Cold War Events

Events

Iron Curtain Speech

1946

The Iron Curtain Speech was delivered by Winston Churchill explaining how the “iron curtain” ran along the western border of East Germany, etc.

Marshall Plan

1947

The Marshall Plan stated that all European nations could receive U.S. money to rebuild their economies, as long as the money was spent on U.S. goods. Congress gave $17 billion in aid.

Molotov Plan

1947

An economic union of Eastern European nations, the Molotov Plan provided a plan for the nations of Eastern Europe to rebuild their economies.

Truman Doctrine

1947

A plan to support free people resisting enslavement by communists or outside pressures. It provided military and economic assistance to nations resisting communism.

Berlin Airlift

1948

The Berlin Airlift started in August 1948 and lasted for 10 months. The U.S. sent two million tons of supplies to West Berlin on cargo planes.

Berlin Blockade

1948

The Soviet Union set up the Berlin Blockade as the first step in creating the new nation of West Germany. All road and rail access to the Western occupation zones in Berlin were closed.

The Soviet Union Tests the Bomb

1949

The Soviets successfully completed their first test of an atomic bomb in 1949. There was a race to build up atomic power, and there was enough to destroy the world.

NATO

1949

To defend against the Soviet Union, President Truman signed a military alliance treaty known as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

Warsaw Pact

1955

The Warsaw Pact was signed between Poland, East Germany, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Romania, Albania, Bulgaria, and the Soviet Union as the leading power.

The Invasion of Hungary

1956

The Soviet Union used tanks and went into Budapest and rounded up protesters. Hungary was returned to a communist nation.

Berlin Wall

1961

Constructed in 1961, the Berlin Wall’s purpose was to shut the entire border between East and West Berlin. East German soldiers manned the wall and shot anyone attempting to scale it.

The Invasion of Czechoslovakia

1968

The Soviet Union sent Warsaw Pact troops and tanks to restore Czechoslovakia as a communist nation. They faced little resistance.