Supreme Court rules that racial segregation in public schools in unconstitutional, which began to show many people that all have a right to public education, regardless of race, ethnicity, disability, etc.
Congress amends the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, creating a Bureau of Education for the Handicapped, which is today known as the Office of Special Education Programs.
Two major court cases apply the argument of equal protection for those with disabilities and set groundbreaking precedents for special education law.
The Education for All Handicapped Children Act is enacted in 1975, mandating schools to provide education for handicapped children and disallowing schools from denying a student education solely based on disabilities.
Among other things, the Americans with Disabilities Act increases the frequency of Individualized Education Plans in schools.
The Education for All Handicapped Children Act is renamed the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.
Major changes to IDEA include students with disabilities being included in state and district wide assessments, regular teachers being required to join IEP teams, and the inclusion of developmentally delayed children between the ages of 3 and 9.
No Child Left Behind requires all students to meet minimum proficiency requirements in math and reading.
President Bush amends IDEA to align more closely with No Child Left Behind standards, with major changes being additional accountability placed at state and local levels, with more data outcomes required. Additional instruction and intervention programs put in place to try to help keep students out of special education.