approx. 598 BC - 597 bc

Zedekiah

597 BC - 586 BC

Exile

597 bc

Ezekiel

593 BC - 570 BC

Exile

586 bc

Obediah

586 bc

Temple construction

538 bc - 536 bc

First return from exile

537 bc

Led by Zerubbabel

Haggai

520 BC

Zechariah

520 BC - 518 BC

Temple completed by Zerubbabel

520 bc - 515 bc

Resumed by Zerubbabel

Second return from exile (Led by Ezra)

457 bc

Third return from exile (Led by Nehemiah)

444 bc

Malachi

425 BC