President Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation takes effect, proclaiming freedom from slavery for African-Americans.
The 13th Amendments of the U.S. Constitution is passed, abolishing slavery in the United States.
The 14th Amendment to the U.S. constitution is passes, guaranteeing due process and equal protection rights to all citizens of the United States.
The 15th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is passed, guaranteeing the right to vote for all U.S. citizens.
Plessy v. Ferguson (Approval of "Separate but Equal" Facilities)
The U.S. Supreme Court "separate but equal" decision in Plessy v. Ferguson approved laws requiring racial segregation, as long as those laws did not allow for separate accommodations and facilities for blacks that were inferior to those for whites.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) Founded
Martin Luther King, Jr.: "I Have a Dream"
Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. delivers the historic "I Have a Dream" speech in front of hundreds of thousands of participants in the "March on Washington."