Organized Baseball

Events

1839: Doubleday invent baseball- Cooperstown, NY

1839

1842: NY Knickerbockers- baseball club organized

1842

1845: Alexander Cartwright develops rules of baseball

1845

1846: 1st official game of baseball played (Knickerbockers & cricket players)

1846

1857: Muscular Christianity- Dr. Luther Gulick (80s)

1857

1858: National Assoc. of Base Ball Players-clubs

1858

1859: Henry Chadwick-box score

1859

1866: 1st women's baseball team started by Vassar College group

1866

1869: Amateurism ended

1869

1869: Cincinnati Red Stockings w/ Harry Wright- 1st pro team

1869

1876: National League est. as 1st organized ML-William Hulbert

1876

1881: National Agreements. 82- respect reserve clause. 85-salary cap.

1881 - 1885

1882: Reserve Rule

1882

1882: American Assoc. of Base Ball Clubs- “beer leagues” est.

1882

1885: Gentleman’s Agreement

1885

1889: The Players' League est.- John Montgomery Ward

1889

1901: American League est.- Ban Johnson

1901

1902: 3 Man National Commission est.

1902

1902: Agree Between AL & NL

1902

1904: World Series cancelled

1904

1910: President Taft 1st pitch

1910

1914-5: The Federal League est.

1914 - 1915

1919: Black Sox Scandal

1919

1920: Negro National League Est.

1920

1921: Judge Landis- 1st commissioner

1921

1921: Baseball broadcast on radio 1st time.

1921

1922: US SC, Baseball is sport not business, no anti-trust laws

1922

1923: Yankee Stadium

1923

1923: Landis bans Chicago 8

1923

1948: Satchel Paige begins MLB career (26-65)

1926 - 1965

1926: Branch Rickey Farm System

1926

1933: MLB’s est. of All-Star Game

1933

1935: Joe DiMaggio- NY Yankees

1935

1935: MLB’s 1st night game played

1935

1938: Negro American League (NAL) began play

1938

1942: Negro League WS since '27.

1942

1942: All American Girls Baseball League (42-54) Pro-43

1942 - 1954

1945: Jackie Robinson w/ Brooklyn Dodgers

1945

1946: Sports Broadcasting

1946

1947: Jackie debuts w/ Dodgers-Rickey

1947

1953: Game of the Week Baseball

1953

1954: Roberto Clemente (1954-72)

1954 - 72

1954: Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court decision

1954

1954: Hank Aaron starts MLB

1954

1957: Relocations- Dodgers, Giants, etc (1950s)

1957

1962: Jackie 1st Afr Amer to Baseball HoF

1962

1962: New Dodgers Stadium

1962

1966: Marvin Miller-ML Player’s Assoc

1966

1968: Basic Agreement-end reserve clause

1968

1970s: Afr Amer-Off field leadership

1970 - 1979

1974: Hank Aaron (Braves) breaks Ruth’s career hr record

1974

1975: Killed Reserve Clause. Free Agency Era begins

1975

1981: ML Strike- short season

1981

1994: WS Cancelled bc Player’s Strike

1994

1997: Jackie Robinson, #42 retired

1997

1998: McGwire & Sosa pass season hr record

1998

2005: Performance Enhancing Drug Scandals

2005