90s

Events

Nelson Mandela is Released from Prison

February 11, 1990

Nelson Mandela's freedom was very important because, after his release he gave a speech declaring his commitment to peace and reconciliation with white people and insisted that his main focus was to bring peace to the black majority and give them the right to vote in national and local elections.

Oka Crisis

July 11, 1990 - September 26th, 1990

The Oka Crisis was a 78-day standoff between Mohawk protesters, police, and army. The crisis led to the Royal Commission of Aboriginal Peoples usher in new agreements between indigenous and non-indigenous people.

PM Mulroney introduces GST

January 1st, 1991

On January 1st, 1991 Prime Minister Mulroney introduced a Goods and Service tax. This tax is important because, it helped improve the competitive position of Canada's economy and it proved to be a good source of revenue for the federal government.

Gulf War Ends

February 27, 1991

Although the Gulf War ended Saddam Hussein wasn't forced from power. Hussein’s forces suppressed uprisings by Kurds in the north of Iraq and Shi’ites in the south. The United States-led coalition failed to support the uprisings, afraid that the Iraqi state would be destroyed if they won. The US and the UK patrolled skies over Iraq for years to come. In 2002 George Bush issued an ultimatum demanding that Saddam Hussein step down from power and leave Iraq within 48 hours. Hussein refused, and the Iraq War started 3 days later.

The Creation Of NAFTA

January 1st, 1994

The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is a free trade deal between Canada, Mexico and the U.S. NAFTA has done great things such as, the increased employment in the U.S. by 24 percent between 1993 and 2007, and Canada seeing the biggest annual growth rates since '93 between the 3 members.

The Quebec Referendum

October 30, 1995

Quebecois reject separation with 50.6% saying NON. This vote led to Bouchard taking over the Parti Quebecois and announcing his intention of a '97 referendum. This also lead to Chretien creating a special Cabinet committee to formulate a new constitutional proposal.

The Death of Tupac Shakur

September 13, 1996

Rapper Tupac Shakur was shot on September 7, 1996 in a drive by shooting by an unknown gunman. Tupac had done many important things, especially for the black community, such as, voicing their problems a national and international stage as well as wanting to end the East Coast - West Coast rivalry.

North American Ice Storm

January 4, 1998 - January 9, 1998

Due to this horrible ice storm Project Ice Storm was created to monitor the long-term effect of prenatal stress. The point of the study is to comprehend the long-term effects of the prenatal exposure to stress

Nunavut becomes a part of Canada

04/01/1999

The inclusion of Nunavut created a New Northwest territories.

Columbine School Massacre

April 20, 1999

On April 20, 1999 two students, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold shot up their school killing 15 people including themselves. After this shooting schools in the US implemented a lock down system for if an intruder is in the building which is still used to this day