History of Canada Time Line

Events

The Sovereign Council of Quebec

1663

France passes an Edict that creates The Sovereign Council of Quebec. This made New France a province and allowed for a civil government

The Royal Proclamation of 1763

1763

The British take over New France.
The Royal Proclamation of 1763 sets out civil laws for Quebec

The Quebec Act

1774

Authorized the use of French civil law and permitting the free exercise of the Roman Catholic religion. This act is the original legal source of Quebec's subsequent position affirming its continuing recognition as a distinct society in North America.

Constitution Act

1791

This divided Quebec into two provinces: Upper and Lower Canada. Both provinces had a governor, executive council and an elected assembly. Had "Representative Government" but not "Responsible Government".

Rebellions

1837 - 1838

Mackenzie against Family Compact. Papineau against Chateau Clique. They demand for responsible government.

Lord Durham's Report

1839

Recommended the following:
Reunite the provinces. French language was not to be used. Goal was to assimilate the French.
Responsible government.

Act of Union

1840

Province of Canada created: Canada East and Canada West.
By 1848 responsible government is established but it was not representative of the difference in populations between Canada East and Canada West.

Vote

1867

Only men who own property are allowed to vote.

The Confederation

1 July 1867

The British North America Act (BNA Act). It joined New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Canada East and Canada West. They are united by and under a strong Federal government to help prevent civil war like in the US.
Dvision of roles between the Federal government and the Provincial governments.
Seats in the Federal government based on the rep by population of each province.

The Chinese Head Tax

1885

It was a tax that the government charged in each chinese person who tried to come to Canada and it was growing for years. Started at $500 to $800. Also known as chinese banned.

Battle of Ypres

1915

Women have the right to vote

1916

Women in Manitoba become the first in Canada win the right to vote in provincial elections.

The Battle of Vimy Ridge

1917

Captured the hill and took power of it. The Canadians pushed the German back and about a year and a half later World War One ended.

Statute of Westminster

1931

This gave Canada control of its foreign for the first time (Prior to this the British decided Canada's foreign policy).

Native Canadians can vote

1960

Native people won the right to vote.

New Flag of Canada

15 February 1965

Canada gets a new red-and-white, maple leaf flag.
The new flag is inaugurated.

Reduced the age to vote

1970

The votting age is reduced from 21 to 18

Terry Fox

1981

He died in the middle of his cross-Canada Marathon of Hope. Terry Fox raises about $25 million dollars for cancer research and cancer kids.

Constitution Act

1982

Canada officially becomes its own country. The Charter of Rights and Freedoms is added to Canada's Constitution.