Industrial Revolution Timeline

Events

Bank of England

1694

The Bank of England is founded.

Turnpike Trusts

1707

Turnpike Trusts were authorised by Parliament to collect road tolls, and
use that money to repair and improve the roads.

Abraham Darby

1709

Abraham discovered a process to make high-quality iron from coke
smelting.

Thomas Newcomen

1712

Thomas Newcomen invents the world's first atmospheric steam engine.

Sweatshops

1730 - 1780

Machines used in the textile industry, such as those that spun and wove were made larger, and production moved to factories. The word
sweatshop was founded, used to describe the working conditions.

Sankey Canal

1757

The Sankey Canal is opened.

Bridgewater Canal

1761

The Bridgewater Canal is opened.

Seven Year's War

1763

Britain gains increased trade with the Indian colonies and North America after securing victory in the Seven Year's War.

James Watt

1769

A steam engine that is capably of continuously running is invented by
James Watt.

Henry Cort

1783

A process called 'puddling', used to make high-quality iron products, is
invented by Henry Cort.

Boulton and Watt

1785

A steam engine, the Bolton and Watt, is first used in a textiles factory.

Census

1801

The first official population census was held in Britain in 1801, and has
been held every 10 years since (excluding 1941).

Puffing Billy

1813

The first working steam train, named 'Puffing Billy', is built by William
Hedley.

Public Steam Railway

1825

A railway from Stockton to Darlington is opened, the first public steam
railway in England.

Stephenson's Rocket

1830

Stephenson's 'Rocket' (sometimes credited as the first modern steam
locomotive) pulls the first train on the Manchester to Liverpool railway.

Railways

1830 - 1840

The construction of railways in France and Germany begins.

Samuel Morse

1842

The single wire telegraph is invented by Samuel Morse.

The Great Exhibition

1851

The Great Exhibition in 1851 was the first international exhibit of
manufactured products.

Phones

1876

The first telephone is patented by Alexander Graham Bell.