Civil Rights

Events

1663 Slaves were organizing revolts to regain their freedom. (The Peculiar Institution, Cornell notes)

1663

1816 Supreme Court decides segregation(chapter 25)

1816

1830 Anti-Slavery society was formed

1830

1838 Fredrick Douglass escaped from slavery(Us history book pgs 200-203)

1838

1846 Dred Scott sued for his freedom (Us History book)

1846

Source US history book

1850 California became a free state(Online text book)

1850

1940 President Harry Truman ordered the end of segregation in the armed services.(A new civil rights movement)

1940

1942 Sit ins began (Chapter 25 Us history book)

1942

1960 Average income of African Americans was only 55% of that of the average income for whites (chapter 25)

1950

1955 Rosa parks refused to get out of a white mans seat because she was equal (A new civil rights movement)

1955

1956 A group of 101 Southern members of Congress signed the "Southern Manifesto" denounced the Supreme Court's ruling as a clear abuse of judicial power. (A new civil rights movement)

1955

1956 Supreme court declared Alabama's laws requiring segregation on buses unconstitutional. (Chapter 25 Us history book)

1956

1957 Civil Rights Act intended to protect the right of African Americans to vote. (chapter 25)

1957

1960 Kennedy brought 40 African Americans into high level of government positions (Chapter 25)

1960

1962 James Meredith was the 1st African American to attend University of Mississippi

1962

1963 Bull Connor unleashed dogs, tear gas, and fire hoses on the peaceful demonstrators. (A new Civil rights movement)

1963

1963 Martin Luther King Jr. organized a protest in Birmingham, Alabama. There was 60 unsolved bombings of African American churches

1963

1963 More than 250,000 demonstrators gathered near the Lincoln Memorial to hear Dr. Kings speech

1963

1964 Johnson signed the Civil Rights act of 1964

1964

1964 It became illegal to refuse employment to an individual on the basis of race.

1964

1965 King led a march in Selma, Alabama to higher the percentage of African American voters.

1965

Voting Rights Act of 1965 suspended discriminatory devices, such as literacy tests(Chapter 25)

1965

1968 King was assassinated April 4th by James Earl Ray

1968

1970 Congress renewed the Voting Rights Act

1970

1994 Approximately a third of all Black families were below the poverty level, while less than one-tenth of all White families were below the poverty level.

1994

2011 There were more African Americans in prison or “under the watch” of the justice system than were enslaved in the United States in 1850.

2011

2012 Only 12 percent of white children live in areas of concentrated poverty, compared with 45 percent of black children, according to a 2012 report from the Economic Policy Institute.

2012

2014 Officer Darren Wilson, the white police officer who shot and killed Michael Brown, an unarmed black teenager, on a street in Ferguson, Missouri, in August.

2014

2015 There were 2,156 more African American people than white people that had been imprisoned

2015

Infographic

2017 2,000 black protesters march and rally near Washington's Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial to fight for minority rights and President Barack Obama's signature healthcare law

2017