At this period, the indigenous population was estimated at 350000-750000 people.
160,000 convicts were shipped to the Australian colonies from the United Kingdom.
Approximately 200,000 free settlers chose to migrate from England to Australia to start a new life.
During the 1850s gold rush, thousands of Chiniese people came to Australia. Once most of the gold was dug out, a lot people established new businesses and did a lot farming for marketing.
The White Australia policy was introduced in 1901 which restricted non-European immigration to Australia.
After the World War 2, the Australian government promoted immigration by letting access to more than two millions of citizens lost at the war. They also offered assisted 10 pounds passages to one million British migrants.
In the late 1970s, a wave of seaborne refugees docked in Darwin from East Timor and Indochina. They were known as the Vietnamese
boat people from the Vietnam war and were let in bringing in some multiculturalism to Australia.
Since the late 1990s, a number of asylum seekers from the Middle East and Sri Lanka have arrived by boat to Australia. These people arriving on unauthorized voyages are still coming to Australia in the present world.