History of Western Christianity 150-1100 Midterm

Main

Ignatius of Antioch

100 - 108

Born in 35 or 50

Justin Martyr

100 - 165

Pliny's Letter to Trajan

111 - 112

Clement of Alexandria

150 - 215

Polycarp, Bishop of Smyrna

155 - 170

martyred, hagiography remains

Tertullian

160 - 225

Lyons and Viennes Persecutions

177 - 178

Perpetua and Felicitas

180 - 203

Martyrs

Origen

185 - 255

Paul of Samosata

230 - 268

Monarchianist, also know as Adoptionist (view that at the time Christ was born he was a mere man, elevated to divine sonship only at the resurrection)

Decius

249 - 251

Cyprian

249 - 258

prolific writer, martyred

Arius

256 - 336

Valerian

260 - 261

Eusebius

263 - 339

Athanasius of Alexandria

298 - 373

Assistant to Bishop of Alenander, vocal opponent to Arianism

Diocletian

303 - 311

Constantine

306 - 337

Theodore of Mopsuestia

350 - 428

Antochene, school which eventually "wins" to a greater extent, but also named heretic because he goes too far -- does not sufficiently emphasize and value unity of God and Son.

Augustine

354 - 430

Pelagius

354 - 425

Appollinaris

355 - 390

John Cassian

360 - 435

influenced benedict and Rule, semi-pelagian, fled to Constantinople from origenist monks

Julian the Apostate

361 - 363

Nestorius

386 - 451

Caelestius Ordained

415 - 416

ordained at Ephesus, starts the pelagian controversy makes big claims that Adam's sin only affected Adam, there were perfect people before jesus, we should be perfect, etc.

Benedict

480 - 543

originator of Rule, condensed form of Rule of the Master, envisioned small hard-working monasteries for supernatural perfection of monks

Gregory the Great

590 - 604

his papacy

Councils/Decrees

Constantine affirms Caecilian

312 - 313

Wants political unity, affirms in opposition to Donatists who want Caecilian punished for capitulation to persecutions

Edict of Milan

313 - 314

Nicene Creed

381 - 382

Council of Carthage

418 - 419

Augustine shocked at Zosimus forgiveness of Pelagius, declares nine points of disagreement/condemnation

Christological Council at Ephesus

431 - 432

Chalcedonian Council/Decree

451 - 452