The Bank of England is founded.
Turnpike Trusts were authorised by Parliament to collect road tolls, and
use that money to repair and improve the roads.
Abraham discovered a process to make high-quality iron from coke
Thomas Newcomen invents the world's first atmospheric steam engine.
Machines used in the textile industry, such as those that spun and wove were made larger, and production moved to factories. The word
sweatshop was founded, used to describe the working conditions.
The Sankey Canal is opened.
The Bridgewater Canal is opened.
Britain gains increased trade with the Indian colonies and North America after securing victory in the Seven Year's War.
A steam engine that is capably of continuously running is invented by
A process called 'puddling', used to make high-quality iron products, is
invented by Henry Cort.
A steam engine, the Bolton and Watt, is first used in a textiles factory.
The first official population census was held in Britain in 1801, and has
been held every 10 years since (excluding 1941).
The first working steam train, named 'Puffing Billy', is built by William
A railway from Stockton to Darlington is opened, the first public steam
railway in England.
Stephenson's 'Rocket' (sometimes credited as the first modern steam
locomotive) pulls the first train on the Manchester to Liverpool railway.
The construction of railways in France and Germany begins.
The single wire telegraph is invented by Samuel Morse.
The Great Exhibition in 1851 was the first international exhibit of
The first telephone is patented by Alexander Graham Bell.