The Seven-Year War, also known as the French and Indian War, was a conflict between England with their Native Indian allies and France with their Native Indian allies. It officially started in 1756 and ended in 1763, but they were already unofficially fighting since 1754. The main focus of this war was about England and France fighting over who was going to have the supreme imperial power in the world, through having the most territory and trading rights to control North America. What threatened the British the most is when both, France and Britain, put claims down for the Ohio Valley. Both the countries were eager to occupy the land through building forts as a statement of ownership.
The war finally settled with the signing of the treaties of Hubertusburg and Paris in February 1763, putting peace back into the world.
(US History, 1999) (Khan Academy, 2017) (History, 2010).
The American colonies constantly suffered a shortage of money, which they would use to trade with and buy supplies. Back then, they did not have gold or silver mines, so therefore it all had to be managed through the British trade. The confusion began when they did not have a common regulation and no standardized currency of their own. The notes would always be issued and given out by land banks or loan offices. Some money could be used to pay off loans and taxes, and others could only be used for private transactions. This created an imbalance in the consistency of money potentialities. This led to stress and anger in the American community because the people could not take money out of their own bank accounts as they pleased (US History, 1999).
The Stamp Act is where the Parliament of Great Britain enforced a lot of unreasonable taxes on the colonies of the British America. The bill, which was passed, made many American residents angry. The reason was, that they had to pay tax on many minimal things such as paper, tea, ink and much more (US History, 1999) (revolutionary-war, 2016).
The event started off as a mob between British Patriots and American colonists. The Americans were protesting on the street because of a recent job cut. As the protest got bigger and a British soldier had hit one of the American protestors, it grew into a massacre and ended with 6-7 innocent deaths. From then on it was known as The Boston Massacre (revolutionary-war 2016, theamericanrevolution, 2001) (History, 2017).
Three of the British ships, carrying tea, entered the Boston Harbour when 70 American men, dressed up as Native Americans, snuck up on to the boats as they arrived in the port. Once on the boats, they dropped hundreds of tea boxes into the harbour's water. This was an act of rebellion, showing their unhappiness with the unreasonable taxes that they had to pay to buy the tea that they desired to drink. (revolutionary-war 2016, theamericanrevolution).
Members from each of the Thirteen Colonies met in Philadelphia for the First Continental Congress. They organized colonial resistance towards the Parliament’s violent acts.
The priority of the Congress was the equality of participants and to promote a free debate. After great discussion, the Congress set forth and issued a Declaration of Rights, declaring its loyalty to the British Crown but disputing the British Parliament’s right to tax (history, 2010). "The Congress also passed the Articles of Association, which called on the Colonies to stop importing goods from the British Isles." History, 2010 (Office Of The Historian, 2017).
Paul Revere was an ordinary American man who once was a silversmith but is now known as a hero and a historical figure. Paul Revere rode his horse, leading other brave men through the night, to warn his fellow Americans that the British were coming, and to light the candle in the church as a warning sign. Paul Revere was also known as the illustrator of the iconically famous image of the Boston Massacre (US History, 1999) (theamericanrevolution, 2001).
It all started as the British soldiers marched through Lexington to get to Concord, to take the military unit and gunnery there. Their original plan was to march to Concord without having a battle in Lexington, but since they met fellow Patriots, who were standing by to fight in Lexington, the battle began. When the Americans stood in front of them, ready for the battle, there was a shot fired that started the fight. And this shot was called "The shot that was heard around the world" (nps.gov, 2008) (revolutionary-war, 2001).
The Second Continental Congress was a follow-up meeting from the First Continental Congress. It was formed with members from the Thirteen Colonies that started meeting in Philadelphia/Pennsylvania in 1775. The Second Congress discussed and took care of the Colonial War effort and they were aiming towards the independence and the United States Declaration of Independence. This they planned to achieve by forming armies, creating strategies and making formal alliances (US History, 1999) (history.state.gov, unknown)
George Washington, filled with bravery and dignity got named Commander in Chief on June the 15th, 1775 (US History, 1999).
The British troops were caught out with their intent to take over Boston. This ignited another battle between the Americans and the British. The battle took place on Breeds Hill, although it is called "The Battle of Bunker Hill." The fight was very bloody and lasted no longer than two hours. Despite the fact that the battle led to the British winning and taking over Boston, the Americans still walked away with a new sense of confidence and hope, as the British lost 100 British commander officers, which losing them was not worth the victory (nps.gov, 2008) (revolutionary-war, 2016).
An army of Loyalists and Redcoats marched their way to Moore's Creek Bridge ready for battle. They were only expecting a small group of Americans, but were soon surprised to see a much larger troop of the Patriots arrive and defeat them. This left the Loyalists and the British no other option but to surrender (revolutionary-war, 2016) (History, 2009).
France joined the war and allied itself with the new American government, George Washington. Frances financial and military aid was a big help for the Americans to win the war (nps.gov, 2008).
Both the French and American force trapped a large British army on Virginia's Yorktown headland. The British were then unable to evacuate or receive any reinforcement because the French fleet had driven off the supporting backup, leaving them no other option but to surrender (nps.gov, 2008) (theamericanrevolution, 2001) (History, 2017).
The British army started to evacuate because there was little to no hope left for them to win. The Americans who decided to stay loyal to the crown had to find new homes in England or Canada. It is estimated that there were about 100,000 who kept true (nps.gov, 2008).
The Treaty of Paris was signed ending all war and conflict, leaving the Americans in the victory. After eight tough years of fighting and despair, it was finally over. The British, who were represented by Richard Oswald and Henry Strachey, met with the Americans, represented by John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, and Henry Laurens had signed a treaty of peace, meaning that the Americans were finally free (revolutionary-war, 2016) (History, 2009).
After the Treaty of Paris got signed, General George Washington resigned as the commander in chief of the Continental Army. He then decided to retire at his home in Mount Vernon, Virginia (History, 2017).