Physical Education

Events

First Olympics is held

Approx. 776 B.C.

Events: Boxing, footrace, archery, spear throwing, and discus
- With the rise of Rome the Olympics declined
- 393 B.C. the Games were abolished by Roman Emperor, Theodosius I
-1892-1898 French baron revived the Olympics

Italian Physician, Vittorino da Feltre, starts childhood physical education classes

1420

Denmarks Bill of 1814 establishes first ever mandatory Physical Education class

1814

Charles Beck becomes first physical education teacher in the U.S.

1825

Charles Follen opens first college gymnasium at Harvard

1826

Normal Institute Founded In Boston

1861

California Becomes First State To Pass P.E. Legislation

1866

-Beecher's influence started the American system of exercise
-Between 1855-1900 there were several debates referred to as the Battle of Systems
-Law was an influence to other states
- Many states in the United States adopted this law for their own schools

First Professional Baseball Team

1869

Nils Posse starting teaching Swedish gymnastics in Boston

1885

First Modern Olympics in Athens

1896

-Caused the first largest international participation of any sporting event to date
-Coubertin and the IOC were petitioned by prominent figures to hold all the following Games in Athens, however it was already scheduled to partake in Paris
-The Olympic flame was first lit in 1928
- Up to 14 nations took participation in these events

First World Series

1903

Eight states pass physical education legislation requiring some sort of physical training

1915 - 1918

Illinois, New York, California, Nevada, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Delaware and
Maryland

More states pass the physical education legislation

1919 - 1925

Alabama, Indiana, Maine, Michigan, Oregon, Utah,
Washington, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, Virginia, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Misouri,
North Carolina, West Virginia, Iowa, Wisconsin, Minnesota, South Carolina and Tennessee

Winter Olympics Initiated in France

1924

Roger Bannister breaks four-minute mile

1954

President Kennedy reforms the Council on Youth Fitness started by Eisenhower

1961

Title IX bans sexual discrimination in schools for academics and athletics

1972

-After the ban, women were being enrolled in college and entered careers previously geared towards men
-School administrators couldn't legally dictate which student can take which class based on gender
-Schools had legal obligation to prevent and address any reported sexual harassment
-Allowed girls to play in sports and receive scholarships

AAHPER Health-Related Physical Fitness Test

1981

Physical Education for Progress Act is approved by Congress

2000

Bush Administration imposes a moratorium on the PEP bill

2001