As a part of the Manitoba act , the federal government promised to set aside land for 7000 descendants of the Red River Metis. They were so frustrated and tired of waiting that a lot of Metis left Manitoba and new immigrants were also arriving at the same time. Census records show Manitoba's Metis population dropped from 83 percent in 1870 to just 7 percent in 1886
This was when the province Manitoba was created.
A group of four Metis men including Gabriel Dumont , a Metis leader from Saskatchewan traveled to Montana to meet with Louis Riel. Wanting Riel to lead their protest against the federal government . They convinced him to help and return to Canada.
Riel created a provisional government like the one he had set up in Manitoba in 1870
The federal government altered government troops to prepare for possible action n the Northwest. Being concerned about another possible Metis resistance.
Dumont and his men raided the local store in Duck Lake, Saskatchewan, for supplies. The nest day , a group of 100 North-west Mounted police tried ti track down Dumont and his 300 men to take back stolen supplies. Dumont wanted to avoid violence . So he instructed his men to hide and his brother and Cree elder to go talk to the police. Although a fight still broke out and gunshots were fired. Men got killed in both ends , including his brother and the Cree elder.
Riel thought God wanted them to fight against their enemy at Batoche which they ended up happening but on May 9 with a three day standoff. They had a series of failed attack with a group of government troops deciding to charge the Metis front line which didn't help. The Metis militia only numbered 50 to 60 men at that point and they ran out of ammunition which caused them to retreat.
Riel got surrendered on May 15 . He believed that a public trial might bring attention to the Metis struggle against the government. Others and Dumont escaped to the united States with the defeat at Batoche and Riel's surrender. Which resulted to having the Northwest Resistance coming to an end.
Riel's trial began after he was placed for eight weeks in Regina jail. He pleaded not guilty to a charge of treason. Initially the trial was to be held in Winnipeg bit it was moved to Regina as the government was worried a Winnipeg jury would be made up of people supportive of Riel. So they choose Regina who has a lower Metis population than in Winnipeg. AS well , in Regina the final jury was made up of English speaking Protestants. With only one jurors spoke French which is Riel's first language.
After 4 day trial , the jury found Riel guilty of treason but recommended mercy . riles last chance was in the hands of the federal government. Only they could reverse his sentence. Although want ended up happening is MacDonald and his cabinet decided to hang Riel. He was executed on November 16, 1885
The Canadian public debated Riel's death sentence for weeks after the trial. The politicians stirred up with anger of the french and catholic population over Riel's sentence. Crowds gathered to protest the federal governments actions.Even to this day , the decision to execute Riel is controversial.