Chronology of Key Events in Sadr City, Iraq

Events

Region is part of the Ottoman Empire

1534 - 1918

Britain seizes Baghdad and surrounding areas during First World War

1917

Mandate ends, Iraq becomes independent.

1932

Saddam Hussein succeeds Al-Bakr as President

1979

Iran - Iraq War

1980 - 1988

Iraq Invades Kuwait, prompting what becomes known as Gulf War

1990

Southern Shia and northern Kurdish populations - encouraged by Iraq's defeat in Kuwait - rebel, prompting a brutal crackdown.

1991

Mid March/ Early April

US extends northern limit of southern no-fly zone to latitude 33 degrees north, to Sadr City

1996

September

US led invasion topples Saddam Hussein's government, marks start of years of violent conflict with different groups competing for power.

2003

Fighting in Najaf between US forces and Shia militia of radical cleric Moqtada Sadr.

2004

Shia militias loyal to radical cleric Moqtada Sadr take on coalition forces.

2004

At least 114 people are killed by a car bomb in Hilla, south of Baghdad, in the worst single such incident since the US-led invasion.

2005

Amid escalating violence, parliament selects Kurdish leader Jalal Talabani as president. Ibrahim Jaafari, a Shia, is named as prime minister.

2005