Timeline of Canada

Events

The Sovereign Council of Quebec

1663

France passes a law that creates The Sovereign Council of Quebec. This allowed for a civil government and created a new province known as New France.

The Royal Proclamation

1763

England dominates New France and makes The Royal Proclamation. This sets civil laws for Quebec.

The Quebec Act

1774

French civil law was approved and the practice of Roman Catholic Religion was permitted. Quebec became a society distinct from others in Canada.

Constitution Act

1791

Quebec was split into two different provinces, Upper and Lower Quebec. Both provinces had an elected assembly and executive council, and a representative government instead of a responsible government.

Rebellions

1837 - 1838

William Mackenzie and Louis Papineau both demanded a responsible government.

Lord Durham's Report

1839

Lord Durham proposed that the two provinces of Upper and Lower Quebec become one again while also assimilating the French language and culture. He thought this would create a responsible government.

Act of Union

1840

Canada East and Canada West were created, and a responsible government was put in place. While this government was responsible it was not representative based on population.

Confederation

July 1st, 1867

Known as the British North American Act (BNA), joins New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Canada East, and Canada West by a strong federal government.

Statue of Westminister

1931

Gave Canada control of its foreign policy for the first time.

Constitution Act

1982

The Charter of Rights and Freedoms was set in place for Canada which became its own country.