The Northwest Rebellion

by Yahia 8H

Events

1870 Manitoba Act

1870

During the act, the federal government promised to grant land to 7000 descendants for the Red River Metis by 1884.

Louis Riel taking over

March 4th 1870

Louis Riel executed Thomas Scott because he did not like the Francophones or the Roman Catholics. The death of Scott created a lot of problems and put Louis at very dangerous spot in his journey. Reasoning being was that many people didnt like that he killed Thomas Scott.

Louis Riel escapes Canada for the US

august 24 1870

Killing Thomas Scott was very troubiling so Riel decided to fled to the United States where it was "safer" for Louis to live and not get caught by the RCMP.

Metis is left hanging

1884

In 1870, the Metis group were suppose to have land granted to them by the year 1884 and has yet happend.

Riel returns

May 1884

A group of Metis men including there then leader, Gabriel Dumont from Saskatchewan travelled to Montana to meet up with Louis. Riel has then been more religious and was in to petition the federal government to settle the Metis land claim and he wanted to fight for the Metis for getting left hanging.

Approval from the Government

February 1885

Some Metis were upsetwith the fact that the government has not responded to the grant which led to many leaving Manitoba. Some moved to Saskatchewan where as others moved to the United States. Finally in February, the government agreed to Riel to come up with a committee in regards to the investigation of the land problem that people were very upset about.

Creation of a new Provisional government

March 1885

Both Metis leaders recognized how the the federal government ignores the Metis as well as the first nations and settlers in the Northwest. The two men who took action decided to organize an army of 300 men and signed a secret oath. The government who grew concerns had alerted the possibility of Metis resistance where preparation was taken into consideration to prepare government troops and possible action in the Northwest.

Battle of Duck Lake

March 25 1885

Dumont, the leader of the Metis group decided to raid a local store in Duck lake. Stealing supplies and being forced to return them, Dumont told some men to hide until violence was done being avoided . The Northwest Mounted Police tried to track down the group and ended up with a fight breaking out. Both sides of men were killed where then the Northwest Mounted Police were forced to retreat due to the violence.

Before the Battle of Batoche

April 1885

Battle of Batoche

May 1885

Several battles had taken place in April. As both sides decided to take charge, the Metis were outnumbered. The actual battle began with a three day stand off that started on May 9th. A troop sent by the government took charge of the Metis front line where they had to retreat because the ran out of ammunition. The retreat led to the Riel to giving in.

Riel surrenders

May 25 1885

After the battle of Batoche, Riel decided to surrender on May 15th 1885. Riel thought this was the best way to seek attention for the Metis as they struggle against the government. Many people including Dumont escaped to the United States. As Riel surrendered, the Northwest Resistance was officaly over and so was Riels life.

Louis Riel's trial

July 20 1885

The four day trial asked Riel if he was guilty to a charge of treason where he plead he was not guilty. His lawyers wanted to portray the Metis leader as an insane person that all his actions would not be held responsibly but the laywer failed to do so.

Riel's sentence

July 24 1885

He was sentenced to eight weeks in Regina's jail. Jury found the leader guilty of treason.

Louis Riel execution day

November 16 1885

On the execution day, Riel was hanged by Macdonald and his cabinet. The final decision was made by Macodnald himself and these were all the events that resulted in his death.