History of Federal Government in Education

Events

Northwest Ordinance of 1787

1787

Morrill Act

1862

Department of Education established with minor record-keeping role

Approx. 1867

Vocation education program started as a result of World War I

Approx. 1910 - 1919

Smith-Hughes Act (later named Carl Perkins Act)

Approx. 1917

Federal Surplus Commissions Corporation, National Youth and Civilian Conservation Corps, and Public Works Administration (founded as result of the Great Depression)

Approx. 1930 - 1939

Office of Education transferred to Federal Security Agency

Approx. 1939

GI Bill passed as a result of World War II

Approx. 1940 - 1949

Lanham Act

1941

Brown v. Board of Education

1954

National Defense Education Act (NDEA) passed

1957

Johnson administration passed Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) - focus on Title I

1965

Bilingual Education Act

1968

San Antonio Independent School District v. Rodriguez

1973

Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975

1975

Creation of the U.S. Department of Education

1979

Jeffersonian Compact

1989

No Child Left Behind Act

2001

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA)

2009

Race to the Top

2009

Common Core enacted

2014