Physical Education Timeline

Events

Introduction of Physical Education into Lifestyles

Homer's Iliad written

Approx. 810 B.C.E - Approx. 725 B.C.E.

the first literary reference to athletic competition in ancient Greece

Olympic Games

Approx. 800 B.C.E - Present

First Gymnastic School for Children Opened in Berlin

1811

Opened by Friedrich Ludwig Jahn, Father of Modern Physical Education

Development of Royal Gymnastic Center Institute in Sweden

1813

Swedish teacher Pehr Henrik Ling

First Ever Mandatory Physical Education

1814

Denmark's School Bill by Nachtegall

Sports

Horse Races in Europe

Approx. 400

Earliest Reference to Golf

1457

Scotland

National Bowling League is Founded

1875

Invention of Softball

1887

Little League Baseball founded

1939

Carl Stoltz

The United States

First City School System to Offer Physical Education

1855

Cincinnati, Ohio

California Law Requires "PE" in Public Schools

1866

First World Series - Boston vs. Pittsburg

1903

President Eisenhower forms Council on Youth Fitness. 1

1955

Modern Organizations for Physical Education

YMCA Founded

1844

Founded in London by George Williams

American Association for the Advancement of Physical Education founded (AAAPE)

1885

National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) formed

1906

Modern Achievements

Roger Bannister breaks four-minute mile

1954

AAHPER Youth Fitness Test established

1957

Special Olympics

1968 - Present

AAHPERD Heath-Related Physical Fitness Test

1981