Biology Malaria

Events

Epidemic

800 BC

People thought that malaria infected people.

The Romans

18 BC

Noticed that malaria could occur near swamps. In Rome, Caesar cleared out swamps to prevent malaria. Malaria is Italian for "bad air".

Science Development

1821

Joseph Caventou and Pierre Pelletier purify quinine. The quinine molecule is tested on malaria patients and then used as treatment.

Charles Laveran

1880

Observed malaria infected blood.

Celli and Marchiafara

1885

Suggested that malaria is transmitted through infected blood.

Golgi

1886

Identified two species of plasmodium.

Ronald Ross

1897

Identified plasmodium as the cause of malaria.

Giovanni Grassi

1898

Named the female anopheles mosquito as the vector of malaria.

Alan Cowman

1985 - 1990

Explained why strains of plasmodium had developed into resistant to treatment drugs.